Kamala Harris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kamala Harris
Kamala Harris Official Attorney General Photo.jpg
United States Senator
from California
Assumed office
January 3, 2017
Serving with Dianne Feinstein
Preceded by Barbara Boxer
32nd Attorney General of California
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2017
Governor Jerry Brown
Preceded by Jerry Brown
Succeeded by Xavier Becerra
District Attorney of San Francisco
In office
January 8, 2004 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Terence Hallinan
Succeeded by George Gascón
Personal details
Born Kamala Devi Harris
(1964-10-20) October 20, 1964 (age 52)
Oakland, California, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Douglas Emhoff (m. 2014)
Relatives Maya Harris (sister)
Education Howard University (BA)
University of California, Hastings (JD)
Website Senate website

Kamala Devi Harris (/ˈkɑːmələ/, KAH-muh-luh;[1] born October 20, 1964) is an American attorney and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, she currently serves as the junior senator from California. She previously served as the 32nd Attorney General of California.

Harris graduated from Howard University and UC Hastings. After working in the San Francisco District Attorney's office and City Attorney's office, she was elected District Attorney of San Francisco in 2003 and held that position until 2011. Harris was elected California's Attorney General in 2010, and re-elected in 2014.[2][3]

On November 8, 2016, she defeated Loretta Sanchez in the 2016 U.S. Senate election to replace outgoing Democratic senator Barbara Boxer, becoming the first United States Senator of Jamaican and Indian descent.[4][5] As a senator, she has generally opposed President Donald Trump's policies.[6]

Harris has been described in the media as a potential presidential candidate in 2020.[7][8]

Early life and education

Kamala Devi Harris was born on October 20, 1964 in Oakland, California. She is the daughter of a Tamil Indian mother, Shyamala Gopalan Harris (1938–2009), and a Jamaican father, Donald Harris. Her mother was a prominent breast cancer researcher, who emigrated from Chennai, India, in 1960,[9][10] and her father a Stanford University economics professor, who emigrated from Jamaica in 1961 for graduate study in economics at University of California, Berkeley.[15] Her name, Kamalā, is feminization of the Sanskrit word Kamal (Lotus Flower / Nelumbo nucifera) that means "She of the Lotus", another name of Lakshmi, the Hindu Goddess of prosperity whose seat is a lotus flower. She was extremely close to her maternal grandfather, Rajam Gopalan, an Indian diplomat,[10] and as a child she frequently visited her family in Besant Nagar, in Chennai, India.[16] She has one younger sister, Maya, a lawyer and public policy advocate, who married Tony West, a former Associate Attorney General of the United States.[17]

The family lived in Berkeley, California, where both of Kamala's parents attended graduate school.[18] The family lived in a predominantly African-American neighborhood where the girls sang in a Baptist choir.[14] They also introduced their daughters to civil rights protests, which were common during that time in Berkeley.[18] Kamala's parents divorced when she was 7 and her mother was granted custody of the children.[18] After the divorce, her mother moved with the children to Montreal, Quebec, Canada, where Shyamala took a position doing research at the Jewish General Hospital and teaching at McGill University.[19][20]

After graduating from Montreal's Westmount High School in Quebec, Harris attended Howard University in Washington, D.C., where she majored in political science and economics.[21][22] At Howard, Harris was elected to the liberal arts student council as freshman class representative, a member of the debate team, and joined the Alpha Chapter of Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority.[21]

Harris then returned to California, earning her Juris Doctor (J.D.) from University of California, Hastings College of the Law, in 1989.[23] Harris failed the California bar exam her first time, later saying, "it's not a measure of your capacity."[14] She was admitted to the State Bar of California in 1990.[24]

Early career

Harris (back, second from the left) celebrating the 90th anniversary of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Harris served as a deputy district attorney in Alameda County, California, from 1990 to 1998. Harris says she sought a career in law enforcement because she wanted to be "at the table where decisions are made."[14] After 1998, while Willie Brown was San Francisco's mayor, she became managing attorney of the Career Criminal Unit in the San Francisco District Attorney's Office. In 2000, San Francisco City Attorney Louise Renne recruited Harris to join her office, where she was chief of the Community and Neighborhood Division, which oversees civil code enforcement matters.[25] Recognized by The Los Angeles Daily Journal as one of the top 100 lawyers in California, she served on the board of the California District Attorney's Association and was vice president of the National District Attorneys Association.[26]

District Attorney of the City and County of San Francisco

After the Fajitagate scandal, Harris defeated two-term incumbent Terence Hallinan in the 2003 election to become District Attorney of the City and County of San Francisco.[27]

In April 2004, San Francisco Police Department Officer Isaac Espinoza was shot and killed in the line of duty.[14] Three days later D.A. Harris announced she would not seek the death penalty, infuriating the San Francisco Police Officers Association.[14] During Officer Espinoza's funeral at St. Mary's Cathedral U.S. Senator and former San Francisco mayor Dianne Feinstein rose to the pulpit and called on Harris, who was sitting in the front pew, to secure the death penalty, prompting a standing ovation from the 2,000 uniformed police officers in attendance.[14] Harris still refused.[14] Officer Espinoza's killer was convicted of the murder and sentenced to life in prison.[14]

As D.A., Harris started a program that gives first-time drug dealers the chance to earn a high school diploma and find employment.[14] Over eight years the program produced fewer than 300 graduates, but achieved a very low recidivism rate.[14] She was re-elected when she ran unopposed, in 2007.[28]

In 2009, Harris wrote Smart on Crime: A Career Prosecutor's Plan to Make Us Safer,[29] in which she looked at criminal justice from an economic perspective and attempted to reduce temptation and access for criminals.[30] The book discusses a series of "myths" surrounding the criminal justice system, and presents proposals to reduce and prevent crime.[30]

She has been outspoken on the need for innovation in public safety, particularly with respect to reducing the recidivism rate in San Francisco.[31] One such program, "Back on Track", was signed into law by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger as a model program for the state.[32][33] Initially, there were issues with removing illegal immigrants from the program, such as an incident involving Alexander Izaguirre, who was later arrested for assault.[34] The program was revised to address that concern, barring anyone who could not legally be employed in the United States.[35]

Violent crimes, felons, incarceration, and conviction rate

While Harris was the San Francisco District Attorney, the overall felony conviction rate rose from 52% in 2003 to 67% in 2006, the highest in a decade; there was an 85% conviction rate for homicides, and convictions of drug dealers increased from 56% in 2003 to 74% in 2006.[36] While these statistics represent only trial convictions, she also closed many cases via plea bargains.[37] When she took office, she took a special interest in clearing part of the murder caseload from the previous administration. Harris claimed that the records were less than optimal from the previous administration, and worked to get convictions on what she could. That meant that out of the 73 homicide cases backlogged, 32 cases took deals for lesser charges such as manslaughter or took pleas to other crimes such as assault or burglary while the murder charges were dismissed.[38]

However, critics argue that San Francisco sends fewer people to jail per arrest than other counties throughout the state. The San Francisco DA's incarceration rates were among the lowest in the entire state of California—fully ten times lower than in San Diego County, for example. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, "roughly 4 of every 100 arrests resulted in prison terms in San Francisco, compared with 12.8 out of 100 in Alameda County, 14.4 of 100 in Sacramento County, 21 of 100 in San Mateo and Santa Clara counties, 26.6 of 100 in Fresno County, 38.7 of 100 in Los Angeles County and 41 of 100 in San Diego County."[39] Police also noted that lenient sentencing from San Francisco judges also played a role in this.[39]

