Justice Party (South Korea)

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Justice Party
정의당
Leader Lee Jung-mi
Floor Leader Roh Hoe-chan
Founded 21 October 2012 (2012-10-21)
Merger of People's Conference
Labor Politics Coalition
Elements of the Labor Party
Split from Unified Progressive Party
Headquarters 7, Gukhoe-daero 70-gil, Yeongdeungpo District, Seoul
Youth wing Youth Justice Party
Membership (2016) 35,000 [1]
Ideology Social democracy[2][3]
Welfarism[4]
Labourism[5]
Political position Centre-left[6] to left-wing[2][7]
Colours Yellow
Slogan Labor's Hope, Citizen's Dream (노동의 희망, 시민의 꿈, Nodongi himang, simini kkum)
Seats in the National Assembly
6 / 300
Seats within local government
17 / 3,687
Website
www.justice21.org
Justice Party
Hangul 정의당
Hanja
Revised Romanization Jeonguidang
McCune–Reischauer Chŏngŭidang

The Justice Party (정의당) is a political party in South Korea. It was founded on 21 October 2012 as a split off from the Unified Progressive Party.

History

The party changed its name from "Progressive Justice Party" to "Justice Party" at the 2nd party congress on 16 July 2013.[8] At the 4th party congress on 22 November 2015, the party officially merged with extra-parliamentary groups: Preparatory Committee for the People's Party (2015), Solidarity for Labor Politics, and Jinbo Plus, which composed of members defected from the Labor Party, after motions to merge the party with the Justice Party failed.

After the merger, Na Gyung-che, leader of the Jinbo Plus, and Kim Se-kyun, leader of Preparatory Committee for the People's Party, were elevated to co-leadership role, while Sim Sang-jung remained as a standing party leader.[9] Kim Se-kyun stepped down from the co-leadership in September 2016.

In the legislative election held in April 2016, the party increased their seat total by one, with the election of Roh Hoe-chan to the Seongsan constituency in the city of Changwon. The party polled 7.2% in the party list ballot, returning in total, six legislators to the National Assembly.

In the 2017 election, Sim Sang-jung ran as the party's nominee after winning the party primary. Sim was endorsed by KCTU, running a campaign focused on labor[10] and social issues. Sim received media attention for being the only candidate arguing in favor of marriage equality during the debate. [11] Sim won 6.2% of the vote, making her the most successful left-wing presidential candidate since the democratization in 1987.

On July 2017, with Sim's 2-year leadership term coming to an end, the party elected sitting National Assembly member Lee Jung-mi as the new leader, beating Park Won-suk by 56 to 44.[12]

Leadership

Leaders of the Justice Party

  1. Roh Hoe-chan, Jo Jun-ho (co-serving; 21 October 2012 – 21 July 2013)
  2. Cheon Ho-sun (21 July 2013 – 18 July 2015)
  3. Sim Sang-jung (18 July 2015 – 22 November 2015)
  4. Sim Sang-jung (standing), Na Gyung-che (co-serving; 22 November 2015 – 11 July 2017), Kim Se-kyun (co-serving; 22 November 2015 – 30 September 2016)
  5. Lee Jeong-mi (11 July 2017 - )

Leaders in the National Assembly

  1. Kang Dong-won (21 October 2012 – 2 May 2013)
  2. Sim Sang-jung (2 May 2013 – 9 June 2015)
  3. Jeong Jin-hoo (9 June 2015 – 3 May 2016)
  4. Roh Hoe-chan (3 May 2016 – present)

Election results

Presidential elections

Election Candidate Total votes Share of votes Outcome
2017 Sim Sang-jung 2,017,458 6.2% Lost Red XN

Legislative elections

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
2016
6 / 300
1,719,891 / 23,760,977
7.2% Increase 1 seat; Minority Sim Sang-jung

Local elections

Election Metropolitan mayor/Governor Provincial legislature Municipal mayor Municipal legislature Election leader
2014
0 / 17
0 / 789
0 / 226
11 / 2,898
Cheon Ho-sun

See also

References

  1. ^ http://mnews.jtbc.joins.com/News/Article.aspx?news_id=NB11202401
  2. ^ a b "The Failure of Socialism in South Korea: 1945-2007". 
  3. ^ [Party Constitution] "We will further progress and develop, based on the historical experience of progressive parties across the world and success of social democracy that spurred the creation of welfare state, within the setting of Korea in the 21st century."
  4. ^ [Party English Website] "We fight fiercely for the public welfare what people think most important in life"
  5. ^ [Party English Website] "We, Justice Party will support all labors in the workforce to realize the justice in every part of life."
  6. ^ "Minor opposition party picks Rep. Shim Sang-jung as new chief". Yonhap News. 2015-07-18. Retrieved 2017-01-02. 
  7. ^ "Moon Jae-in’s support rises 40%, while Ahn Cheol-soo’s falls to 24%". Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "제2차 당대회(혁신당대회) 회의자료 및 결과". Justice Party (in Korean). 
  9. ^ "진보 4개 정당·단체 통합 ‘정의당’ 출범". Kyunghyang Shinmun (in Korean). 22 November 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2016. 
  10. ^ "심상정, '개혁ㆍ노동 대통령' 강조". Naver. 해럴드경제. Retrieved 15 September 2017. 
  11. ^ "심상정이 꼽은 기억에 남는 순간 'TV토론 성소수자 1분 찬스 발언'". Naver. Kyunghyang Sinmun. Retrieved 15 September 2017. 
  12. ^ "이정미 정의당 당대표 당선... '포스트 노-심 시대' 시작". Naver. OhMyNews. Retrieved 15 September 2017. 

External links

  • Official website
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