Joseph Alsop

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Joseph Alsop
Alsop in 1974
Alsop in 1974
Born Joseph Wright Alsop V
(1910-10-10)October 10, 1910
Avon, Connecticut, U.S.
Died August 28, 1989(1989-08-28) (aged 78)
Georgetown, Washington, D.C., U.S.
Occupation
Nationality American
Education Groton School
Alma mater Harvard University
Spouse
Susan Mary Jay
(m. 1961; div. 1978)
Military career
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
Battles/wars World War II

Joseph Wright Alsop V (October 10, 1910 – August 28, 1989) was an American journalist and syndicated newspaper columnist from the 1930s through the 1970s. He was an influential journalist and top insider in Washington from 1945 to the late 1960s, often in conjunction with his brother Stewart Alsop.

Early life

Alsop was born on October 10, 1910, in Avon, Connecticut, to Joseph Wright Alsop IV (1876–1953) and Corinne Douglas Robinson (1886–1971).[1] Through his mother, he was related to Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and James Monroe. Both of Alsop's parents were active in Republican politics. His father unsuccessfully sought the governorship of Connecticut several times, his mother founded the Connecticut League of Republican Women in 1917, and both served in the Connecticut General Assembly, as did his younger brother John deKoven Alsop.[2]

Alsop graduated from the Groton School, a private boarding school in Groton, Massachusetts, in 1928, and from Harvard University in 1932.[3]

Journalism career

After college, Alsop became a reporter, then an unusual career for someone with an Ivy League diploma. He began his career with the New York Herald Tribune and fast established a substantial reputation as a journalist, particularly by his comprehensive reportage of the Bruno Hauptmann trial in 1934.[3]

Because of his family ties to the Roosevelts, Alsop soon became well-connected in Franklin Roosevelt's Washington. By 1936, The Saturday Evening Post had awarded him a contract to write about politics with fellow journalist Turner Catledge. Two years later, the North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA) contracted Alsop and Robert E. Kintner to write a nationally syndicated column on a daily basis. His first book The 168 Days (1938), covering Roosevelt's unsuccessful campaign to enlarge the Supreme Court, became a bestseller.[2] In 1940 Alsop and Kintner moved from NANA to the New York Herald Tribune.

In 1941, after it had become clear that the United States would soon enter World War II, Alsop and Kintner suspended their column and volunteered for the armed forces. After the war, Alsop resumed his journalism career, now working with his brother Stewart to produce a thrice-weekly piece, called "Matter of Fact", for the Herald Tribune. The use of the word "fact" reflected Alsop's pride in producing a column based on reporting, rather than the opinion pieces of many other columnists. Stewart remained headquartered in Washington to cover domestic politics, and Joseph traveled the world, covering foreign affairs. Their partnership lasted from 1945 until 1958, when Joseph became the sole author of "Matter of Fact" until his retirement in 1974.

The Alsops once described themselves as "Republicans by inheritance and registration, and... conservatives by political conviction."[4] Despite his identity as a conservative Republican, however, Alsop was an early supporter of the presidential ambitions of Democrat John F. Kennedy and became a close friend and influential adviser to Kennedy after his election, in November 1960. Additionally, "while Stewart was more liberal than Joseph, he nonetheless characterized both of them as 'New Deal liberals'". Joseph Alsop was a vocal supporter of America's involvement in Vietnam, which led to bitter breaks with many of his liberal friends and a decline in the influence of his column.

Military service and CIA

Alsop entered the US Navy and used his political connections to be assigned as Staff Historian to Claire Lee Chennault's American Volunteer Group, later famous as the Flying Tigers,[5] while the group was training at Toungoo, Burma. While on a supply mission for Chennault late in the fall of 1941, he found himself in Hong Kong on December 7. Unable to secure passage out of the city, Alsop was eventually taken into custody as an enemy alien and interned at Hong Kong by the Japanese. After six months he was repatriated through a prisoner exchange as a journalist, but he had really been a combatant, a fact he managed to conceal by changing into civilian clothes and with the help of friends. He traveled back to the United States on the neutral liner Gripsholm. He returned to China as a civilian Lend-lease administrator in the fall of 1942, assigned to the wartime capital, Chungking. He eventually rejoined Chennault in Kunming, China and served with him for the remaining months of the war.