While officers within the SFPD credited Harris with tightening loopholes in bail and drug programs that defendants had exploited in the past, they also accused her of being too deliberate in her prosecution of murder suspects.[40] Additionally, in 2009 San Francisco prosecutors won a lower percentage of their felony jury trials than their counterparts at district attorneys' offices covering the 10 largest cities in California, according to data on case outcomes compiled by officials at the San Francisco Superior Court as well as by other county courts and prosecutors. (Officials in Sacramento, the sixth-largest city in California, did not provide data.) Harris's at-trial felony conviction rate that year was 76%, down 12 points from the previous year. By contrast, the then-most recent recorded statewide average was 83%, according to statistics from the California Judicial Council.[41] In a small sample, a report computed that the conviction rate for felony trials in San Francisco County in the first three months of 2010 was just 53%.[41] San Francisco has historically had one of the lowest conviction rates in the state; the county is known for a defendant-friendly jury pool.[42][41]

In 2012, Superior Court Judge Anne-Christine Massullo ruled that San Francisco District Attorney Harris' office violated defendants' rights by hiding damaging information about a police crime lab technician, and was indifferent to demands that it account for its failings.[43]

Hate crimes and civil rights

Harris created a special Hate Crimes Unit as San Francisco District Attorney. She focused on hate crimes against LGBT children and teens in schools. She convened a national conference to confront the "gay-transgender panic defense", which has been used to justify violent hate crimes.[44] Harris supports same-sex marriage in California and opposed both Proposition 22 and Proposition 8.[45]

In 2004, The National Urban League honored Harris as a "Woman of Power", and she received the Thurgood Marshall Award from the National Black Prosecutors Association in 2005. In her campaign for California Attorney General, she received the endorsements of numerous groups, including EMILY's List, California Legislative Black Caucus, Asian American Action Fund, Black Women Organized for Political Action, the National Women's Political Caucus, Mexican American Bar Association, and South Asians for Opportunity.[46]

Attorney General of California

2010 election

Harris speaking at a US Department of Justice event

On November 12, 2008, Harris announced her candidacy for California Attorney General. Both of California's United States Senators, Dianne Feinstein and Barbara Boxer, as well as House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, endorsed Harris during the Democratic Party primary.[47] In the primary, she faced Chris Kelly, former Chief Privacy Officer of Facebook; Assemblyman Alberto Torrico; Assemblyman and former military prosecutor Ted Lieu; Assemblyman Pedro Nava; Rocky Delgadillo, former City Attorney of Los Angeles; and Mike Schmier.[48][citation needed] In the June 8, 2010, primary, she was nominated with 33.6% of the vote. Her closest competitors, Torrico and Kelly, had 15.6% and 15.5% respectively.[48][49]

In her campaign for California Attorney General, Harris received the endorsements of United Farm Workers cofounder Dolores Huerta, United Educators of San Francisco, and San Francisco Firefighters Local 798.[46] She also received the endorsement of Antonio Villaraigosa, Mayor of Los Angeles.[50] In the general election, she faced Los Angeles County District Attorney Steve Cooley. On election night, November 2, 2010, Cooley prematurely declared victory, but many ballots remained uncounted. On November 24, as the count advanced, Harris was leading by more than 55,000 votes, and Cooley conceded.[51] On January 3, 2011, Harris became the first female,[26] African American,[50][52] and Indian American attorney general in California.[53][54]

In 2012, she sent a letter to 100 mobile app developers asking them to comply with California law with respect to privacy issues.[55] If any developer of an application that could be used by a Californian does not display a privacy policy statement when the application is installed, California law is broken, with a possible fine $2500 for every download. The law affects any developer anywhere in the world if the app is used by a Californian.[56]

At the 2012 Democratic National Convention Harris gave a prime-time speech attacking Mitt Romney.[14] During the second Obama administration, Harris was mentioned as a possible nominee for a seat on the United States Supreme Court if a seat on that court became vacant.[57] In February 2016, The New York Times identified her as a potential US Supreme Court nominee to replace Justice Antonin Scalia.[58]

2014 election

Harris right, with her sister, Maya, at San Francisco City Hall in February 2014.

Harris announced her intention to run for re-election in February 2014, and filed paperwork to run on February 12. According to the office of California Secretary of State Debra Bowen, Harris had raised the money for her campaign during the previous year in 2013.[59] On August 13, 2014, she announced her endorsement of Betty Yee for California State Controller, called her one of the state's "most knowledgeable and responsible money managers," and said she was proud to endorse her. Yee, in return, sang Harris's praises and called her an "outstanding elected leader."[60] Harris also endorsed Bonnie Dumanis[61] and Sandra Fluke.[62] Harris herself was endorsed by The Sacramento Bee,[63] Los Angeles Daily News,[64] and The Los Angeles Times.[65]

On November 4, 2014, Harris was re-elected against Republican Ronald Gold.[66]

In September 2014, when US Attorney General Eric Holder announced his intention to step down, Harris was speculated as being a potential candidate as the next US Attorney General.[67] Harris addressed the speculation in a statement, days after Holder's resignation, declining an intent to take the office and asserted she was staying in her position as Attorney General of California.[68] Two months later, in November 2014, President Barack Obama nominated Loretta Lynch to succeed Holder.[69] On November 10, Harris issued a statement regarding the nomination that approved of Obama's decision, praised Lynch, and reaffirmed her choice to remain working with the California Department of Justice.[70]

Tenure as California Attorney General

Housing

When Harris took office, California was still reeling from the effects of the subprime mortgage crisis. Harris participated in the National Mortgage Settlement against five banks: Ally Financial, Wells Fargo, Bank of America, Citibank, and Chase. She originally walked off the talks because she believed the deal was too lenient. She later rejoined the talks, securing $12 billion of debt reduction for the state's homeowners and $26 billion overall.[71] Other parts of the funding would go to state housing counseling services and legal help for struggling homeowners and forgiving the debt of over 23,000 homeowners who agreed to sell their homes for less than the mortgage loan.[72]

Later, she introduced the California Homeowner's Bill of Rights in the California State Legislature, a package of several bills that would give homeowners more "options when fighting to keep their home". The Bill, which took effect on January 1, 2013, banned the practices of "dual-tracking" (processing a modification and foreclosure at the same time) and robo-signing, and provided homeowners with a single point of contact at their lending institution. It also gave the California Attorney General more power to investigate and prosecute financial fraud and to convene special grand juries to prosecute multi-county crimes instead of prosecuting a single crime county-by-county.[73][74] The Sacramento Bee reported on one of the first cases of a homeowner using the bill to stop Bank of America from foreclosing on his home.[75]

Prison conditions and sentencing reform

After the United States Supreme Court in Brown v. Plata (2011) declared California's prisons so overcrowded they inflicted cruel and unusual punishment, Harris fought federal court supervision, explaining "I have a client, and I don't get to choose my client."[14] After California failed to fully implement the court's order to reduce crowding, and was ordered to implement new parole programs, lawyers for Kamala Harris appealed the decision on grounds that if forced to release these inmates early, prisons would lose an important labor pool[76]

