Kai Islands

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Kai Islands
Native name: Kepulauan Kai
Topographic map of the Kai Islands-en.svg
The Kai Islands
ID Kai islands.PNG
Geography
Location South-east Asia
Coordinates 5°45′S 132°44′E / 5.75°S 132.73°E / -5.75; 132.73
Total islands 47
Major islands Kai Besar, Kai Kecil
Area 1,438 km2 (555 sq mi)
Highest elevation 90 m (300 ft)
Highest point 90 meters altitude
Administration
Province Maluku
Largest settlement Alaku Malaki
Additional information
Time zone
Kai Islands in the east of Maluku Islands

The Kai Islands (also Kei Islands) of Indonesia are a group of islands located in the southeastern part of the Maluku Islands in Maluku Province.[1][2] The Malakus have also been known as the Spice Islands due to regionally specific plants such as nutmeg, mace, and cloves that originally intrigued the European nations of the 16th century.[3]

Though originally Melanesian,[4] many islanders were exterminated in the 17th century during the spice wars, particularly in the Banda Islands. A second influx of Austronesian immigrants began in the early twentieth century under the Dutch and continued in the Indonesian era.[citation needed]

Government and Administration

The islands consist of the Southeast Maluku Regency (Maluku Tenggara) within the Maluku Province. The Regency is sub-divided into six districts (kecamatan). Though geographically within the Kai Islands, the city of Tual is the capital of the Southeast Maluku Regency of Indonesia, but not a member of the regency.

Geography

The Kai Islands are a part of the Wallacea, the group of Indonesian islands that are separated by deep water from both the Asian and Australian continental shelves, and were never linked to either continent. As a result, the Kai Islands have few native mammals and are a part of the Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests ecoregion. Kai Besar in particular is mountainous and densely forested. Kai is also famous for the beauty of its beaches, notably in Pasir Panjang.[5]

Inhabitants called the islands Nuhu Evav (Evav Islands) or Tanat Evav (Evav Land), but they were known as Kei to people from neighboring islands. The islands are located on the edge of the Banda Sea, south of the Bird's Head Peninsula of New Guinea, west of the Aru and Tayandu Islands, and northeast of the Tanimbar Islands.[citation needed]

The Kai islands are made up of numerous islands, including:

  • Kai Besar or Nuhu Yuut or Nusteen (Great Kai)
  • Kai Kecil or Nuhu Roa or Nusyanat (Little Kai)
  • Tanimbar Kai or Tnebar Evav
  • Kai Dulah or Du
  • Dulah Laut or Du Roa
  • Kuur
  • Taam
  • Tayandu Islands (Tahayad) groups

The Kai Islands' total land area is 1,438 km2 (555 sq mi).

Climate

The islands are located in a tropical area near the equator where there is little change in the weather throughout the year. The year round temperature is usually around 30 °C (86 °F), with the lowest temperatures reaching 18 °C (64 °F). There is a dry season that lasts from April to September, during which rain is scarce.[citation needed]

Culture

History

COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Een winkeleigenaar met zijn familie Kai-eilanden TMnr 10002751.jpg

Local history holds that ancestors of contemporary Kai islanders came from Bali, part of the expanding Majapahit kingdom from the western archipelago. The village of Ohoi-Ewur (first Raja Ewab: Raja Ohoi-Ewur = Raja Tabtut) on Kai Kecil or Nuhuroa island was the arrival point for the Balinese royal family and their army. They stayed in the village with local residents. As a result, Ohoi-ewur became a seat of government, where the local law (Larvul Ngabal) – Red Blood and Balinese Spear – was developed at the initiative of the royal princess D it Sakmas.[citation needed]

Evidence for these stories include an inheritance and a harbor named Bal Sorbay (Bali Surabaya) on Kai Kecil which is, presumably, the harbor at which the royals arrived.

It is recognized by Kai islanders that some of their ancestors also came from other places such as Sumbawa island (Sumbau), Buton (Vutun) in Sulawesi, Seram (Seran) and Gorom (Ngoran) islands in the Central Moluccas, and the Sultanates of Jailolo (Dalo) and Ternate (Ternat) as well.

The tiny island of Tanimbarkei is not part of Tanimbar, as the name might suggest but is, in fact, one of the Kai Islands. It is inhabited by fewer than 1000 very traditional people. Half of the population call themselves Hindus, but in fact are more or less practicing ancestor worship.