In subsequent years, Alsop also helped the CIA in its intelligence-gathering activities, using his status as a foreign correspondent as cover. In 1953, Alsop covered Philippine elections at the CIA's request.[6]

Personal life

In 1961, he married Susan Mary Jay Patten, daughter of diplomat Peter Augustus Jay, a descendant of John Jay, and the widow of William Patten,[7] an American diplomat who was one of Alsop's friends. By this marriage he had two stepchildren, William and Anne. The couple divorced in 1978.[2]

A noted art connoisseur and collector, Alsop delivered six lectures at the National Gallery of Art in Washington on The History of Art Collecting in the summer of 1978.[2]

He was at work on a memoir when he died at his home in the Georgetown section of Washington, D.C., on August 28, 1989.[2] He is buried at Indian Hill Cemetery, Middletown, Connecticut.[8] The memoir was published posthumously as I've Seen the Best of It.

Sexuality

Alsop kept his homosexuality a closely guarded secret all of his life.[9] Richard Helms called him "a scrupulously closeted homosexual."[10]

Nevertheless, Senator Joseph McCarthy insinuated that Alsop was homosexual in the course of a dispute with The Saturday Evening Post about its coverage of his campaign to remove "perverts" from government employment. When McCarthy implied that Alsop was not "healthy and normal," a Post editor vouched for him: "I know Alsop well, and I know he is a man of high character, with great courage and integrity."[11]

Early in 1957, the KGB photographed him in a hotel room in Moscow while he was having sex with another man, an agent of the Soviet Union. He rebuffed Soviet attempts at blackmail, instead writing "a detailed account of the incident and a relevant narrative history of his sex life." It has been described as "brimming with revelations about Alsop's sex life on several continents," including a report that one of his lovers was Arthur H. Vandenberg, Jr., who had resigned as Dwight Eisenhower's appointments secretary in 1953.[12] His accounts, delivered to a friend in the CIA, quickly reached the FBI, allowing J. Edgar Hoover to spread the information through the Eisenhower administration, many of whose members had fought sharp battles with Alsop.[13]

Hoover told President Lyndon B. Johnson about the Moscow incident in 1964,[14] and Johnson told Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara about Alsop's FBI file.[15]

In 1965, Alsop complained to friends that Johnson was tapping his phone, a claim that infuriated Johnson, who believed that he had protected Alsop from McCarthy's attacks. Alsop told White House Press Secretary Bill Moyers that he believed the administration was tapping his phone and was spreading gossip about his personal life, all in an attempt to stop leaks.

When Moyers reported the charges, Johnson ordered Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach to be certain no such wiretap was in place and protested that he never ordered one: "I'm as innocent of it as I am of murdering your wife," he told Katzenbach.[16]

In the 1970s, the Soviets sent Alsop's embarrassing photos to several prominent American journalists without adverse consequences. Alsop considered making his homosexuality public to end the harassment but decided otherwise.[17]

In popular culture

John Steinbeck references Alsop in Travels with Charley (1962), calling him a "justly famous critic of places and events".[18]

In Gore Vidal's novel Washington, D.C. (1967), the character of a gay journalist is loosely based on Alsop.[19]

Sheep on the Runway, a play by humorist Art Buchwald, satirized Alsop as an obsessive war correspondent. The play opened at the Helen Hayes Theatre and ran from January 31 to May 2, 1970.[20]

Alsop's life was dramatized in David Auburn's play The Columnist, which ran on Broadway from April 25 to July 8, 2012, and focused on the interplay of his politics, his journalism, and his sexuality. He was portayed by John Lithgow in the original production.[21]