Harris refused to take any position on criminal sentencing-reform initiatives California Proposition 36, 2012 and California Proposition 47 (2014), arguing it would be improper because her office prepares the ballot booklets.[14] Former California Attorney General John Van de Kamp considered her explanation "baloney."[14]

Daniel Larsen case

On August 24, 2012, the Los Angeles Times published an editorial calling on Harris to release Daniel Larsen from prison.[77] Larsen, who was sentenced to 28 years to life under California's three strikes laws for possession of a concealed weapon in 1999, was declared "actually innocent" by a federal judge in 2009 and ordered released. Evidence in favor of Larsen included that of a former chief of police and the actual owner of the knife; Larsen's original lawyer, who failed to call a single witness, has since been disbarred.[78] Larsen remained in prison because Harris's office objected to his release on the grounds that he missed the deadline to file his writ of habeas corpus. The California Innocence Project, which had taken up Larsen's case, said this amounted to a paperwork technicality. The Times editorial stated that if Harris was not willing to release Larsen, Governor Jerry Brown should pardon him. In March 2013, Larsen was released on bond with the case on appeal by order of Attorney General Harris "on technical grounds".[78] In September 2013, the Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals upheld the ruling, and on January 27, 2014, the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office dismissed the charge.[79]

Michelle-Lael Norsworthy case

In February 2014, Michelle-Lael Norsworthy, a transgender woman incarcerated at California's Mule Creek State Prison, filed a federal lawsuit based on the state's failure to provide her with what she argued was medically necessary sex reassignment surgery (SRS).[80] In April 2015, a federal judge ordered the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) to provide Norsworthy with SRS, finding that prison officials had been "deliberately indifferent to her serious medical need."[81][82] California Attorney General Kamala Harris, representing CDCR, challenged the order in the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals.[83] Harris argued that "Norsworthy has been receiving hormone therapy for her gender dysphoria since 2000, and continues to receive hormone therapy and other forms of treatment" and that "there is no evidence that Norsworthy is in serious, immediate physical or emotional danger."[84]

In August 2015, while the state's appeal was pending, Norsworthy was released on parole, obviating the state's duty to provide her with inmate medical care.[85] AG Harris maintained that the parole review process was independent of Norsworthy's legal case against CDCR.[86] The appeals court, though, was unconvinced. "Before Norsworthy filed this suit," the court commented, "a panel of the parole board had on several prior occasions denied her parole. … Four months after Norsworthy filed this suit in February 2014, however, the parole board decided to advance the date of her next parole hearing. … [On May 21] Norsworthy finally had a parole hearing, at which point a parole board panel approved her application." The court concluded that "these coincidences indicate that there is at least some chance that defendants influenced the parole process."[87]

County prosecutors' misconduct

In 2015, Harris defended convictions obtained by county prosecutors who had inserted a false confession into an interrogation transcript, committed perjury, and withheld evidence.[14] Federal appeals court Judge Alex Kozinski threw out the convictions, telling Harris's lawyers, "Talk to the attorney general and make sure she understands the gravity of the situation."[14]

In March 2015 a California superior courts judge ordered Harris to take over a criminal case after Orange County, California District Attorney Tony Rackauckas was revealed to have illegally employed jailhouse informants and concealed evidence.[14] Harris refused, appealing the order and defending Rackauckas.[14]

Harris appealed the dismissal of an indictment when it was discovered a Kern County, California prosecutor perjured in submitting a falsified confession as court evidence. Harris asserted that prosecutorial perjury was not sufficient to demonstrate prosecutorial misconduct. In the case,[88] Harris argued that only abject physical brutality would warrant a finding of prosecutorial misconduct and the dismissal of an indictment, and that perjury was not sufficient.[89]

Bureau of Children's Justice

On February 12, 2015, Harris announced that she would start a new agency called the Bureau of Children's Justice. The bureau would work on issues such as foster care, the juvenile justice system, school truancy, and childhood trauma. Harris appointed special assistant attorney general Jill Habig to head the agency.[90]

Mitrice Richardson case

In February 2016 it was revealed that the Attorney General would open a criminal investigation into the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department handling of the Mitrice Richardson case. The decision by Attorney General Kamala Harris came about after her initial refusal to look into the case[91][92] resulted in public outcry and the Richardson's family and supporters submitting over 500 pages of evidence.[91] Mitrice Richardson was a 24-year old African American woman who was released from the Los Angeles County Sheriff Department in the middle of the night without any means of fending for herself. Her body was later found in isolated canyon, leaving the family with many unanswered questions.[93] On December 30, 2016, results of the criminal investigation into the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department handling of the Mitrice Richardson case concluded that there was insufficient evidence to support criminal prosecution of anyone involved in the handling of the case.[94]

Backpage cases

On October 6, 2016, Kamala Harris announced the arrest of Backpage CEO Carl Ferrer on felony charges of pimping a minor, pimping, and conspiracy to commit pimping. The arrest warrant alleged that 99% of Backpage's revenue was directly attributable to prostitution-related ads, many of which involved victims of sex trafficking, including children under the age of 18.[95]

A range of observers immediately criticized the arrests, including writers Mike Masnick at Techdirt and Elizabeth Nolan Brown at Reason.com.[96] Masnick asserted that the arrests were in contradiction to Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act and the First Amendment rights of Backpage as upheld in numerous court decisions.[97][98]

On December 9, 2016, a superior court judge dismissed all charges in the complaint.[99] On December 23, 2016, AG Harris filed new charges against Ferrer and former Backpage owners Mike Lacey and Jim Larkin for pimping and money laundering.[100] In January 2017, Backpage announced that it was removing its adult section from all of its sites in the United States due to many years of continuing acts of harassment and extralegal tactics.[101][102]

Civil Forfeiture

Harris has supported civil forfeiture laws throughout her career. In 2013, her office used civil forfeiture laws against conservative political groups the Center to Protect Patient Rights and Americans for Responsible Leadership for unlawful campaign contributions.[103] In 2011, she fought a California bill that would have reduced civil asset forfeiture.[104] In 2015, she supported a bill to expand asset forfeiture to fight drug gangs.[105]

U.S. Senate

Harris campaign logo during the United States Senate election in California, 2016

2016 election

After Democratic United States Senator Barbara Boxer announced that she intended to retire from the United States Senate at the end of her term in 2016, after which she would have been California's junior senator for 24 years, Harris was the first candidate to declare her intention to run for Boxer's Senate seat. Media outlets reported that Harris would run for Senate on the same day that Gavin Newsom, California's lieutenant governor and a close political ally of Harris, announced he would not seek to succeed Boxer.[106] She officially announced the launch of her campaign on January 13, 2015.[107]

After holding a flurry of fundraisers in both California and Washington, D.C., Harris was reported to have raised $2.5 million for her campaign.[108] In December, the National Journal released a story describing Harris' use of funds on hotels, the laying off of campaign staff and the inordinate totals, which had contributed to her money on hand being closer to that of another candidate, Loretta Sanchez, who had $1.6 million.[109][110]

