Jupiter (locomotive)

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Jupiter
CP steam loco.jpg
Jupiter replica at Golden Spike N.H.S.
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Schenectady Locomotive Works (original)
O'Connor Engineering Laboratories (replica)
Serial number 505
Build date September 1868 (original)
1979 (replica)
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte 4-4-0
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Fuel type Wood, converted to coal in 1893
Career
Operators Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad, Gila Valley, Globe and Northern Railway
Numbers 60 (CP), renum 1195 in 1891, GVG&N 1 in 1893
Official name Jupiter
First run March 20, 1869
Disposition Original scrapped. Replica operational at the Golden Spike N.H.S..
Celebration of completion of the Transcontinental Railroad, May 10, 1869, showing the name Jupiter on the side of the tender

The Jupiter (officially known as Central Pacific Railroad #60) was a 4-4-0 steam locomotive which made history as one of the two locomotives (the other being the Union Pacific No. 119) to meet at Promontory Summit during the Golden Spike ceremony commemorating the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad.

The Jupiter was built in September 1868 by the Schenectady Locomotive Works of New York, along with three other engines, numbered 61, 62, and 63, named the Storm, Whirlwind, and Leviathan, respectively. These four engines were then dismantled and sailed to San Francisco, California, where they were loaded onto a river barge and sent to the Central Pacific headquarters in Sacramento, then reassembled and commissioned into service on March 20, 1869.

Golden Spike Ceremony

The Jupiter leads the train that carried Leland Stanford, one of the "Big Four" owners of the Central Pacific Railroad, and other railway officials to the Golden Spike Ceremony.

The Jupiter was not Leland Stanford's original choice for transporting his party to the Golden Spike site. Originally, Stanford's train was to be pulled by another Central Pacific locomotive, the Antelope. For some distance, this train followed closely behind a regularly scheduled train pulled by the Jupiter. However, at one point the two trains were to go through a cut where a logging camp resided atop the hill. Apparently, either the Jupiter did not wear the proper flag to designate an extra following close behind, or the workers had failed to notice the flag. As a result, once the Jupiter passed, the workers rolled a large log down the mountain, which struck the Antelope. With the engine damaged, a message was sent to the upcoming station to hold the approaching train. There, Stanford's consist was added to the Jupiter's train.

Post-ceremony career

After the ceremony, Jupiter continued in service for the Central Pacific. In the 1870s, the railroad decided to end their practice of naming their engines, and thus, the Jupiter name was dropped and the engine was simply known as C.P. #60. The locomotive also received many new upgrades such as a new boiler, cowcatcher, domes, and smokestack. In 1891, the Southern Pacific, which acquired the Central Pacific in 1885, began renumbering its locomotives. As part of this renumbering, the former Jupiter engine #60 became S.P. #1195. In 1893 it was converted to burn coal, and later that year was sold to the Gila Valley, Globe and Northern Railway and designated GVG&N #1. In 1909, the railroad, which had been acquired by the Southern Pacific in 1901, sold the engine that had once been the Jupiter to scrappers for $1,000.

Later reproductions

The Jupiter in a Golden Spike ceremony reenactment at the Chicago Railroad Fair. In this instance, the engine is actually the Virginia and Truckee Genoa painted and lettered to resemble the Jupiter.

The Southern Pacific, by 1901, had been placed under the control of the Union Pacific, the management of which remained largely indifferent towards both the Jupiter and the railroad's own no. 119, acknowledging neither engine's historical significance until well after being scrapped. For events such as the 1939 New York World's Fair and the Chicago Railroad Fair, a Jupiter locomotive was exhibited in celebration of the railroad's legacy, and operated in reenactments of the Golden Spike ceremony. However, this engine was actually the Virginia and Truckee Railroad's Genoa locomotive, that was cosmetically altered to resemble the Jupiter.[1][page needed]

The 1939 film Union Pacific also featured a recreation of the ceremony, in which the Jupiter was portrayed by Virginia and Truckee Railroad's Inyo. In 1969, in observation of the centennial of the Golden Spike, the Genoa again portrayed the Jupiter, operating on a section of restored trackage at the Golden Spike National Historic Site with the Virginia and Truckee's Reno portraying the Union Pacific no. 119.[2] The same year, the Union Pacific operated a special exhibition train, consisting of the Jupiter and no. 119 (these portrayed by Virginia and Truckee's Inyo and Dayton engines, respectively) along with vintage railroad construction equipment, all displayed on flatcars, which toured various parts of the Union Pacific network through the year. In 1970, the Reno was sold to Old Tucson Studios, while the Genoa was returned to the state of California, with the Inyo and Dayton replacing them as displays at Promontory.

In 1974, the National Park Service had approached O'Connor Engineering Laboratories of Costa Mesa, California, to construct exact, full-size replicas of the Jupiter and Union Pacific 119. As was the case with the engines themselves, no drawings or plans of the engines survived, necessitating entirely new drawings to be produced based mostly on photos of the engines as well as research done on similar engines built around the same time. That same year, the existing engines portraying the Jupiter and 119 (the Inyo and Dayton, respectively), had been sold to the state of Nevada, though they remained displayed at the Golden Spike NHS until the construction of the new replicas was complete. Noted railroad historian and steam engine owner Gerald M. Best served as engineering consultant to the Park Service for the project. Former Disney animator Ward Kimball was given the task of painting the replicas. The Jupiter was given a bright red paint scheme with gold leafing, typical of locomotives built in the 1870s.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

The replicas were completed in 1979, and began operations on May 10 of that year, 110 years after the original Golden Spike ceremony, and continue to make demonstration runs.[12]

In the early 1990s, a vague description of the Jupiter's livery had been found in a recently uncovered March, 1869 issue of The Sacramento Bee, in which the engine was said to be blue, crimson, and gold.[13] The engine was repainted into its current livery based on this finding along with further research on liveries of similar engines of the time. The repainted engine debuted on May 10, 1994, coinciding with the 125th anniversary of the Golden Spike ceremony.