Publications

Politics
  • Joseph Alsop; Turner Catledge (1938). The 168 Days. Doubleday, Doran & Co. 
  • Joseph Alsop; Robert Kintner (1939). Men Around the President. Doubleday, Doran & Co. 
  • Joseph Alsop; Robert Kintner (1940). American White Paper: The Story of American Diplomacy and the Second World War. Simon & Schuster. 
  • Joseph Alsop; Stewart Alsop (1954). We Accuse! The Story of the Miscarriage of American Justice in the Case of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Simon and Schuster. 
  • Joseph Alsop; Stewart Alsop (1958). The Reporter's Trade. Reynal and Co. 
  • Joseph Alsop (1982). FDR, 1882–1945: A Centenary Remembrance. Thorndike Press. 
Memoirs
  • Joseph Alsop; Adam Platt (1992). "I've Seen the Best of It": Memoirs. W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 978-0393029178. 
Art
  • Joseph Alsop (1964). From the Silent Earth: A Report on the Greek Bronze Age. Harper & Row. 
  • Joseph Alsop (1982). The Rare Art Traditions: The History of Art Collecting and Its Linked Phenomena Wherever These Have Appeared. Harper & Row. 

References

Notes
  1. ^ Robert W. Merry (1997). Taking on the World: Joseph and Stewart Alsop, Guardians of the American Century. Penguin Group. p. 4. ISBN 9780140149845. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Eric Pace (August 29, 1989). "Joseph Alsop Dies at Home at 78". The New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Applegate, Edd (2008). Muckrakers: A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6108-4. Retrieved December 15, 2011. 
  4. ^ Alsop, Joseph; Stewart Alsop (1958). The Reporter's Trade. New York: Reynal & Company. p. Foreword. 
  5. ^ Rossi, J. R. "Complete Roster of the American Volunteer Group, 1941-'42". The Flying Tigers - American Volunteer Group - Chinese Air Force. 
  6. ^ Bernstein, Carl (October 20, 1977). "The CIA and the media". Rolling Stone. 
  7. ^ "Susan Jay Fiancee of William Patten" (PDF). The New York Times. August 3, 1939. Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  8. ^ Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Location 999). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition.
  9. ^ Merry, Robert W. (1996). Taking on the World: Joseph and Stewart Alsop – Guardians of the American Century. New York: Viking. pp. 360–365. ISBN 978-0670838684. 
  10. ^ Richard Helms (2004). A Look Over My Shoulder: A Life in the Central Intelligence Agency. Presidio Press. p. 150. ISBN 978-0375500121. 
  11. ^ Edwin R. Bayley (1981). Joe McCarthy and the Press. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 161ff. ISBN 978-0299086206. ; Robert W. Merry (1996). Taking on the World: Joseph and Stewart Alsop, Guardians of the American Century. New York: Viking. pp. 216–7. Merry calls this defense of Alsop "tepid. 
  12. ^ Michael Beschloss (2001). Reaching for Glory: Lyndon Johnson's Secret White House Tapes, 1964–1965. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 254n. ISBN 978-0684804088. 
  13. ^ Edwin M. Yoder, Jr. (1995). Joe Alsop's Cold War: A Study of Journalistic Influence and Intrigue. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press. pp. 153–6. ISBN 978-0807857175. 
  14. ^ Beschloss, 145
  15. ^ Beschloss, 150
  16. ^ Beschloss, 251–4, 260
  17. ^ Yoder, 157–8
  18. ^ John Steinbeck (1962). Travels With Charley: In search of America. Viking Press. p. 76. LCCN 62012359. 
  19. ^ David K. Johnson (2004). The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 111. 
  20. ^ Herken, Gregg. The Georgetown Set. Knopf. pp. 331–341. ISBN 978-0307271181. 
  21. ^ The New York Times: Ben Brantley, "Revealing Naked Power Behind the Mask", April 25, 2012, accessed June 15, 2012

Further reading

  • Herken, Gregg (2014). The Georgetown Set: Friends and Rivals in Cold War Washington. Knopf. ISBN 978-0307271181. 
  • Yoder, Jr., Edwin M. (1995). Joe Alsop's Cold War: A Study of Journalistic Influence and Intrigue. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press. 

External links

  • Booknotes interview with Robert Merry on Taking on the World: Joseph and Stewart Alsop - Guardians of the American Century, March 24, 1996.
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