Harris was a frontrunner from the beginning of her campaign. In January 2015, weeks after Harris announced her campaign, a survey by Public Policy Polling showed Harris leading by 41% to former Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa's 16%, who was seen as a potential candidate.[111] In May, a Field Poll was released, showing that although 58% of likely voters did not have a favored candidate, Harris was most preferred out of the field, with 19%.[112] October saw the release of a Field Poll with Harris at 30%, fellow Democratic candidate Loretta Sanchez in second place at 17%, the former having increased her support by 11% since the Field Poll in May despite being noted by The Sacramento Bee as not being active in campaigning since appearing at the California Democratic Party's convention.[113]

In late February 2016, the California Democratic Party voted at its state convention to endorse Harris, who received 78% of the vote, 18% more than the 60% needed to secure the endorsement.[114][115] The party endorsement did not secure any candidate a place in the general election, as all candidates would participate in one primary election in June with the top 2 candidates from any party would advance to the general election.[115] Harris participated in debates with the other major candidates for the seat, her front-runner status causing her to be at the center of discussion.[116][117] Governor Jerry Brown endorsed Harris on May 23.[118] Harris came in first place on primary day, June 7, with 40% of the votes, entering runoff with fellow Democratic candidate Loretta Sanchez.[119] On July 19, President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden endorsed Harris.[120]

In the June 2016 primary election, with results detailed at the county level, Harris won 48 of 58 counties. Harris won seven counties with more than 50% of the vote: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. The highest percentage was San Francisco, with 70.4% of the vote.[121][122] She faced Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez, also a Democrat, in the general election. This assured that the seat would stay in Democratic hands; it was the first time a Republican did not appear in a general election for the Senate since California began directly electing Senators in 1914.[123]

In the November 2016 election, Harris defeated Sanchez with 62 percent of the vote, carrying all but four counties.[124] Following her victory, Harris promised to protect immigrants from the policies of President-elect Donald Trump.[125]

Following her election to the United States Senate, Harris announced her intention to remain California's Attorney General through the end of 2016 and resign shortly before being sworn in as Senator on January 3, 2017.[126] Governor Jerry Brown announced his intention to nominate Congressman Xavier Becerra as her successor.[127]

In November 2016, Mother Jones magazine named Harris as one of "11 Democrats Who Could Defeat President Trump in 2020".[128]

Tenure

On January 21, 2017, a day after President Trump was sworn into office, Harris called the message of Trump's inaugural address "dark" when speaking during the Women's March on Washington.[129] On January 28, following Trump signing the Protection Of The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States executive order which saw terror-prone countries' denizens barred from entering the US for 90 days, Harris dubbed it a "Muslim ban".[130] In early February, Harris spoke in opposition to Trump's cabinet picks Betsy DeVos, for Secretary of Education,[131] and Jeff Sessions, for United States Attorney General.[132] Later that month, in her first speech on the senate floor, Harris spent 12 minutes critiquing Trump's immigration policies.[133] In early March, Harris called on Attorney General Sessions to resign, after it was reported that Sessions spoke twice with Russian Ambassador to the United States Sergey Kislyak.[134] On March 14, Harris claimed repealing the Affordable Care Act would send the message of health care being a "privilege" rather than a "civil right".[135]

In a May 2017 interview, Harris criticized Republican representative Raul Labrador for saying that no one dies due to lack of access to health care.[136]

On June 7, 2017, Harris garnered media attention for her questioning of Rod Rosenstein, the Deputy Attorney General, over the role he played in the May 2017 firing of James Comey, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.[137] The prosecutorial nature of her questioning caused Senator John McCain, an ex officio member of the Intelligence Committee, and Senator Richard Burr, the committee chairman, to interrupt Harris and request that she be more respectful of the witness;[138] other Democrats on the committee pointed out that they had asked similarly tough questions, but had not been interrupted.[138] On June 13, Harris questioned Jeff Sessions, the Attorney General, on the same topic;[139] Harris was again interrupted by McCain and Burr.[140] Sessions stated that Harris' mode of questioning "makes me nervous";[140] other Democratic members of the committee again pointed out that Harris was the only senator whose questioning was interrupted with an admonishment from the chairman.[140] Burr's singling out of Harris sparked suggestion in the news media that his behavior was sexist, with commentators arguing that Burr would not treat a male Senate colleague in a similar manner.[141] Other commentators suggested that treating Harris differently than other members of the Intelligence Committee is evidence of racism.[142] In addition, when CNN pundit Jason Miller described Harris as "hysterical", Kirsten Powers, who was taking part in the same on air segment, told Miller that his use of the term to describe Harris was sexist, and that he would not describe male Senators in the same manner.[143]

On June 14, 2017, Harris and fellow Democratic Senators Heidi Heitkamp, Maggie Hassan and Claire McCaskill appeared to ignore Ayaan Hirsi Ali and Asra Nomani when they testified about Islamism and Muslim extremism at a hearing of the U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.[144] This caused Ali and Nomani to respond through a New York Times editorial, in which they asked when female senators would include Muslim women in the debate about women's rights (Ali being atheist herself).[145]. Though some have claimed that was due to cultural misunderstanding and that Harris did not participate in the questioning because she believed the GOP were using Ali and Nomani in an attempt to further stigmatize Islam in a transparent attempt to Garner support for President Trump's Muslim travel ban, so Harris and the others were being silent as they did not want to add to the narrative of Islamaphobia that the Republicans were attempting to present. [146].

Committee assignments

Source: Los Angeles Times

Caucus memberships

Political positions

Abortion

Prior to joining the United States Senate, Harris had a 100 percent rating from pro-choice group NARAL.[147] In 2016, after hidden-camera videos were released accusing healthcare provider Planned Parenthood of illegally selling fetal tissue, Kamala Harris authorized the seizure of an anti-abortion activist's laptop, ID cards, and some other property.[147][148][clarification needed]

Death penalty

Harris is opposed to the death penalty, but has said that she would review each case individually.[149] Her position was tested in April 2004, when SFPD Officer Isaac Espinoza was murdered in the Bayview district. Harris announced that she would not seek the death penalty for the man accused of his killing. The decision evoked protests from the San Francisco Police Officers Association, Senator Dianne Feinstein, and others.[14] Those who supported her decision not to seek the death penalty included San Francisco Supervisors Tom Ammiano and Sophie Maxwell, in whose district the murder occurred.[150] The jury found the convicted killer, David Hill, guilty of second-degree murder, although the prosecutor, Harry Dorfman, had sought a first-degree murder conviction.[151] The defense had argued that Hill thought Espinoza was a member of a rival gang, and that the murder was not premeditated. Hill was given the maximum sentence for the conviction, life without the possibility of parole.[151]

Harris's position against the death penalty was tested again in the case of Edwin Ramos, an illegal immigrant and alleged MS-13 gang member who was accused of murdering Tony Bologna and his sons Michael and Matthew.[34] On September 10, 2009, Harris announced she would seek life in prison without the possibility of parole rather than the death penalty in the Ramos case.[152]

Harris has expressed the belief that life without possibility of parole is a better, and more cost-effective, punishment.[153] According to the California Commission on the Fair Administration of Justice, the death penalty conservatively costs $137 million per year.[154] If the system were changed to life without possibility of parole, the annual costs would be approximately $12 million per year.[154] Harris noted that the resulting surplus could put 1,000 more police officers into service in San Francisco alone.[153]