After the 1999 clashes between the Muslim and Christian populations in Ambon, similar inter-communal clashes also swept through Kai, but quickly calmed down.[citation needed]

All of the islands depend on 22 ratshcaap, or traditional local leaders called Rat or Raja, as kings of customary law.[citation needed]

Languages

The official language in the Kai Islands is Indonesian, although local languages also exist between regions.[citation needed]

Three Austronesian languages are spoken on the Kai Islands; Keiese is the most widely spoken, in 207 villages on Kai Kecil, Kai Besar, and surrounding islands. Kurese is spoken on Kur Island and nearby Kaimeer, where Kai is used as a lingua franca. Bandanese is spoken in the villages of Banda-Eli (Wadan El) and Banda-Elat (Wadan Elat) on the west and northeastern side of Kai Besar. Banda speakers originally came from the Banda Islands, but the language is no longer spoken there. There is no native writing system for the Keiese Language. Dutch Catholic missionaries write the language using a variation of the Roman alphabet.[citation needed]

Musical Instruments

Some Kai musical instruments include:

  • Savarngil: A small native flute from 10 to 20 centimeters (4 to 8 inches) long, open at both ends and having six fingerholes placed along the pipe made of bamboo and are keyless.[citation needed]
  • Tiva: Single headed drums, consist of a calf skin membrane which is stretched over an enclosed space or over one of the ends of a hollow vessel.[citation needed]
  • Dada: A medium-size gong 30 to 38 centimeters (12 to 15 inches) in size, with a crashing sound, have a raised boss or nipple in the center.[citation needed]

Religion

The major religion that dominates these islands is Christianity. The Kai are among the few islands in the region to have more Catholics than Protestants; they are regarded as the center of Catholicism in all of Maluku.

The Muslims present in this region are a smaller community, and they follow a mild form of Islam because they rarely have veiled women and mosques are low key affairs too.[citation needed]

Half of the people who live on the small island of Tanimbarkei practice a variant of the Hindu religion, which involves a form of ancestor worship.

Mythology

Their story of creation is a type of earth-diver myth that involves sending a dog down to the earth, who brings up his sandy paws.[6]

There were three brothers and two sisters in the upper sky-world. While fishing one day, Parpara, the youngest of the brothers, lost a fish-hook which he had borrowed from Hian, his oldest brother. Angered by the loss of the hook, Hian demanded that it be found and returned to him. After much fruitless search, the Parpara met a fish who asked him what his trouble was, and who, on learning the facts, promised to aid in the search. At length they discovered another fish who was very ill because of something stuck in its throat. The object proved to be the long-lost hook, which the friendly fish delivered to Parpara, who thus was able to restore it to its owner.

Parpara, however, determined to have his revenge upon his brother, and so he secretly fastened a bamboo vessel full of palm liquor above Hian's bed in such a way that when the latter rose, he would be almost certain to upset it. The expected happened, and Parpara then demanded of his brother that he return to him the spilled liquor. Hian endeavoured, of course fruitlessly, to gather it up, and in his efforts dug so deeply into the ground that he made an opening clear through the sky-world.

Wondering what might lie below, the brothers determined to tie one of their dogs to a long rope and lower him through the aperture; and when they had done this, and the dog had been drawn up again, they found white sand sticking to his feet, whereupon they resolved to go down themselves, although the other inhabitants of the heaven-world refused to accompany them thither. Sliding down the rope, the three brothers and one of the sisters, together with their four dogs, safely reached the world which lay below, and which was thus discovered for the first time. As the second sister was descending, however, one of the brothers chanced to look up, at which his sister was so ashamed that she shook the rope and was hauled up by the other sky-people. In this way the three brothers with their sister were the first occupants of the world and became the ancestors of the human race.

Agriculture

The soil on Kai Kecil is of poor quality; slash-and-burn agriculture is still common. Fishing is usually done around Trepang, and cultured pearls are harvested in Kai Kecil.[citation needed]

Meiti Kei

A phenomenon that the seawater recedes up to 6 kilometers, so someone can go to other island by walking is done every year and is called as Meiti Kei. In 2017, the phenomenon will occur on October 22 to 23.[7]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Indonesia: The Kai Islands (Kei Islands) « This Boundless World". thisboundlessworld.com. 
  2. ^ Administrator. "Maluku Travel Information - Kei Islands - East-Indonesia.info". east-indonesia.info. 
  3. ^ "Introducing Maluku". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  4. ^ IRJA.org Archived 14 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Maluku and The Kai Islands on indahnesia.com". 
  6. ^ "Oceanic Mythology: Part III. Indonesia: Chapter I. Myths of Origins and the Deluge". www.sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2017-09-28. 
  7. ^ "Kei Islands still a hidden gem waiting to be explored". August 2, 2017. 

External links

  • Map of the Kei Islands, 6MB
  • Info booklet about the Kei Islands in Dutch
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