Juncker Commission

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Juncker delivering a speech at the election congress of the People's Party in March 2014

The Juncker Commission is the European Commission in office since 1 November 2014 and is due to serve until 2019. Its president is Jean-Claude Juncker, who presides over 27 other commissioners (one from each of the states composing the European Union, except Luxembourg, which is Juncker's state). In July 2014, Juncker was officially elected to succeed José Manuel Barroso, who completed his second five-year term in that year.[1]

The logo used in the 2014 campaign

Election

The campaign bus of Jean-Claude Juncker used for the 2014 election.

In the 2014 parliamentary election, Juncker campaigned as the candidate of the European People's Party (EPP) for the presidency of the European Commission. The EPP won a plurality in parliament, and on 27 June, the European Council nominated him for the post. Later, on 15 July 2014, the European Parliament elected Juncker as the new Commission president.[2][3][4] On 22 October, the European Parliament approved the Juncker Commission in its entirety, and during the 23–24 October 2014 meeting of the European Council, the Council formally appointed the new Commission.[5][6] On 1 November 2014 the new Commission officially assumed office.[7][8]

Juncker has outlined a ten-point agenda for his Presidency focusing on jobs and growth.[9]

Commissioners

The following college of commissioners serve under Juncker's presidency[10][11][12]

Parties

  European People's Party (14)   Party of European Socialists (8)   Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (5)   None (1)

Nominee Portrait Portfolio State Party
Juncker, Jean-ClaudeJean-Claude Juncker Ioannes Claudius Juncker die 7 Martis 2014.jpg President Luxembourg Luxembourg EPP
National: CSV
Timmermans, FransFrans Timmermans Frans Timmermans 2013.jpg First Vice President Netherlands Netherlands PES
National: PvdA
Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, Rule of Law and Charter of Fundamental Rights
Mogherini, FedericaFederica Mogherini Federica Mogherini Official.jpg Vice President Italy Italy PES
National: PD
Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
Gabriel, MariyaMariya Gabriel Gabriel Mariya 2014-02-06 2.jpg Digital Economy and Society Bulgaria Bulgaria EPP
National: GERB
Šefčovič, MarošMaroš Šefčovič Maroš Šefčovič Senate of Poland 01.JPG Vice President Slovakia Slovakia PES
National: Smer-SD
Energy Union
Katainen, JyrkiJyrki Katainen Jyrki Katainen in June 2013 (cropped).jpg Vice President Finland Finland EPP
National: KOK
Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness
Dombrovskis, ValdisValdis Dombrovskis Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpg Vice President Latvia Latvia EPP
National: Unity
Euro and Social Dialogue and Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union
Ansip, AndrusAndrus Ansip Portrait Andrus Ansip.jpg Vice President Estonia Estonia ALDE
National: Reform
Digital Single Market
Jourová, VěraVěra Jourová Věra Jourová.jpg Justice and Consumers Czech Republic Czech Republic ALDE
National: ANO
Oettinger, GüntherGünther Oettinger Günther Oettinger 2014.jpg Budget and Human Resources Germany Germany EPP
National: CDU
Moscovici, PierrePierre Moscovici Pierre Moscovici en mai 2010.png Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs France France PES
National: PS
Thyssen, MarianneMarianne Thyssen CD&V members in 40th anniversary of the European People's Party in Luxembourg (cropped).jpg Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility Belgium Belgium EPP
National: CD&V
Crețu, CorinaCorina Crețu Corina Cretu.jpg Regional Policy Romania Romania PES
National: PSD
Hahn, JohannesJohannes Hahn Johannes Hahn 2014.jpg European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations Austria Austria EPP
National: ÖVP
Avramopoulos, DimitrisDimitris Avramopoulos Dimitris Avramopoulos 2015.jpg Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship Greece Greece EPP
National: ND
Andriukaitis, VytenisVytenis Andriukaitis Vytenis Povilas Andriukaitis.jpg Health and Food Safety Lithuania Lithuania PES
National: SDP
Julian King Sir Julian King, HM Ambassador to France.jpg Security Union United Kingdom United Kingdom None
Bieńkowska, ElżbietaElżbieta Bieńkowska Elżbieta Bieńkowska Kancelaria Senatu.jpg Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs Poland Poland EPP
National: PO
Cañete, Miguel AriasMiguel Arias Cañete Miguel Arias Cañete (cropped) (2).jpg Climate Action and Energy Spain Spain EPP
National: PP
Mimica, NevenNeven Mimica N mimica.jpg International Cooperation and Development Croatia Croatia PES
National: SDP
Vestager, MargretheMargrethe Vestager Margrethe Vestager (2011).jpg Competition Denmark Denmark ALDE
National: RV
Bulc, VioletaVioleta Bulc Violeta Bulc 2014-11.jpg Transport Slovenia Slovenia ALDE
National: SMC
Malmström, CeciliaCecilia Malmström Cecilia Malmström 2014.jpg Trade Sweden Sweden ALDE
National: L
Vella, KarmenuKarmenu Vella KarmenuVellaPolitician.jpg Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Malta Malta PES
National: PL
Navracsics, TiborTibor Navracsics Navracsics Tibor Portrait.jpg Education, Culture, Youth and Sport Hungary Hungary EPP
National: Fidesz
Moedas, CarlosCarlos Moedas Carlos Moedas (cropped).JPG Research, Science and Innovation Portugal Portugal EPP
National: PSD
Hogan, PhilPhil Hogan Phil Hogan.jpg Agriculture and Rural Development Republic of Ireland Ireland EPP
National: FG
Stylianides, ChristosChristos Stylianides Stylianides.JPG Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Cyprus Cyprus EPP
National: DISY

Former members

Nominee Portrait Portfolio State Party
Hill, JonathanJonathan Hill Jonathan Hill 2015.jpg Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union United Kingdom United Kingdom AECR
National: Conservative
Georgieva, KristalinaKristalina Georgieva Kristalina Georgieva (cropped).jpg Vice President Bulgaria Bulgaria EPP
National: GERB
Budget and Human Resources

President's cabinet

The President's cabinet supports the President of the commission, and thus has a very central role in coordinating the work of the European Commission as a whole. The president's cabinet is led by Martin Selmayr, who has been widely described as "the most powerful EU chief of staff ever."[13]

Project teams

Juncker has for the first time proposed a commission that clusters certain members together under designated policy areas. These clusters are known as "Project Teams" and will each be headed by one of the vice presidents.[14] Each team is composed of a core membership in addition to members who may fall under its respective umbrella as needed.[15] Timmermans and Georgieva both oversee all commissioners while the remaining five project teams are as follows:

A Connected Digital Single Market

Vice President: Andrus Ansip (Digital Single Market)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Deeper and Fairer Economic and Monetary Union

Vice President: Valdis Dombrovskis (Euro and Social Dialogue)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)

A New Boost for Jobs, Growth and Investment

Vice President: Jyrki Katainen (Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy

Vice President: Maroš Šefčovič (Energy Union)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Stronger Global Actor

Vice President: Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)

A European Agenda on Migration

In 2015, when European migrant crisis unfolded, new project team was formed.[16]

First Vice President: Frans Timmermans (Better Regulation, Interinstitutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights)
Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Julian King (Security Union)[17]

References

  1. ^ Barroso names new EU commission team. Euronews. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  2. ^ Parliament elects ‘politically ecumenical’ Juncker as Commission President EurActiv
  3. ^ Blow to Cameron as centrist MEPs back Juncker for European commission job The Guardian
  4. ^ Baker, Luke (2014-06-23). "Battle over Juncker underlines EU parliament's 'adulthood' | Reuters". Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04. 
  5. ^ "EUROPEAN COUNCIL DECISION appointing the European Commission" (PDF). European Council. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "European Council (23 and 24 October 2014) ‒ Conclusions" (PDF). European Council. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "The new European Commission – Parliament elects new European Commission". European Parliament. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Juncker Commission takes office". European Commission. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Jean-Claude Juncker: My Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change The Parliament Magazine
  10. ^ Cerulus, Laurens (July 10, 2014). "Juncker wants more women in new Commission team". 
  11. ^ "Poland, Italy nominations leave Juncker needing four more commissioners –". Euractiv.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04. 
  12. ^ EU Commission College
  13. ^ HERSZENHORN, DAVID M. (17 Nov 2016). "‘Monster’ at the Berlaymont". Politico. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 
  14. ^ Vice-presidents to lead teams of commissioners
  15. ^ The new structure of the Juncker Commission
  16. ^ Juncker Commission. One year on
  17. ^ President Juncker consults the European Parliament on Sir Julian King as Commissioner for the Security Union

External links

  • Political guidelines
  • Priorities
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