When in 2014, U.S. District Judge Cormac J. Carney declared capital punishment in California unconstitutional, Harris reviewed the case.[14]

Education

In interviews with Matt Lauer on The Today Show and local KGO-TV, Harris argued for treating "habitual and chronic truancy" among children in elementary school as a crime committed by the parents of truant children. She argues that there is a direct connection between habitual truancy in elementary school and crime later in life.[155][156] She has received the endorsement of the California Federation of Teachers.[46]

Environment

During her time as San Francisco District Attorney, Harris created the Environmental Justice Unit in the San Francisco District Attorney's Office[157] and prosecuted several industries and individuals for pollution, most notably U-Haul, Alameda Publishing Corporation, and the Cosco Busan oil spill. She also advocated for strong enforcement of environmental protection laws.[158]

Financial crimes

Harris has prosecuted numerous financial crimes throughout her career, particularly those affecting elders, those involving use of high technology, and identity theft.[159] While running for attorney general, she said she would crack down on predatory lending and other financial crimes.[160] Despite forming a task force to target predatory loan practices in 2011, only ten cases had been prosecuted as of 2014.[161]

In 2013, Harris did not prosecute Steve Mnuchin's bank OneWest despite "evidence suggestive of widespread misconduct" according to a leaked memo from the Department of Justice.[162] In 2017, Harris said that her office's decision not to prosecute Mnuchin was based on following "the facts and the evidence...like any other case."[163] In 2015, OneWest investor and democratic donor George Soros maximized his campaign donations to Harris.[162] In 2016, Mnuchin himself donated $2,000 to Harris' campaign,[164] making her the only 2016 Senate Democratic candidate to get cash from Mnuchin,[165] but as senator, Harris voted against the confirmation of Mnuchin as treasury secretary.[165][166]

Gun law

Harris has an F rating from the National Rifle Association for her consistent efforts supporting gun control.[167] While serving as district attorney in San Francisco, Harris, along with other district attorneys, filed an amicus brief in District of Columbia v. Heller, arguing that the Washington, D.C., gun law at issue did not violate the Second Amendment.[168] In her second term as district attorney, she said that getting guns off the streets was a priority.[169]

During her run for Senate, she was endorsed by former U.S. Representative Gabrielle Giffords, shot at the 2011 Tucson shooting. She was also endorsed by the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence.[170]

In response to the 2017 Las Vegas Strip shooting, Harris supported the call for more gun control. Believing that thoughts and prayers are inadequate answers to the shooting, she stated that "…we must also commit ourselves to action. Another moment of silence won't suffice."[171]

Health care

On August 30, 2017, Harris announced at a town hall in Oakland that she would co-sponsor fellow Senator Bernie Sanders' "Medicare for All" bill, supporting single-payer healthcare.[172]

Immigration

Harris has expressed support for San Francisco's immigration policy of not inquiring about immigration status in the process of a criminal investigation.[173] Harris argues that it is important that immigrants be able to talk with law enforcement without fear.[174]

Personal life

While she was an Alameda County Deputy District Attorney in the 1990s, she dated Willie Brown, then Speaker of the California State Assembly. They broke up shortly after he was elected Mayor of San Francisco.[175]

