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July is the seventh month of the year (between June and August) in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the fourth month to have the length of 31 days. It was named by the Roman Senate in honor of the Roman general, Julius Cæsar, it being the month of his birth. Prior to that, it was called Quintilis.

It is on average the warmest month in most of the Northern hemisphere (where it is the second month of summer) and the coldest month in much of the Southern hemisphere (where it is the second month of winter). The second half of the year commences in July. In the Southern hemisphere, July is the seasonal equivalent of January in the Northern hemisphere.

In the Northern Hemisphere, "Dog days" are considered to begin in early July, when the hot sultry weather of summer usually starts. Spring lambs, born in late winter or early spring, are usually sold before July 1.

July is the traditional period known as "fence month" (the closed season for deer in England), the end Trinity Term (sitting of the High Court of Justice of England), taking place on July 31, and also the time in which the elections of Japanese House of Councillors, replacing half of its seats, held every three years (the latest one in 2016).

In Ancient Rome the festival of Poplifugia was celebrated on July 5, Ludi Apollinares on July 13 and for several days afterwards, but these dates does not correspond to the modern Gregorian one.


This list does not necessarily imply either official status nor general observance.

Fireworks in Washington, DC, to celebrate Independence Day on July 4

Month-long observances

Non-Gregorian observances, 2017

(Please note that all Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin on sundown prior to the date listed, and end on the sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Movable observances, 2017

First Saturday: June 1

First Saturday and Sunday: June 1-2

First Sunday: June 2

Sunday closest to July 2: July 2

First Full Week in July: July 2-8

First Monday: July 3

Day after First Monday: July 4

July 5 or following Monday if its a weekend: July 5

First Friday: July 7

Second Sunday: July 9

Nearest Sunday to July 11

Second Thursday

Third Sunday

Third Monday

Third Monday and Tuesday

Weekend of fourth Saturday

Fourth Sunday:

Second to Last Sunday

Fourth Thursday

Thursday before the first Monday in August

Following Friday: July 29

Fourth Friday

Last Friday

Last Saturday

Last Sunday: July 30

Movable Western Christian observances

Movable Eastern Christian observances

Fixed Gregorian observances

July symbols

See also


External links

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