Other historic Jupiter locomotives

The replica of Jupiter's sister engine, Leviathan, (C.P. no. 63) operating at the 2009 Train Festival.

Jupiter was known as "King of Gods" or "God of Sky", and it was common for railroads of the 1800s to name engines after this and other mythological legends to invoke awe and wonder. Thus, there have been many engines named "Jupiter" by their respective railroads that, apart from the name, had little else in common with the engine of Golden Spike fame. One such engine is Santa Cruz Railroad no. 3, also named Jupiter.[14] This engine, owned by the Smithsonian Museum, is also a wood-burning 4-4-0. However, this engine was built for narrow-gauge track, unlike the broader standard gauge of the trains at the Golden Spike ceremony.

In 2009, David H. Kloke of Kloke Locomotive Works built a full-size replica of one of the Jupiter's sibling engines, the Leviathan, no. 63, which is operational.

Media

In the final episode (aired 04 June 1959) of the Yancy Derringer television show ("Two Tickets to Promontory") Yancy, Pahoo and friends foil a plot to destroy the Jupiter train on its way to the "marrying of the rails" event. Most of the episode takes place aboard the train, with frequent shots of the locomotive throwing off sparks as it races through the night.

The Disney film The Lone Ranger features a locomotive named for and modeled after the Jupiter engine, which attends a golden spike ceremony for the film's fictional Trans-Continental Railroad. The ceremony leads to a furious chase and fighting aboard both the Jupiter and the T.C.R.R.'s Constitution train, culminating in the Jupiter plunging off a damaged bridge and into the river below.

The bluegrass band Railroad Earth has a song entitled "The Jupiter and the 119" about the meeting of the two trains.

In 2015, a Lego model depicting the Jupiter locomotive was submitted to the Lego Ideas website.[15][16] Despite that, however, it never reached the required amount of followers for the product to come to reality.

On May 10, 2017; Train Simulator (Dovetail Games) released Downloadable content including the locomotive in their Pro Range series. [17]

In the 2018 Thomas and Friends special "Big World! Big Adventures!", the new character Beau is based on the Jupiter No. 60 locomotive.

See also

References

  1. ^ Appleman, Roy E. (July 1966). Union Pacific Locomotive #119 And Central Pacific Locomotive #60, Jupiter, At Promontory Summit, Utah, May 10, 1869 (PDF). Washington, D.C.: National Park Service – via CPRR.org.
  2. ^ "Exhibits". California Railroad Museum.
  3. ^ Dowty, Robert R. (1994). Rebirth of the Jupiter and the 119: Building the Replica Locomotives at Golden Spike. Tucson, AZ: Southwest Parks & Monuments Association. p. 35.
  4. ^ . Pentrex. 1997. Missing or empty |title= (help) [full citation needed]
  5. ^ "Colored Steam Locomotives". SteamLocomotive.com. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
  6. ^ "Question: Engineering Drawings for the Jupiter and No. 119". CPRR Discussion Group. Retrieved August 17, 2011. [unreliable source?]
  7. ^ National Park Service, Dept. of the Interior, Golden Spike National Historic Site, Brigham City, UT. "Golden Spike" (PDF). Retrieved August 17, 2011.
  8. ^ "Union Pacific's 119: Golden Spike Pictures". Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
  9. ^ Best, Gerald M. (1980). Promontory's Locomotives. San Marino, CA: Golden West Books. pp. 12–43.
  10. ^ Central Pacific Jupiter and Union Pacific 119 at Promontory, UT, 6-8-09 (YouTube). Retrieved November 24, 2011.
  11. ^ Promontory Locomotive Project: Plans for the Jupiter and No. 119 (DVD)|format= requires |url= (help). Western National Parks Association.
  12. ^ a b Broggie, Michael (2006). Walt Disney's Railroad Story: The Small-Scale Fascination that Led to a Full-Scale Kingdom (second ed.). Virginia Beach, Virginia: The Donning Company Publishers. pp. 149–50. ISBN 1-57864-309-0.
  13. ^ "Golden Spike's Jupiter may get true blue paint job". Deseret News. Associated Press. January 2, 1994. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  14. ^ "The narrow-gauge Jupiter at the Smithsonian". American History. Smithsonian Institution.
  15. ^ "Golden Spike Ceremony". Lego Ideas.
  16. ^ "How this Utah monument could become a new Lego set". Salt Lake Tribune.
  17. ^ "Train Simulator: CPRR 4-4-0 No. 60 'Jupiter' Steam Loco Add-On on Steam". store.steampowered.com. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  • Golden Spike National Historic Site (2006). Everlasting Steam: The Story of Jupiter and No. 119. (PDF). Brigham City, UT: U.S. National Park Service.
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