On April 7, 2014, Harris announced that she was engaged to be married to California attorney Douglas Emhoff,[176] the partner-in-charge at Venable LLP's Los Angeles office.[177] They married on August 22, 2014, in Santa Barbara, California; she was 49 at the time.[178] Harris's sister is Maya Harris, MSNBC political analyst, and her brother-in-law is Tony West, General Counsel of PepsiCo, Inc. and former U.S. Justice Department senior official. Harris has one niece, as well as two stepchildren, one in college and one in high school.[179]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sam Whiting (May 14, 2009). "Kamala Harris grew up idolizing lawyers". SFGate. Retrieved 2017-07-05. 
  2. ^ "Cooley concedes AG race to Harris". Contra Costa Times. November 24, 2010. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  3. ^ Leonard, Jack (November 24, 2010). "Kamala Harris wins attorney general's race as Steve Cooley concedes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  4. ^ Willon, Phil (November 9, 2016). "Kamala Harris is elected California's new U.S. senator". LA Times. Retrieved November 9, 2016. 
  5. ^ KABC. "Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez finally concedes Senate race to Kamala Harris". abc7.com. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  6. ^ "Senate Dems eyeing 2020 tell Trump ‘hell no’". POLITICO. Retrieved June 27, 2017. 
  7. ^ "President Kamala Harris? She’s making the first moves". sacbee. Retrieved June 27, 2017. 
  8. ^ "11 Democrats who could defeat President Trump in 2020". Mother Jones. Retrieved June 27, 2017. 
  9. ^ ": The New Face of Politics… An Interview with Kamala Harris". DesiClub. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b "Obituary: Dr. Shyamala G. Harris". San Francisco Chronicle. March 22, 2009. Retrieved June 11, 2017. 
  11. ^ "PM Golding congratulates Kamala Harris-daughter of Jamaican - on appointment as California's First Woman Attorney General". Jamaican Information Service. December 2, 2010. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  12. ^ "California Attorney General Kamal Harris marries Douglas Emhof". The American Bazaar. September 2, 2014. 
  13. ^ Staff, CalWatchdog (April 7, 2013). "Why Kamala Harris is probably not thrilled with compliment". CalWatchdog.com. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Emily Bazelon, "Kamala Harris, a ‘Top Cop’ in the Era of Black Lives Matter", The New York Times Magazine, May 25, 2016.
  15. ^ [11][12][13][14]
  16. ^ Sreevatsan, Ajai (November 28, 2010). "California's next A-G, city's pride". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 June 2017. 
  17. ^ "Justice Dept. lawyer Tony West to take over as acting associate attorney general". The Washington Post. February 27, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c "CNN Kamala Harris California profile". Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  19. ^ Sam Whiting (May 14, 2009). "Kamala Harris grew up idolizing lawyers". SFGate. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Brilliant Careers". Super Lawyers. August 1, 2010. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  21. ^ a b Owens, Donna (November 8, 2016). "Meet Kamala Harris, the second Black woman elected to the U.S. Senate". NBC News. Retrieved February 18, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Howard Alumna Becomes First Woman Elected as California Attorney General". Howard University News. December 17, 2010. Archived from the original on January 12, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Kamala Harris ’89 Wins Race for California Attorney General". UC Hastings News Room. November 24, 2010. Archived from the original on November 30, 2010. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  24. ^ California, The State Bar of. "State Bar of CA :: Kamala Devi Harris". members.calbar.ca.gov. Archived from the original on July 13, 2016. Retrieved February 18, 2017. 
  25. ^ "Women's Radio: This DA Makes a Difference For Women". Womensradio.com. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b "Kamala Harris wins Dem nomination for California AG". Z News. June 9, 2010. Retrieved August 19, 2010. 
  27. ^ Martin, Nina (August 2007). "Why Kamala Matters". San Francisco Magazine. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  28. ^ Knight, Heather (November 7, 2007). "Kamala Harris celebrates unopposed bid for district attorney". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Book Review of Smart on Crime". Blogcritics.org. October 10, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  30. ^ a b "Kimberly Marteau Emerson: Smart on Crime Q&A". Huffington Post. November 24, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  31. ^ "San Francisco District Attorney - Reentry". Sfdistrictattorney.org. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Kamala Harris: Finding the Path Back on Track". Huffington Post. November 9, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  33. ^ PST (October 14, 2009). "District Attorney program is now statewide example". Sfexaminer.com. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  34. ^ a b Finnegan, Michael. "San Francisco D.A.'s program trained illegal immigrants for jobs they couldn't legally hold", Los Angeles Times, June 22, 2009.
  35. ^ Willon, Phil (July 6, 2016). "8 things to know about Senate candidate Kamala Harris' career gold stars and demerits". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  36. ^ "Convicting Felons - Kamala Harris". January 3, 2008. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved April 19, 2017. 
  37. ^ Peter Jamison (May 5, 2010). "A Lack of Conviction". SF Weekly. 
  38. ^ Van Derbeken, Jaxon. "Trials and tribulations of Kamala Harris, D.A. / 2 years into term, prosecutor, police have their differences", San Francisco Chronicle, March 20, 2006, p. 4.
  39. ^ a b ITT Night Vision (January 14, 2007). "San Francisco chief calls justice system too lenient". Policeone.com. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  40. ^ Van Derbeken, Jaxon. "Trials and tribulations of Kamala Harris, D.A. / 2 years into term, prosecutor, police have their differences", San Francisco Chronicle, March 20, 2006.
  41. ^ a b c Jamison, Peter. "A Lack of Conviction", SF Weekly, May 5, 2010.
  42. ^ Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, Volume 1 By David Levinson. Books.google.com. March 18, 2002. ISBN 978-0-7619-2258-2. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  43. ^ Van Derbeken, Jaxon (May 21, 2010). "Judge rips Harris' office for hiding problems". SF Gate. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Hate Crimes and Protecting Victims". Kamalaharris.org. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Marriage Equality". Kamalaharris.org. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  46. ^ a b c "Endorsements". Kamalaharris.org. September 24, 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  47. ^ Smith, Ben (December 24, 2010). "Kamala Harris: Democrats' anti-Palin". POLITICO. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  48. ^ a b Statement of Vote June 8, 2010, Direct Primary Election Archived July 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  49. ^ "Newsom And Harris Wins Democratic Nods For Lt Gov, State AG". KTVU. June 8, 2010. Retrieved August 21, 2010. 
  50. ^ a b Rizo, Chris (April 16, 2010). "Villaraigosa eschews local candidates, backs Harris for Calif. attorney general". Legal Newsline. Retrieved August 20, 2010. 
  51. ^ "Kamala Harris wins attorney general's race as Steve Cooley concedes". Los Angeles Times. November 24, 2010. 
  52. ^ Olopade, Dayo (June 9, 2010). "Kamala Harris, the "Female Obama," Wins Primary for California Attorney General". Daily Beast. Retrieved November 3, 2010. 
  53. ^ Martinez, Michael (October 22, 2010). "A 'female Obama' seeks California attorney general post". CNN.
  54. ^ Cabanatuan, Michael (November 3, 2010). "Brown, Boxer, Newsom win; Prop. 19 goes down". San Francisco Chronicle.
  55. ^ "Attorney General Kamala D. Harris Notifies Mobile App Developers of Non-Compliance with California Privacy Law". Retrieved October 31, 2012. 
  56. ^ Iain Thomson (October 31, 2012). "California begins crackdown on mobile app developers". The Register. 
  57. ^ "What Happens To Supreme Court In Obama's Second Term?: The Two-Way". NPR. November 11, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  58. ^ Potential Supreme Court Nominees, The New York Times, February 14, 2016.
  59. ^ Chitnis, Deepak (February 14, 2014). "As Kamala Harris announces bid for re-election, GOP scratching their heads for a candidate to face her". The American Blazer. 
  60. ^ "Attorney General Kamala Harris Endorses Betty Yee". bettyyee.com. August 13, 2014. 
  61. ^ Huard, Christine (March 19, 2014). "Dumanis Gets Endorsement for Re-Election from State Attorney General Kamala Harris". Times of San Diego. 
