Kachhi District

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ضِلع کچّھی
District
Kachhi District
Map of Balochistan with Kacchi District highlighted
Map of Balochistan with Kacchi District highlighted
Country Pakistan
Province Balochistan
Established December 1991
Headquarters Dhadar
Government
 • District president Mir Ismail Satakzai
 • General Sectary Khalil Ahmed Sumalani
Population (2017)[1]
 • Total 237,030
Time zone UTC+5 (PST)
Website Official website

The district of Kachhi or Kacchi (Balochi and Urdu: ضِلع کچّھی‎), known until 2008 as Bolan[2] (Balochi: ضِلع بولان‎), is a district in central Balochistan, Pakistan.[3] The Bolan area remained under one district Kacchi until 31 December 1991. The Deputy Commissioner’s office started functioning on 17 May 1992, and Bolan became one of the four districts of Naseerabad Division, until the abolition of Divisions in 2000.

In 2013, it was announced that the tehsil of Bhag would be split off to form part of the new Lehri District.[4]

History

The Kachhi Plains are the home of the Mehrgarh civilization. One of the most important Neolithic sites in archaeology, lies on what is now the Kachhi Plain of today's Balochistan, Pakistan. It is one of the earliest sites with evidence of farming (wheat and barley) and herding (cattle, sheep and goats) in South Asia.[5]

Until the end of the 15th century the district had been a dependency of Sindh[6] Around 1500, it was taken by Shah Beg of the Arghun Dynasty from the Samma Dynasty of the Sultan Of Sindh. The territory was conquered by the Kalhoras Amirs of Sindh;[7][8] they were displaced by the Nadir Shah of Persia and he made it the part of Kalat Khanate in 1740.[9][10] Kachhi was notified as a district on February 1965. At that time Naseerabad, Jhal Magsi and Jafarabad districts were included; these were separated in 1987.

Administrative divisions

The district is administratively subdivided into the following tehsils:[3]

The Union councils of Kachhi District are:

Population

According to the 1998 census, the main first languages in the sub-divisions of Mach, Dhadar and Sanni are Balochi (67%), Sindhi (13%) and Saraiki (11%).[11]

For centuries the main tribe of Bolan was Kurd Baloch, and the chief of Bolan was Sardar Mir Dinnar Khan Kurd Baloch. The major Baloch and Jamot tribes of the district are: Hanbhi Kurd, Rind, Siapad, Bangulzai, Raisani, Abro Talpur and Pahore and Airy and Sheikh also main population of tehsil Bhag.[citation needed]Jatoi tribe is in large number.

Education

According to the Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017, district Kachhi is ranked at number 109 out of the 141 ranked districts in Pakistan on the education score index. This index considers learning, gender parity and retention in the district.

Literacy rate in 2014-15 of population 10 years and older in the district stood at 43% whereas for females it was only 23%.[12]

Post primary access is a major issue in the district with 86% schools being at primary level. Compare this with high schools which constitute only 6% of government schools in the district. This is also reflected in the enrolment figures for 2016-17 with 12,688 students enrolled in class 1 to 5 and only 261 students enrolled in class 9 and 10.

Gender disparity is another issue in the district. Only 28% schools in the district are girls’ schools. Access to education for girls is a major issue in the district and is also reflected in the low literacy rates for females.

Moreover, the schools in the district lack basic facilities. According to Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017, the district is ranked at number 139 out of the 155 districts of Pakistan for primary school infrastructure. At the middle school level, it is ranked at number 129 out of the 155 districts. These rankings take into account the basic facilities available in schools including drinking water, working toilet, availability of electricity, existence of a boundary wall and general building condition. More than half of the government schools in the district do not have electricity, toilet and a boundary wall. 213 out of 465 schools do not have clean drinking water.

The main issues reported in Taleem Do! App for the district is the unavailability of teachers in schools.

References

  1. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk.
  2. ^ Bolan renamed Kachhi district
  3. ^ a b Tehsils & Unions in the District of Bolan - Government of Pakistan
  4. ^ New district in Balochistan, dawn.com
  5. ^ Hirst, K. Kris. 2005. Mehrgarh, Pakistan - Life in the Indus Valley Before Harappa. Thought Co.
  6. ^ "Sibi". Visitorsheaven.com. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  7. ^ "Cities of Pakistan (Sibi)". PakistanPaedia. 2009-02-02. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-03. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
  9. ^ Sibi District - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 22, p. 338.
  10. ^ "Ghulam Shah Kalhora and Relations With Kutch". Panhwar.com. 2002-11-02. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
  11. ^ PCO 2000, pp. 91–92.
  12. ^ Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (2016). Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey 2014-15. [online] Islamabad: Government of Pakistan, p.111. Available at: http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//pslm/publications/PSLM_2014-15_National-Provincial-District_report.pdf [Accessed 6 Aug. 2018].

External links

  • Kachhi District Development Profile 2011

Bibliography

  • 1998 District census report of Kachhi (Bolan). Census publication. 105. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.

Coordinates: 29°10′N 67°50′E / 29.167°N 67.833°E / 29.167; 67.833

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