Kaiapoi (New Zealand electorate)

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Kaiapoi was a rural New Zealand electorate, north of Christchurch in the Canterbury region of New Zealand from 1861 to 1946. It was represented by twelve Members of Parliament.

Population centres

The electorate was centred on the town of Kaiapoi to the north of Christchurch. In the 1887 election, polling booths were in Kaiapoi, Clarkville, Rangiora and Woodend.[1]

History

The electorate dates from 1861.[2] Isaac Thomas Cookson was the first representative after winning the 1861. Cookson had previously represented the Christchurch Country electorate, which was abolished at the end of the term of the 2nd Parliament in 1960.[3] Cookson resigned in 1863,[4] and the resulting 1863 by-election was won by Robert Wilkin.[5] Wilkin retired at the end of the parliamentary term and was succeeded by Joseph Beswick, who won the 1866 election, but resigned the following year.[6]

The resulting 1867 by-election was won by John Studholme, who was confirmed at the 1871 election[7] but resigned in 1874.[8] He was succeeded by Charles Bowen in the 1875 by-election. Bowen was confirmed in the 1875 and 1879 elections.[6] Bowen retired at the 1881 election.

Isaac Wilson was elected in 1881,[9] but resigned before the end of the term due to failing health.[10][11] Edward Richardson stood in the 16 May 1884 by-election. He was returned unopposed.[12] Richardson won the 1884 and 1887 elections,[13] and he retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1890.[14][15] In the 1887 election, his opponent was Richard Moore.[1]

Moore was the successful candidate in the 1890 election.[16][17] A conservative, he was defeated by David Buddo of the Liberal Party in the 1893 election.[18] Moore in turn defeated Buddo in the 1896 election.[16] In the 1899 election, Buddo defeated Moore again.[18] This time, Buddo held the electorate until he was defeated in the 1919 election by David Jones.[19] At the next election in 1922, Buddo defeated Jones. From 1925, his Liberal Party called itself 'National Party' for two years.[20] Buddo retired in 1928.[18]

Buddo was succeeded by Richard Hawke from the United Party in the 1928 election. He was re-elected in 1931,[21] but lost the 1935 election against Labour's Morgan Williams.[22] Williams held the electorate until it was abolished in 1946.[23] Williams contested the St Albans in the 1946 election, but was defeated.[22]

Members of Parliament

Key

 Independent    Conservative    Liberal    Reform    United    Labour  

Election Winner
1861 election Isaac Cookson
1863 by-election Robert Wilkin
1866 election Joseph Beswick
1867 by-election John Studholme
1871 election
1875 by-election Charles Bowen
1875 election
1879 election
1881 election Isaac Wilson
1884 by-election Edward Richardson
1884 election
1887 election
1890 election Richard Moore
1893 election David Buddo
1896 election Richard Moore
1899 election David Buddo
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election David Jones
1922 election David Buddo
1925 election
1928 election Richard Hawke
1931 election
1935 election Morgan Williams
1938 election
1943 election
(Electorate abolished 1946)

Election results

1935 election

General election, 1935: Kaiapoi[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Morgan Williams 4,763 47.05
United Richard Hawke 3,339 32.98 -24.69
Independent Archibald Albany McLachlan[nb 1] 2,021 19.96
Majority 1,424 14.07 -1.29
Turnout 10,123 88.17 +2.30
Registered electors 11,481

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ For some biographical details of McLachlan refer to his grandfather's article

1931 election

General election, 1931: Kaiapoi[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Richard Hawke 5,312 57.68 +23.16
Labour John Archer 3,898 42.32
Majority 1,414 15.35 +14.32
Informal votes 26 0.28 -1.47
Turnout 9,236 85.87 -3.80
Registered electors 10,756

1928 election

1928 general election: Kaiapoi[26][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Richard Hawke 3,216 34.52
Reform James Arthur Flesher 3,120 33.49
Labour Elizabeth McCombs 2,980 31.99
Majority 96 1.03 -6.08
Informal votes 166 1.75 +0.94
Turnout 9,482 89.67 -1.98
Registered electors 10,574

1925 election

General election, 1925: Kaiapoi[28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Buddo 3,594 45.98 +0.56
Reform William Brock 3,038 38.86
Labour Morgan Williams 1,185 15.16 +5.11
Majority 556 7.11 +6.23
Informal votes 64 0.81 0.19
Turnout 7,881 91.65 +2.40
Registered electors 8,599

1922 election

General election, 1922: Kaiapoi[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Buddo 3,328 45.42 +7.27
Reform David Jones 3,263 44.53 +5.63
Labour Morgan Williams 736 10.05 -12.89
Majority 65 0.89 +0.13
Informal votes 46 0.62 -0.44
Turnout 7,373 89.25 +5.45
Registered electors 8,261

1919 election

General election, 1919: Kaiapoi[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform David Jones 2,580 38.91 -1.30
Liberal David Buddo 2,530 38.15 -21.64
Labour Morgan Williams 1,521 22.94
Majority 50 0.75 -18.83
Informal votes 71 1.06 +0.53
Turnout 6,702 83.80 -4.24
Registered electors 7,998

1914 election

General election, 1914: Kaiapoi[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Buddo 3,606 59.79
Reform David Jones 2,425 40.21
Majority 1,181 19.58
Informal votes 32 0.53
Turnout 6,063 88.04
Registered electors 6,887

1899 election

General election, 1899: Kaiapoi[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Buddo 2,186 54.45
Conservative Richard Moore 1,705 42.47
Independent John Verrall 124 3.09
Majority 481 11.98
Turnout 4,015 83.72
Registered electors 4,796

1893 election

General election, 1893: Kaiapoi[34][35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Buddo 1,587 51.41
Conservative Richard Moore 1,500 48.59 -14.42
Majority 87 2.82
Turnout 3,087 82.96 +14.19
Registered electors 3,721

1890 election

General election, 1890: Kaiapoi[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Moore 937 63.01
Liberal-Labour William Hoban 550 36.99
Majority 387 26.02
Turnout 1,487 68.77
Registered electors 2,162

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Kaiapoi". The Star (6043). 27 September 1887. p. 4. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 159.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 101, 156.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  6. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  7. ^ "The General Elections". The Star (846). 11 February 1871. p. 2. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
  8. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  9. ^ "The General Election". The Star (4255). 10 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  10. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  11. ^ "Old Colonists". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand - Canterbury Provincial District. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia Company Limited. 1903. Retrieved 21 March 2010. 
  12. ^ "The Kaiapoi Election". XXVII (117). Evening Post. 17 May 1884. p. 2. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  13. ^ "The General Election Results". The Star (6043). 27 September 1887. p. 4. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  14. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 135.
  15. ^ "General Election - Candidates For Seats In House". XXXIX (8950). Taranaki Herald. 5 December 1890. p. 2. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  16. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 221.
  17. ^ "Further Results". The Star (7030). 8 December 1890. p. 3. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  18. ^ a b c Wilson 1985, p. 186.
  19. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 208.
  20. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 177, 186.
  21. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 204.
  22. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 245.
  23. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 245, 265.
  24. ^ "Election Results". The Evening Post. CXX (137). 6 December 1935. p. 10. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  25. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  26. ^ "The Battle Eve". Auckland Star. LIX (269). 13 November 1928. p. 13. Retrieved 21 November 2013. 
  27. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  28. ^ The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 4. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  29. ^ "Election Notices". The Press. LXI (18524). 28 October 1925. p. 17. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  30. ^ "The Official Count". Auckland Star. LIII (295). 13 December 1922. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  31. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1920. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  32. ^ "The General Election, 1914". National Library. 1915. p. 20. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  33. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  34. ^ "The General Election, 1893". National Library. 1894. p. 2. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  35. ^ "The General Election". Otago Daily Times. 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  36. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 

References

  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
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