  62. ^ "Attorney General Kamala Harris endorses Sandra Fluke for South Bay Senate seat". Daily Breeze. October 6, 2014. 
  63. ^ "Endorsement: Attorney General Kamala Harris, all but unchallenged, deserves a second term". The Sacramento Bee. August 25, 2014. 
  64. ^ "Re-elect Kamala Harris as attorney general — but demand more: Endorsement". Los Angeles Daily News. October 3, 2014. 
  65. ^ "For attorney general, Kamala Harris". Los Angeles Times. September 23, 2014. 
  66. ^ "Kamala Harris Re-Elected As California Attorney General". The Huffington Post. November 5, 2014. 
  67. ^ Camia, Catalina (September 25, 2014). "After Eric Holder: Potential attorney general choices". USA Today. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  68. ^ Cadelago, Christopher (September 25, 2014). "California AG Kamala Harris says she's staying put". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  69. ^ "Loretta Lynch, Federal Prosecutor, Will Be Nominated for Attorney General". The New York Times. November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  70. ^ "Attorney General Kamala D. Harris Issues Statement on President Obama's U.S. Attorney General Nomination". Highland Community News. November 10, 2014. 
  71. ^ Parker, Barbara; Rebecca Kaplan (March 5, 2012). "Kamala Harris' foreclosure deal a win for state". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  72. ^ Lazo, Alejandro (May 12, 2012). "Mortgage deal cash is divvied". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  73. ^ "Attorney General Kamala D. Harris Announces Passage of Bills in California Homeowner Bill of Rights Package". California Attorney General. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  74. ^ "How does the California Homeowner Bill of Rights Help You?". ForeclosureHelpSCC. June 4, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  75. ^ Sangree, Hudson (May 23, 2013). "West Sacramento homeowner uses new state law to stop foreclosure". The Sacramento Bee. 
  76. ^ St. John, Paige (14 Novemeber 2014). "Federal judges order California to expand prison releases". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 October 2017.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  77. ^ "Daniel Larsen should be freed from prison, whatever it takes". Los Angeles Times. August 24, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  78. ^ a b Knowles, David (March 19, 2013). "Daniel Larsen, ‘innocent’ California prisoner, freed after 13 years behind bars". NY Daily News. Retrieved January 14, 2015. 
  79. ^ "Daniel Larsen". National Registry of Exonerations. January 27, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2015. 
  80. ^ "Jeffrey B. Norsworthy (a/k/a Michelle-Lael B. Norsworthy), Plaintiff, v. Jeffrey Beard, et al., Defendants". United States District Court, N.D. California, Case No. 14-cv-00695-JST. November 18, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2017. 
  81. ^ Egelko, Bob (February 10, 2017). "Parolee has sex-reassignment surgery after years of battling state". SFGate. Retrieved August 2, 2017. 
  82. ^ "Norswrthy v. Beard et al 14- cv-00695-". Transgender Law Center. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  83. ^ St. John, Paige (May 21, 2015). "Inmate who won order for sex reassignment surgery recommended for parole". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 2, 2017. 
  84. ^ Johnson, Chris (April 10, 2015). "Harris appeals order granting gender reassignment to trans inmate". Washington Blade. Washington Blade. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  85. ^ Barmann, Jay (March 21, 2016). "Former Trans Inmate Michelle-Lael Norsworthy Speaks Out About Her New Transition, To Civilian Life". SFist. Retrieved August 2, 2017. 
  86. ^ Brown, Annie (May 17, 2016). "Michelle's Case". The California Sunday Magazine. Retrieved August 2, 2017. 
  87. ^ "Michelle-Lael Norsworthy v. Jeffrey Beard, 15-15712 (9th Cir. 2015)". Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. October 5, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2017. 
  88. ^ "People v. Velasco-Palacios CA5, F068833". Court Listener. February 24, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  89. ^ "California Prosecutor Falsifies Transcript of Confession". The Observer. March 4, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  90. ^ Heimpel, Daniel (February 28, 2015). "Kamala Harris’ Bureau of Children's Justice Takes Shape". The Chronicle of Social Change. San Francisco, California. Retrieved March 2, 2015. 
  91. ^ a b "California attorney general opens criminal investigation into Sheriff's Department over Mitrice Richardson case". Retrieved 2016-12-13. 
  92. ^ Romero, Dennis (2016-02-16). "She Went Missing From a Sheriff's Station. Now the State Wants Answers". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 2016-12-13. 
  93. ^ "The California Attorney General's Office Finally Agrees to Look Into the Mitrice Richardson Case - Los Angeles Magazine". Los Angeles Magazine. 2016-02-19. Retrieved 2016-12-13. 
  94. ^ "Mitrice Richardson's family speaks out as state says deputies shouldn’t be prosecuted in her death - The Daily News". The Daily News. 2017-01-31. Retrieved 2017-01-31. 
  95. ^ "Attorney General Kamala D. Harris Announces Criminal Charges Against Senior Corporate Officers of Backpage.com for Profiting from Prostitution and Arrest of Carl Ferrer, CEO". State of California - Department of Justice - Kamala D. Harris Attorney General. 2016-10-06. Retrieved 2016-11-21. 
  96. ^ "Here's How Backpage CEO Carl Ferrer Supposedly Profited From Child Sex Trafficking". Reason.com. 2016-10-07. Retrieved 2016-11-21. 
  97. ^ "Details Of Charges Against Backpage Execs For 'Pimping' Look Totally Bogus". Techdirt. Retrieved 2016-11-21. 
  98. ^ "Arrested Backpage Execs Ask Kamala Harris To Drop Bogus Case She Herself Has Admitted She Has No Authority To Bring". Techdirt. Retrieved 2016-11-21. 
  99. ^ California vs Ferrar, et al (Cal. Super December 9, 2016) (“Congress has precluded liability for online publishers for the action of publishing third party speech and thus provided for both a foreclosure from prosecution and an affirmative defense at trial. Congress has spoken on this matter and it is for Congress, not this Court, to revisit.”). Text
  100. ^ "California v. Ferrer" (PDF). 2016-12-23. 
  101. ^ "Backpage.com shuts down adult services ads after relentless pressure from authorities". Washington Post. Washington, DC. Retrieved 2017-01-11. 
  102. ^ "Backpage Kills Adult Ads On The Same Day Supreme Court Backed Its Legal Protections, Due To Grandstanding Senators". Techdirt. Retrieved 2017-01-11. 
  103. ^ https://oag.ca.gov/news/press-releases/attorney-general-kamala-d-harris-announces-1-million-civil-settlement-campaign
  104. ^ http://www.nationalreview.com/article/449668/jeff-sessions-civil-asset-forfeiture-plan-government-sanctioned-stealing
  105. ^ http://www.montereyherald.com/article/NF/20150223/NEWS/150229908
  106. ^ "Kamala Harris to announce U.S. Senate bid Tuesday". CNN. January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 12, 2015. 
  107. ^ Mehta, Seema (January 13, 2015). "Kamala Harris launches U.S. Senate bid, begins raising money". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 13, 2015. 
  108. ^ Cadelago, Christopher (April 6, 2015). "Kamala Harris raises $2.5 million for U.S. Senate run". The Sacramento Bee. 
  109. ^ "California Attorney General Kamala Harris scrutinized for luxury travel, expenses". The Orange County Register. December 14, 2015. 
  110. ^ "Posh Hotels And Pricey Airfare: Meet the Senate Candidate Driving Democrats Crazy". National Journal. December 6, 2015. 
  111. ^ "Internal poll puts Harris well ahead in California Senate race". POLITICO. January 23, 2015. 
  112. ^ Richman, Josh. "Poll: Kamala Harris leads California Senate contenders, except for 'undecided'". San Jose Mercury News. 
  113. ^ "Kamala Harris leads U.S. Senate race, followed by Sanchez, poll shows". The Sacramento Bee. October 8, 2015. 
  114. ^ "Kamala Harris receives California Democratic Party endorsement". The Sacramento Bee. February 27, 2016. 
  115. ^ a b Artz, Matthew (February 27, 2016). "Kamala Harris wins state Democratic Party's endorsement". mercurynews.com. 
  116. ^ Wildermuth, John (May 11, 2016). "In Senate debate, Kamala Harris on the hot seat". SF Gate. 
  117. ^ "Kamala Harris is focus of California's final U.S. Senate debate before primary". Los Angeles Times. May 10, 2016. 
  118. ^ Willon, Phil (May 23, 2016). "California Gov. Jerry Brown backs Kamala Harris for U.S. Senate". 
  119. ^ "Kamala Harris wins U.S. Senate primary". Los Angeles Times. June 7, 2016. 
  120. ^ Willon, Phil (July 19, 2016). "Obama, Biden endorse Kamala Harris for U.S. Senate". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 19, 2016. 
  121. ^ "United States Senator (primary results)" (PDF). California Secretary of State. July 2016. 
