Kafr Ein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kafr Ein
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic كفر عين
 • Also spelled Kafr 'Ayn (official)
Kufur Ain (unofficial)
Kafr Ein
Kafr Ein
Kafr Ein is located in the Palestinian territories
Kafr Ein
Kafr Ein
Location of Kafr Ein within Palestine
Coordinates: 32°02′54″N 35°07′12″E / 32.04833°N 35.12000°E / 32.04833; 35.12000Coordinates: 32°02′54″N 35°07′12″E / 32.04833°N 35.12000°E / 32.04833; 35.12000
Palestine grid 161/161
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Village council
 • Head of Municipality Mohammed Rifa'
Area
 • Jurisdiction 25,000 dunams (25 km2 or 10 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,743
Name meaning "The Village of the Spring"[1]

Kafr Ein (Arabic: كفر عين‎) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located northwest of Ramallah in the central West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Kafr Ein had a population of 1,743 inhabitants in 2007.[2] Most of the village's population comes from the Barghouti, Rifa' and Rafati clans.[3]

Location

Kafr 'Ein is located 17.7 km northwest of Ramallah. It is bordered by Qarawat Bani Zeid, Bani Zeid ash Sharqiya and Deir as Sudan to the east, Bruqin to the north, Bani Zeid to the west, and An Nabi Salih to the south.[4]

History

Kafr Ein is transliterated as "spring village". The village contains ten springs and ten reservoirs, one of which was recently damaged.

It is believed that there is an ancient site at the top of a local mountain known as Haraek, which contains a church and a mosque. According to local legend, the site was destroyed during the Crusades and the single villager who survived its destruction came down to found Kafr Ein.[5]

Ottoman era

Potsherds from the early Ottoman time have been found.[6] It is noted in the Ottoman tax records of the 16th century as being located in the Sanjak of Al-Quds.[7]

Kafr Ein was ruled by the Barghouti family throughout the later half of the Ottoman rule of Palestine, located within the sheikhdom of Bani Zeid. It produced 52 qintars of olive oil annually, exporting it to Jerusalem or Nablus mainly for traditional soap-making.[8][9][10]

In 1838, it was noted under the name of Kefr Iyan as a Muslim village in the District of Beni Zaid, north of Jerusalem.[11]

The French explorer Victor Guérin passed by the village in 1870, and noted that it "did not seem very considerable,"[12] while an Ottoman village list of about the same year showed a population of 260, in 69 houses, though the population count included men, only.[13][14]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described "Kefr Ain" as a "small hamlet on a hill-slope, supplied by the Ain Mathrun."[15]

In 1896 the population of Kefr ‘ain was estimated to be about 516 persons.[16]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the village, called Kufr 'Ain, had a population of 376, all Muslims,[17] increasing in the 1931 census where In Kafr had a population of 494, still all Muslims, in a total of 133 houses.[18]

In the 1945 statistics, the population was 550 Muslims,[19] while the total land area was 7,145 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[20] Of this, 4,928 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 724 for cereals,[21] while 19 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[22]

Jordanian era

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Kafr Ein came under Jordanian rule.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 1,095 inhabitants in Kafr 'Ain.[23]

1967-present

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Kafr Ein has been under Israeli occupation.

After the 1995 accords, 97.4% of Kafr Ein land is defined as Area A land, 1.4% as Area B, while the remaining 1,2% is defined as Area C.[24]

Economy

Historically, like most Palestinian villages, Kafr Ein's inhabitants worked mostly as farmers and traders. Prior to the Second Intifada, around 10% of the village's residents worked in Israel. Kafr Ein's main cash crop is olives. However, lentils, grains and vegetables are also grown. There are an estimated 200 sheep and goats in the village.[5]

In 1980, electricity was connected to Kafr Ein. There are ten shops and a school in the village, as well another shared with Qarawat Bani Zeid. Many residents receive aid from the Red Cross and the UNRWA.[5]

Government

Kafr Ein is governed by a village council. The council is made up of six residents who represent the four major families. The current mayor, Mohammed Rifa', was appointed by the Palestinian National Authority in 1998.[5]

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 230
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Archived 2010-12-10 at the Wayback Machine.. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.112.
  3. ^ Welcome To Kafr 'Ayn: Palestinian families Amban Rifa'. (in Arabic)
  4. ^ Kafr 'Ein (Village profile), ARIJ, 2012, p. 4
  5. ^ a b c d Kafr Ein Village Profile International Women's Peace Service
  6. ^ Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 435
  7. ^ Toledano, 1984, p. 294. Toledano gives its location as 32°02′50″N 35°06′45″E
  8. ^ Singer, 1994, pp. 78-79.
  9. ^ Macalister and Masterman, 1905, p. 255
  10. ^ Wilson, 1906, pp. 78-79
  11. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 125
  12. ^ Guérin, 1875, p.150
  13. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 156 it was noted in the Beni Zaid District
  14. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 106 also noted 69 houses
  15. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 290
  16. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 124
  17. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  18. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 49
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  20. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 65
  21. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
  22. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162
  23. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24
  24. ^ Kafr 'Ein (Village profile), ARIJ, 2012, p. 15

Bibliography

  • Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
  • Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
  • Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.
  • Finkelstein, I.; Lederman, Zvi, eds. (1997). Highlands of many cultures. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University Publications Section. ISBN 965-440-007-3.
  • Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics (1964). First Census of Population and Housing. Volume I: Final Tables; General Characteristics of the Population (PDF).
  • Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945.
  • Guérin, V. (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
  • Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
  • Hartmann, M. (1883). "Die Ortschaftenliste des Liwa Jerusalem in dem türkischen Staatskalender für Syrien auf das Jahr 1288 der Flucht (1871)". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 6: 102–149.
  • Macalister, R. A. Stewart; Masterman, E. W. G. (1905). "Occasional Papers on the Modern inhabitants of Palestine, part I & part II". Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund. 37: 343–356.
  • Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
  • Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
  • Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
  • Schick, C. (1896). "Zur Einwohnerzahl des Bezirks Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 19: 120–127.
  • Singer, Amy (1994). Palestinian peasants and Ottoman officials: rural administration around sixteenth-century Jerusalem (3rd, Illustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-47679-9.
  • Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
  • Toledano, E. (1984). "The Sanjaq of Jerusalem in the Sixteenth Century: Aspects of Topography and Population". Archivum Ottomanicum. 9: 279–319.
  • Wilson, C. T. (1906). Peasant Life in the Holy Land. New York: E. P. Dutton.

External links

  • Welcome To Kafr 'Ayn
  • Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons
  • Kafr 'Ein (Fact Sheet), Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem (ARIJ)
  • Kafr 'Ein (Village profile), Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
  • Kafr 'Ein (aerial photo), Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
  • Locality Development Priorities and Needs in Kafr 'Ein Village, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kafr_Ein&oldid=847241704"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kafr_Ein
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Kafr Ein"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA