Justin Marie Bomboko

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Justin Marie Bomboko
Aankomst op Schiphol van Justin Bomboko minister in reg Ileo op doorreis naar P, Bestanddeelnr 911-6367.jpg
Bomboko in 1960
Chairman of the Board of Commissioners-General of Congo-Léopoldville
In office
September 1960 – 9 February 1961
President Joseph Kasa-Vubu
Deputy Albert Ndele
Preceded by Joseph Iléo (as Prime Minister)
Succeeded by Joseph Iléo (as Prime Minister)
Personal details
Born 22 September 1928
Boleke, Belgian Congo
(Now Congo-Kinshasa)
Died 10 April 2014(2014-04-10) (aged 85)
Brussels, Belgium

Justin Marie Bomboko Lokumba Is Elenge (22 September 1928 – 10 April 2014), was a Congolese politician and statesman. He was the Minister of Foreign Affairs for the Congo. He served as leader of the Congolese government as chairman of the College of Commissioners.[1] He is often called "The Father of Independence" for the Congolese.[2] He also served as Foreign Minister for three different tenures: 1960–1963, 1965–1969, and again in 1981.[3] Bomboko died from a long-illness in Brussels, Belgium, aged 85.[4]

Early life

Justin-Marie Bomboko was born on 22 September 1928 in Boleke, Belgian Congo.[5]

Government career

In June 1960 Patrice Lumumba was tasked with forming the Congo's first independent government. He weighed his options for the Minister of Foreign Affairs between Thomas Kanza, André Mandi, and Bomboko. Lumumba mistrusted Bomboko, whom the Belgians supported and with whom he had political differences. Kanza, who was well acquainted with Bomboko, suggested that he should receive charge of Foreign Affairs, because he was an elected deputy and had more political support. Lumumba eventually agreed to this proposal,[6] but made Mandi Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs so he could monitor his activities.[7] Bomboko and Kanza ended up being the only two ministers in the government with university degrees.[8] The government was officially invested by Parliament on 24 June.[9] On 29 June Bomboko and Lumumba signed the Treaty of Friendship, Assistance, and Co-operation with their Belgian counterparts.[10] On 30 June, Independence Day, they together signed the accords officially conferring sovereignty upon the Congo.[11] In the days immediately after independence Bomboko was mostly preoccupied with the establishment of his ministry.[12] He was upset by the fact that most foreign contacts were made either through the entire government or through Lumumba, instead of directly through him.[13]

On 5 July the Force Publique garrisons of Léopoldville and Thysville mutinied.[14] The revolt spread the next morning to other towns across the Lower Congo.[15] Several soldiers had been convinced that Lumumba had brought Soviet troops into the country to disarm the Force Publique. Angered by this, they stormed the hotel rooms of the Soviet delegation (which had been present for the independence celebrations). Upon hearing what had occurred, Lumumba directed Bomboko to assume responsibility of the security of all foreign delegations present in the Congo and ensure that the Soviets could safely depart.[16] He also devoted much of his time to assisting European residents that wanted to escape the violence and leave the country.[17] On 10 July Belgian troops staged a military intervention to protect their nationals and began occupying portions of the Congo. Later that morning Bomboko met with fleeing Belgians at N'djili Airport. While there he declared that the Belgian intervention had been made at his request, though this was most likely untrue and probably only said to ease tensions; no record of any such request has ever been found, and the Belgians never cited one when attempting to justify their intervention.[18] An interpellation was subsequently levied against him by Parliament concerning his involvement in the matter.[19] On 15 July he appeared before Parliament to reject accusations of personal "complicity" in regards to the Belgian intervention and to affirm hisconcurrence with the actions taken by Prime Minister Lumumba and President Joseph Kasa-Vubu to restore order.[20] On 28 July he was made a member of a cabinet committee tasked with managing the government's relations with the United Nations.[21]

Honours

Citations

  1. ^ Makombo 2015, pp. 12–13.
  2. ^ Kisangani & Bobb 2009, p. 57.
  3. ^ http://www.rulers.org/2014-04.html April 2014
  4. ^ "RDC: décès d'un père de l'indépendance, Justin Bomboko" (in French). Lesoir.be. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  5. ^ Mulumba & Makombo 1986, p. 68.
  6. ^ Kanza 1994, pp. 98–99.
  7. ^ Kanza 1994, p. 114.
  8. ^ Hoskyns 1965, p. 78.
  9. ^ Kanza 1994, p. 103.
  10. ^ Hoskyns 1965, p. 82.
  11. ^ McKown 1969, p. 104.
  12. ^ Kanza 1994, p. 184.
  13. ^ Kanza 1994, pp. 165–166.
  14. ^ Hoskyns 1965, p. 88.
  15. ^ Hoskyns 1965, p. 89.
  16. ^ Kanza 1994, pp. 189–190.
  17. ^ McKown 1969, p. 116.
  18. ^ Hoskyns 1965, p. 96.
  19. ^ Bonyeka 1992, pp. 133–134.
  20. ^ CRISP no. 78 1960, paragraph 21.
  21. ^ Hoskyns 1965, p. 160.
  22. ^ http://diplomatie.belgium.be/en/Newsroom/news/press_releases/foreign_affairs/2014/04/ni_110414_bomboko

References

  • Bonyeka, Bomandeke (1992). Le Parlement congolais sous le régime de la Loi fondamentale (in French). Kinshasa: Presses universitaire du Zaire. OCLC 716913628.
  • Hoskyns, Catherine (1965). The Congo Since Independence: January 1960 – December 1961. London: Oxford University Press. OCLC 414961.
  • Kanza, Thomas R. (1994). The Rise and Fall of Patrice Lumumba: Conflict in the Congo (expanded ed.). Rochester, Vermont: Schenkman Books, Inc. ISBN 0-87073-901-8.
  • Kisangani, E.F.; Bobb, S.F. (2009). Historical Dictionary of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Scarecrow Press. p. 57. ISBN 9780810863255.
  • McKown, Robin (1969). Lumumba: A Biography. Garden City, New York: Doubleday. OCLC 977145530.
  • Makombo, Jean-Marie Mutamba (2015). Autopsie du gouvernement au Congo-Kinshasa: Le Collège des Commissaires généraux (1960-1961) contre Patrice Lumumba. Études africaines (in French). Editions L'Harmattan.
  • Mulumba, Mabi; Makombo, Mutamba (1986). Cadres et dirigeants au Zaïre, qui sont-ils?: dictionnaire biographique (in French). Kinshasa: Editions du Centre de recherches pédagogiques. OCLC 462124213.
  • "Onze mois de crise politique au Congo". Courrier hebdomadaire du CRISP (in French). Brussels: Centre de recherche et d'information socio-politiques (120): 1–24. 1961. doi:10.3917/cris.120.0001.
Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph Iléo
Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
14 September 1960 – 9 February 1961
Succeeded by
Joseph Iléo
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