  122. ^ Alex Padilla (July 2016). "Presidential Primary Election - Statement of Vote, June 7, 2016". California Secretary of State. 
  123. ^ Myers, John (2016-06-08). "Two Democrats will face off for California's U.S. Senate seat, marking first time a Republican will not be in contention". Los Angeles Times. 
  124. ^ "Live California election results". graphics.latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-09. 
  125. ^ Willon, Phil (November 10, 2016). "Newly elected Kamala Harris vows to defy Trump on immigration". Los Angeles Times. 
  126. ^ Willon, Phil (December 1, 2016). "Essential Politics November archives". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved December 20, 2016. 
  127. ^ "Brown taps Becerra as next state attorney general". ABC7 Los Angeles. December 1, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016. 
  128. ^ Schulman, Jeremy (8 November 2016). "11 Democrats Who Could Defeat President Trump in 2020". Mother Jones. 
  129. ^ "Kamala Harris: The women's march is 'absolutely personal to me'". Los Angeles Times. January 21, 2017. 
    Cockerham, Sean (January 21, 2017). "With Dems thinking 2020, Kamala Harris takes DC spotlight". The Sacramento Bee. 
  130. ^ Seipel, Brooke (January 27, 2017). "Kamala Harris: 'Make no mistake — this is a Muslim ban'". 
  131. ^ "Sen. Kamala Harris speaks out against Betsy DeVos as part of Democrats' 24-hour blitz on Senate floor". Los Angeles Times. February 6, 2017. 
  132. ^ "Sen. Kamala Harris: ‘You Deserve An Attorney General Who Recognizes The Full Human Quality Of All People’". newsone.com. February 8, 2017. 
  133. ^ "Taking on Trump puts Kamala Harris in spotlight". San Francisco Chronicle. February 19, 2017. 
  134. ^ Cockerham, Sean (March 2, 2017). "Kamala Harris calls on attorney general to resign over contacts with the Russians". Sacramento Bee. 
  135. ^ Sullivan, Bartholomew D. (March 14, 2017). "Sen. Kamala Harris: ACA repeal involves 'moral values'". USA Today. 
  136. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/kamala-harris-health-care-bill_us_59112f30e4b0d5d9049f6705
  137. ^ Jalonick, Mary Clare (June 7, 2017). "Harris Reminded to Be Respectful During Intel Hearing". U.S. News & World Report. Washington, DC. Associated Press. 
  138. ^ a b Harris Reminded to Be Respectful During Intel Hearing.
  139. ^ Finnegan, Michael (June 14, 2017). "Sen. Kamala Harris leaves Sessions 'nervous' in interrogation over his refusal to disclose conversations with Trump". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, CA. 
  140. ^ a b c "Sen. Kamala Harris leaves Sessions 'nervous'".
  141. ^ Ansari, M. K. (June 8, 2017). "The Silencing Of Kamala Harris During The Senate Hearing Was Sexist: Why do people take issue when a woman asks direct questions?". Huffington Post. New York, NY. 
  142. ^ "CNN Analyst Implies Racism Led Republicans To Silence Kamala Harris". True Pundit. Philadelphia. June 14, 2017. 
  143. ^ Baragona, Justin (June 14, 2017). "CNN’s Kirsten Powers Confronts Jason Miller For Calling Kamala Harris ‘Hysterical’". Mediaite.com. New York, NY. 
  144. ^ "Female Democratic senators ignore 2 women activists at hearing on Islamism, pose questions only to male witness". Women in the World in Association with The New York Times - WITW. 2017-06-15. Retrieved 2017-06-23. 
  145. ^ Ali, Ayaan Hirsi; Nomani, Asra (June 22, 2017). "They Brushed Off Kamala Harris. Then She Brushed Us Off". New York Times. New York, NY. 
  146. ^ [[Cite news|url=https://www.mediaite.com/online/new-controversy-around-kamala-harris-is-rooted-in-cultural-misunderstanding/ |work=mediaite}}
  147. ^ a b Landsbaum, Claire (1 November 2016). "California's First New Senator in 24 Years Will Be a Woman, But Which One?". New York Magazine. Retrieved 10 November 2016. 
  148. ^ St. John, Paige (7 April 2016). "Kamala Harris' support for Planned Parenthood draws fire after raid on anti-abortion activist". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 10 November 2016. 
  149. ^ Tim Redmond (November 9, 2009). "Give Kamala Harris credit for integrity". The San Francisco Bay Guardian. Retrieved April 5, 2013. 
  150. ^ "Don't Kill in Our Name, Rally to Support Kamala Harris". Basetree. May 5, 2004. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  151. ^ a b "Police Officer Isaac Espinoza killer gets two consecutive life sentences—No possibility of parole". Sanfranciscosentinel.com. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  152. ^ Van Derbeken, Jaxon. "Edwin Ramos won't face death penalty", San Francisco Chronicle, September 11, 2009.
  153. ^ a b "San Francisco District Attorney Kamala Harris". Californiascapitol.com. April 15, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  154. ^ a b "CCFAJ-Report-final.pdf" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 14, 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  155. ^ “”. "KGO/ABC 7's View from the Bay's Interview with Kamala Harris on Truancy Rates". Youtube.com. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  156. ^ “”. "Kamala Harris on the Today Show". Youtube.com. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  157. ^ Johnson, Jason B. (June 1, 2005). "SAN FRANCISCO / D.A. creates environmental unit / 3-staff team takes on crime mostly affecting the poor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved August 20, 2010. 
  158. ^ "Protecting the Environment". Retrieved October 3, 2011. 
  159. ^ "Prosecuting Financial Crimes". Kamalaharris.org. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  160. ^ "S.F. attorney Kamala Harris enters attorney general race". Lodi News-Sentinel. November 13, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2010. 
  161. ^ BondGraham, Darwin. "The Strike Force That Never Struck". East Bay Express. 
  162. ^ a b Dayen2017-01-03T20:22:56+00:00, David DayenDavid. "Treasury Nominee Steve Mnuchin’s Bank Accused of "Widespread Misconduct" in Leaked Memo". The Intercept. 
  163. ^ Lane, Sylvan (January 4, 2017). "Dem defends decision not to charge Trump Treasury pick over foreclosures". 
  164. ^ "Donor Lookup". 
  165. ^ a b Garcia, Eric (February 14, 2017). "Harris Was Only 2016 Senate Democratic Candidate to Get Cash From Mnuchin". Roll Call. Retrieved August 2, 2017. 
  166. ^ "PN26 - Nomination of Steven T. Mnuchin for Department of the Treasury, 115th Congress (2017-2018)". www.congress.gov. February 13, 2017. 
  167. ^ "Kamala Harris on Gun Control". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 
  168. ^ Kamala D. Harris; et al. "D.C. v. Heller Amici Curiae brief of District Attorneys in support of Petitioners" (PDF). Retrieved March 2, 2008. 
  169. ^ ""State Appellate Panel Strikes Down SF Handgun Ban".". Archived from the original on 2014-03-05. Retrieved April 19, 2017. 
  170. ^ Panzar, Javier; Willon, Phil. "Essential Politics September archives: Brown signs new laws and issues vetoes, fall campaigns heat up". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 
  171. ^ Alcántara, Ann-Marie. "Kamala Harris Wants Americans to Commit to Action, Not Prayers, After Las Vegas Shooting". POPSUGAR News. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 
  172. ^ Weigel, David (August 30, 2017). "Sen. Kamala Harris backs Bernie Sanders’s single-payer bill". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 31, 2017. 
  173. ^ Jesse McKinley (November 16, 2006), "Immigrant Protection Rules Draw Fire", The New York Times. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  174. ^ Anthony York (October 5, 2010), "Attorney general debate: The Arizona immigration law", LA Times.
  175. ^ Richardson, James (1997). Willie Brown: A Biography. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-585-24985-7. 
  176. ^ Garchik, Leah (April 7, 2010). "California Attorney General Kamala Harris engaged". SF Gate. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  177. ^ "Douglas C. Emhoff". Venable LLP. 
  178. ^ David Siders (August 25, 2014). "Kamala Harris grew up idolizing lawyers". The Sacramento Bee. 
  179. ^ "California Attorney General Kamala Harris marries fellow lawyer". The Mercury News. Retrieved 2017-03-16. 

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Terence Hallinan
District Attorney of San Francisco
2004–2011
Succeeded by
George Gascón
Preceded by
Jerry Brown
Attorney General of California
2011–2017
Succeeded by
Kathleen Kenealy
Acting
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Barbara Boxer
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from California
2017–present
Served alongside: Dianne Feinstein
Incumbent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Maggie Hassan
United States Senators by seniority
97th
Succeeded by
John N. Kennedy
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kamala_Harris&oldid=805728910"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamala_Harris
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Kamala Harris"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA