Joseph Stanton Jr.

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Joseph Stanton Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Rhode Island's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1801 – March 3, 1807
Preceded by John Brown
Succeeded by Isaac Wilbour
United States Senator
from Rhode Island
In office
June 12, 1790 – March 3, 1793
Preceded by (none)
Succeeded by William Bradford
Personal details
Born (1739-07-19)July 19, 1739
Charlestown, Rhode Island
Died December 15, 1821(1821-12-15) (aged 82)
Lebanon, Connecticut
Political party Anti-Administration
Democratic Republican

Joseph Stanton Jr. (July 19, 1739 – December 15, 1821[a]) was a military officer, a United States senator of the Anti-Federalist faction and a United States Representative of the Democratic-Republican party.

Early life

Stanton was born in Charlestown, Rhode Island in 1739. During the French and Indian War he served in the expedition against Quebec 1759. In June 1762 he was appointed captain of the Artillery Company of Westerly, Charlestown and Hopkinton. He represented Charlestown in the Rhode Island General Assembly from 1768 to 1774 and again in 1776.

Military service

During the American Revolutionary War, Stanton was commissioned as the lieutenant colonel of the 1st Kings County Regiment of the Rhode Island Militia in July 1776. He then served as the colonel of a regiment of state troops, raised for 15 months service, from December 12, 1776 until his resignation on November 10, 1777. (The regiment was part of a brigade of two infantry and one artillery regiments which was formed to deter an invasion of the mainland portion of Rhode Island by the British forces occupying Newport.) [2]:354

In May 1779 he was appointed at the colonel of the 1st Kings County Regiment of the militia and was subsequently appointed a brigadier general in command of the Kings County Brigade of militia in October of the same year.[2]:378 In May 1788 he was promoted to major general in command of the entire Rhode Island Militia.[2]:458 He held this position until his resignation in October 1790.[2]:480

Political career

He was a delegate to the Rhode Island Constitutional Convention in 1790, which ratified the United States Constitution and enabled Rhode Island to be the last of the 13 colonies to join the Union.

He was elected by the General Assembly to serve as one of the first two U.S. Senators from Rhode Island, and served from June 12, 1790 to March 3, 1793 as a member of the Anti-Administration Party (i.e. opposed to President George Washington). He was later elected to the United States House of Representatives, where he served from March 4, 1801 to March 3, 1807 as a member of the Jeffersonian Democrat-Republican Party.

Stanton died in Lebanon, Connecticut in 1821 at the age of 82, and was buried in the Stanton family cemetery in Charlestown.[3][4]

Legacy

There is a monument to Senator Stanton on US Route 1 in Charlestown, Rhode Island, in front of his birthplace, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The General Stanton Inn in Charlestown is named after him.

References

  1. ^ Although Stanton's Congressional Biography gives his death as occurring in 1807 (no date), Stanton's gravestone gives his death date as December 15, 1821.[1]
  1. ^ Stanton's gravestone
  2. ^ a b c d Civil and Military List of Rhode Island, 1647-1800.
  3. ^ Cemetery Registry
  4. ^ "Death Notices". Hartford Times. Hartford, CT. January 8, 1822. p. 3. Retrieved November 11, 2017 – via GenealogyBank.com. (Subscription required (help)).

External links

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
None
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Rhode Island
1790–1793
Served alongside: Theodore Foster
Succeeded by
William Bradford
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Brown
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Rhode Island's At-large district

1801—1807
Succeeded by
Isaac Wilbour
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