Kalar, Iraq

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Kalar
Kurdish: که‌لار
Kelar
The view of Kalar from Sherwana Castle
The view of Kalar from Sherwana Castle
Kalar is located in Iraqi Kurdistan
Kalar
Kalar
Kalar in Iraq
Kalar is located in Iraq
Kalar
Kalar
Kalar (Iraq)
Coordinates: 34°37′45″N 45°19′20″E / 34.62917°N 45.32222°E / 34.62917; 45.32222Coordinates: 34°37′45″N 45°19′20″E / 34.62917°N 45.32222°E / 34.62917; 45.32222
Country  Iraq
Autonomous region  Kurdistan
Governorate Sulaymaniyah
District Kalar
Elevation 200 m (656 ft)
Population
 • Total 189,000 (230,000 including Rizgari)[1]
Time zone UTC+3

Kalar (Kurdish: که‌لار‎, Kelar ) is a city in Iraq located on the west bank of the Sirwan (Diyala) river in Sulaymaniyah Governorate. It is located east of Kifri and west of the Kermanshah, Iran towns of Qasri Shirin and Sarpol Zahab. The city is one of the twin towns of Rizgari-Kalar. It is an expanding urban area with growing infrastructure and a booming economy, with properties often more expensive than those in advanced countries. It is divided into the neighborhoods of Salaxa, Grdegozina, Bardasoor, Hamay Karem, Shaheedan, and Gazino.

History

The Garmian area experienced the 3rd stage of the genocidal Al-Anfal campaign. The neighboring town Smud was built as a relocation camp for Kurds. It was later renamed Rizgari (Liberation) for the 1991 Iraqi uprising.

Kalar is also home to the Sherwana Citadel which is located on an elevated region on the west bank of the Sirwan River. It's claimed to have been built by Mohamed Pasha Jaff in the 19th Century but it's true origins remain unknown. The Sherwana Citadel has been damaged on many occasions. Most recently in the 12th of November 2017 at 18:18 UTC a catastrophic magnitude 7.3 earthquake devastated the region and destroyed the top portion of the citadel.

Culture

Kalar hosts the University of Garmian, a satellite campus of University of Sulaymaniyah which specialises in agriculture. The University of Garmian is also the area's first scientific center to provide a Geographic Information Systems laboratory for post-graduate students.

The Castle

The town also contains the Folkloric Museum of Garmian, with 400 artifacts from the region.

Climate

Kalar is located in the Garmiyan Region which is known for having a warm and dry climate which can occasionally reach over 50* Celsius in the Summer. It's warmest in July with an average temperature of (45-50*) Celsius and coldest in January with an average temperature of (10-15*) Celsius. The temperature rarely reaches below 0* Celsius in winter. According to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, Kalar has a Semi-arid climate (BSh).

Climate data for Kalar, Iraq
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25
(77)
30
(86)
37
(99)
42
(108)
49
(120)
51
(124)
53
(127)
54
(129)
52
(126)
44
(111)
33
(91)
29
(84)
54
(129)
Average high °C (°F) 15
(59)
17
(63)
23
(73)
30
(86)
37
(99)
44
(111)
47
(117)
47
(117)
42
(108)
34
(93)
24
(75)
17
(63)
31
(89)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
4
(39)
9
(48)
14
(57)
20
(68)
25
(77)
29
(84)
27
(81)
21
(70)
16
(61)
10
(50)
5
(41)
15
(59)
Record low °C (°F) −15
(5)
−11
(12)
−6
(21)
0
(32)
10
(50)
15
(59)
20
(68)
15
(59)
7
(45)
1
(34)
−4
(25)
−13
(9)
−15
(5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 34.1
(1.343)
31.1
(1.224)
40.3
(1.587)
36
(1.42)
15.5
(0.61)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
12.4
(0.488)
27
(1.06)
27.9
(1.098)
224.3
(8.83)
Source: msn.com/weather [2]

Notable inhabitants

References

  1. ^ http://www.netcomuk.co.uk/~kcf/htm/kurdistan.htm
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference msn.com/weather was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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