Tsushima, Nagasaki

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Tsushima
対馬市
City
Tsushima City Hall
Tsushima City Hall
Flag of Tsushima
Flag
Official seal of Tsushima
Symbol
Location of Tsushima in Nagasaki Prefecture
Location of Tsushima in Nagasaki Prefecture
Tsushima is located in Japan
Tsushima
Tsushima
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°12′N 129°17′E / 34.200°N 129.283°E / 34.200; 129.283Coordinates: 34°12′N 129°17′E / 34.200°N 129.283°E / 34.200; 129.283
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Nagasaki Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Takarabe Yasunari
Area
 • Total 708.61 km2 (273.60 sq mi)
Population (March 31, 2017)
 • Total 31,550
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Chionanthus retusus
 • Flower Azalea
 • Bird Ring-necked pheasant
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Website www.city.tsushima.nagasaki.jp

Tsushima (対馬市, Tsushima-shi) is a city located in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It is the only city of Tsushima Subprefecture and it encompasses all of Tsushima Island Archipelago, which lies in the Tsushima Strait north of Nagasaki on the western side of Kyushu, the southernmost mainland island of Japan.

As of March 2017, the city has an estimated population of 31,550[1] and a population density of 45 persons per km2. Its total area is 708.61 km2, 17.3% of the area of Nagasaki Prefecture.

History

An Imperial decree in July 1899 established Izuhara, Sasuna and Shishimi as open ports for trading with the United States and the United Kingdom.[2]

On April 1, 1975, Toyotama Village was promoted to the status of a town. Mine Village was also elevated to the status of a town in the following year.

The modern city of Tsushima was established on March 1, 2004, from the merger of six towns on Tsushima Island: Izuhara, Mitsushima and Toyotama (all from Shimoagata District), and Mine, Kamiagata and Kamitsushima (all from Kamiagata District). Both districts were dissolved as a result of this merger.

Geography

The city of Tsushima is located on Tsushima Island and other small neighbouring islands, lying slightly to the west side of Tsushima Strait, south of the Sea of Japan and north-east of the East China Sea. The island also lies between the Korean Peninsula and the Japanese mainland. Its coastline has a total length of 915 km. Aso Bay, a prominent bay with a rias coastline, is located between the islands. Tsushima lies about 60 km from Iki, 138 km from the city of Fukuoka, and 49.5 km from Busan, South Korea.

BusanDaemado.png

Islands

Several other islands encompass Tsushima city, in addition to Kamino-shima and Shimono-shima, both of which makes up the Tsushima Island(s):

  • Santsu-jima (三ッ島)
  • Shimayama-jima[3] (島山島)

Flora and fauna

Tsushima cat

Native to the island is the Tsushima cat. Present on the islands since ancient times, its numbers have decreased sharply, and it is now listed as an endangered species. As of 2009, it was estimated that only 80 to 100 animals remain.

Climate

Tsushima has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is much heavier in summer than in winter.

Climate data for Izuhara/Tsushima, Nagasaki
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
9.4
(48.9)
12.8
(55)
17.3
(63.1)
21.4
(70.5)
23.9
(75)
27.7
(81.9)
29.3
(84.7)
25.9
(78.6)
21.7
(71.1)
16.5
(61.7)
11.5
(52.7)
18.84
(65.91)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.5
(41.9)
8.7
(47.7)
13.3
(55.9)
17.3
(63.1)
20.5
(68.9)
24.8
(76.6)
26.2
(79.2)
22.5
(72.5)
17.6
(63.7)
12.2
(54)
7.2
(45)
15.04
(59.08)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
1.8
(35.2)
4.7
(40.5)
9.4
(48.9)
13.3
(55.9)
17.4
(63.3)
22.3
(72.1)
23.5
(74.3)
19.6
(67.3)
13.9
(57)
8.3
(46.9)
3.2
(37.8)
11.53
(52.75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 75.5
(2.972)
92.7
(3.65)
131.2
(5.165)
209.9
(8.264)
199.3
(7.846)
317.7
(12.508)
342.7
(13.492)
242.5
(9.547)
251.0
(9.882)
115.5
(4.547)
106.4
(4.189)
54.7
(2.154)
2,139.1
(84.216)
Average relative humidity (%) 62 64 66 72 74 82 85 82 78 71 68 65 72.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 135.6 125.8 164.6 160.1 186.2 134.9 134.3 175.8 127.0 159.6 142.9 141.7 1,788.5
Source: NOAA (1961-1990)[4]

Demographics and culture

The population of Tsushima Island has been decreasing significantly. Between the years of 1995 and 2000, the decline was 5.2%.[5] As nuclear families replace the traditional extended families, the average household is smaller, as is the total population.[5] The elderly comprise nearly a quarter of the population here, compared to 20.8% of the Nagasaki Prefecture as a whole, and 17.3% of the population of Japan.[5]

Religious traditions on Tsushima Island mirror those of the rest of Japan, with a majority of the population adhering to Buddhism or Shinto.

Years 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000
Total Population 52,472 50,810 48,875 46,064 43,513 41,230
Age 0-14 14,449 12,845 11,615 10,050 8,352 6,834
Age 15-64 33,028 32,528 31,376 29,264 27,145 25,001
Age 65 & older 4,995 5,437 5,884 6,735 8,016 9,395
Households 14,760 15,176 15,232 15,164 15,169 15,038

[5]

Economy

Tsushima is ideally located for fishing, and many Tsushima residents are employed as fishermen. It is also famous for its pearl culture. The natural beauty of the Tsushima Islands ensures there is much to see and the tourism industry is quite substantial. Beaches are crowded with tourists in the summer.

Harbor in Tsushima (1990)

Tourism

Tsushima Island is known for its wildlife. Tsushima offers adventure packages catering primarily to South Koreans. These are generally guided adventure tours consisting of hiking and fishing. Vacation packages are generally booked through South Korean tour agencies. Local English speakers are extremely rare in Tsushima. However, some hotels offer a telephone English translating service. The port town of Izuhara, the point of debarkation for boats arriving from Busan, South Korea, consists of a handful of modern hotels and restaurants. Seafood is plentiful, prices relatively low, and most restaurants keep their supplies submerged in the ocean within netted cages.[citation needed]

Transportation

Airport

Seaport

Tsushima has two sea ports, Izuhara and Hitakatsu. Ferries cross to the port of Hakata on Kyūshū a few times per day. Ferries also travel a few times a week to Busan in South Korea.

Sister cities

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Official website of Tsushima City" (in Japanese). Japan: Tsushima City. Retrieved 25 April 2017. 
  2. ^ US Department of State. (1906). A digest of international law as embodied in diplomatic discussions, treaties and other international agreements (John Bassett Moore, ed.), Vol. 5, p. 759.
  3. ^ List of Japanese Islands
  4. ^ "Izuhara Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d Info on Tsushima Shi

External links

  • Tsushima City English Webpage
  • A Profile of Tsushima city

Japanese

  • Map of Tsushima, general overview
  • Tsushima's Statistics
  • Tsushima Airport
  • Old pictures of Tsushima
  • Tsushima Tourist and Product Society

Korean

  • Tsushima Tourist and Product Society
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