Kaneyama, Yamagata

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Kaneyama
金山町
Town
Kaneyama town hall
Kaneyama town hall
Flag of Kaneyama
Flag
Official seal of Kaneyama
Seal
Location of Kaneyama in Yamagata Prefecture
Location of Kaneyama in Yamagata Prefecture
Kaneyama is located in Japan
Kaneyama
Kaneyama
 
Coordinates: 38°53′N 140°20′E / 38.883°N 140.333°E / 38.883; 140.333Coordinates: 38°53′N 140°20′E / 38.883°N 140.333°E / 38.883; 140.333
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Yamagata
District Mogami
Area
 • Total 161.79 km2 (62.47 sq mi)
Population (October 2016)
 • Total 5,669
 • Density 35/km2 (91/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Japanese beech, Japanese cedar, Kousa Dogwood
Phone number 0233-52-2111  
Address 324-1 Kaneyama, Kaneyama-machi, Mogami-gun, Yamagata-ken 999-5402
Website http://www.town.kaneyama.yamagata.jp/

Kaneyama (金山町, Kaneyama-machi) is a town located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of October 2016, the town has an estimated population of 5,669, and a population density of 35 persons per km². The total area is 161.79 square kilometres (62 sq mi).

Geography

Kaneyama is located in northeastern Yamagata Prefecture, bordered to the north by Aomori Prefecture. The town is at an elevation of between 100 and 400 meters, surrounded by 1000 meter mountains. The area is known for its extremely heavy snowfalls in winter. There are many osegi waterways running through the town.[1] Part of the town is within the borders of the Kurikoma Quasi-National Park[2]

Neighboring municipalities

History

The area of present-day was Kaneyama part of ancient Dewa Province and during the Nara Period and early Heian period was an important fortified point on the road connecting Akita Castle on the Sea of Japan with Tagajo on the Pacific Ocean. During the Sengoku period, the area was under the control of the Mogami clan, who built Kaneyama Castle on what is now the center of the modern town. During the Edo period, the town was a post town on the Ushū Kaidō connecting Edo with what is now Aomori. The mountain passes north of the town center were a battlefield in the Boshin War of the Meiji restoration. After the start of the Meiji period, the area became part of Mogami District, Yamagata Prefecture. The modern village of Kaneyama was established on April 1, 1889 and was raised to town status on January 1, 1925.

Economy

The main industry is agriculture, livestock and forestry. Kaneyama is particularly famed for its cedar trees, and houses built in the traditional style (with cedar wood and white walls) can be seen around the town. The town is also noted for its production of ornamental (nishiki) koi.

These figures were taken from the 2000 census:

Primary sector (agriculture and forestry) - 15%
Secondary sector (manufacturing and construction) - 49%
Tertiary sector (services) - 36%

Transportation

Railways

Kaneyama has no train station of its own. The nearest Shinkansen station is in neighbouring Shinjō.

Major roads

Local attractions

Isabella Bird Memorial

British explorer Isabella Bird mentioned Kaneyama favourably in her account of her 1878 travels in Japan, Unbeaten Tracks in Japan:

"After leaving Shinjō this morning we crossed over a steep ridge into a singular basin of great beauty, with a semi-circle of pyramidal hills, rendered more striking by being covered to their summits with pyramidal cryptomeria, and apparently blocking all northward progress. At their feet lies Kanayama in a romantic situation, and, though I arrived as early as noon, I am staying for a day or two, for my room at the Transport Office is cheerful and pleasant, the agent is most polite, a very rough region lies before me, and Ito has secured a chicken for the first time since leaving Nikkō!"[3]

A monument commemorating Isabella Bird can be seen in the town centre.[4]

Notable people from Kaneyama

References

  1. ^ http://www.town.kaneyama.yamagata.jp/kanko/best-view/entry-486.html
  2. ^ "Natural Parks of Yamagata Prefecture" (PDF). Yamagata Prefecture. Retrieved 5 February 2012. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Bird, Isabella, Unbeaten Tracks in Japan, Japan & Stuff Press, 2006, p. 160
  4. ^ http://www.town.kaneyama.yamagata.jp/kanko/best-view/entry-476.html

External links

  • Official website (in Japanese)
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