Jonathan Schell

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Schell giving a reading at the Occupy Wall Street event Occupy Town Square, in Tompkins Square Park in New York, February 2012

Jonathan Edward Schell (August 21, 1943 – March 25, 2014)[1][2] was an American author and visiting fellow at Yale University, whose work primarily dealt with campaigning against nuclear weapons.

Career

His work appeared in The Nation, The New Yorker, and TomDispatch. The Fate of the Earth received the Los Angeles Times Book Prize, among other awards, and was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Award, and the National Critics Award. In his words ; “Never has a nation unleashed so much violence with so little risk to itself. It is the government’s way of waging war without the support of its own people, and involves us all in the dishonor of killing in a cause we are no longer willing to die for."[3]

From 1967 until 1987, he was a staff writer at The New Yorker, where he served as the principal writer of the magazine's Notes and Comment section. He was a columnist for Newsday from 1990 until 1996. He has taught at many universities, including Princeton, Emory, New York University, the New School, Wesleyan University and the Yale Law School. At the time of his death he was a Visiting Lecturer at Yale College.

In the early 1980s, Schell wrote a series of articles in The New Yorker (subsequently published in 1982 as The Fate of the Earth), which were instrumental in raising public awareness about the dangers of the nuclear arms race. He became a persistent advocate for disarmament and a world free of nuclear weapons.[4]

In 1987, he was a fellow at the Institute of Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government and in 2002, a fellow at the Kennedy School's Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics, and Public Policy. In 2003, he was a visiting lecturer at Yale Law School, and in 2005, a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Yale's Center for the Study of Globalization.[5]

From 1998 to his death in 2014 he was a Senior Fellow at The Nation Institute and the Peace and Disarmament Correspondent for The Nation magazine.[6]

In 2002 and 2003, Schell was a persistent critic of the invasion of Iraq.[7] He has since commented, "There doesn't seem to be a rush to find the people who were right about Iraq and install them in the mainstream media."[8]

He won George Polk Awards in 1976 and also published essays on the Presidency of Richard Nixon, as well as the aftermath to the Watergate scandal, which led to the president’s resignation in 1974, forming the basis to his book, The Time of Illusion.

Personal

Schell was born in New York City on August 21, 1943, to Orville Hickock Schell Jr., a lawyer who chaired Human Rights Watch, and Marjorie Bertha. He studied at Dalton School in New York and The Putney School in Vermont, later on graduating from Harvard University in 1965, in Far Eastern history.[6] Then he spent a year learning Japanese at the International Christian University in Tokyo. He penned The Village of Ben Suc when he stopped at Vietnam in 1966, en route back to the United States from Tokyo, this book started as a series of articles in the New Yorker.[9] At just 24, he managed a press pass to Saigon, of The Harvard Crimson, whose correspondents helped him to cover the war. Armed with a moral conscience he wrote; "Faithful to the initial design, Air Force jets sent their bombs down on the deserted ruins, scorching again the burned foundations of the houses and pulverizing for a second time the heaps of rubble, in the hope of collapsing tunnels too deep and well hidden for the bulldozers to crush—as though, having decided to destroy it, we were now bent on annihilating every possible indication that the village of Ben Suc had ever existed."[10][11]

His next book, The Military Half: An Account of Destruction in Quang Ngai and Quang Tin, published in 1968, too drew a graphic picture of the devastating effects of American bombings and ground operations on Quảng Ngãi Province and Quảng Tín Province in South Vietnam, as he was a witness to Operation Cedar Falls.[12][13]

He was the brother of Suzanne Schell Pearce, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Orville Schell, former dean of the University of California, Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism.[14] and current Arthur Ross Director of the Center on U.S.-China Relations at Asia Society in New York. He was a graduate of The Putney School in Putney, Vermont.

Jonathan Schell died at the age of 70, on the night of March 25, 2014 at his home in Brooklyn, with a cancer caused by an underlying blood condition, which has been attributed to Agent Orange, a poisonous herbicide and defoliant chemical, used by the U.S. military in Operation Ranch Hand, as reported by Veteran’s Administration website. His last years were spent on research on climate change for the book he titled, The Human Shadow, which sadly never got to be written.[15]

Reviews, response, and criticism

In 1967, John Mecklin wrote in The New York Times that The Village of Ben Suc, Jonathan Schell's first book, was "written with a skill that many a veteran war reporter will envy, eloquently sensitive, subtly clothed in an aura of detachment, understated, extraordinarily persuasive."[16]

Reviewing, The Military Half: An Account of Destruction in Quang Ngai and Quang Tin, journalist and historian Jonathan Mirsky[17] wrote in The Nation; "I know no book which has made me angrier and more ashamed."

On its publication in 1982, "The Fate of the Earth" was described by Kai Erikson in The New York Times as "a work of enormous force" and "an event of profound historical moment.... [I]n the end, it accomplishes what no other work has managed to do in the 37 years of the nuclear age. It compels us - and compel is the right word - to confront head on the nuclear peril in which we all find ourselves."[18]The book also reflected on the end of love, politics and art, and annihilation of humans as a species. CBS newsman Walter Cronkite called the book "one of the most important works of recent years", which made this book on nuclear disarmament, a commercial success.

Writing in Foreign Affairs magazine, however, David Greenberg called The Fate of the Earth an “overwrought doomsday polemic.”[19] Two decades later, in Slate.com, Michael Kinsley characterized it as "an overheated stew of the obvious and the idiotic" and suggested it was "the silliest book ever taken seriously by serious people."[20] The Los Angeles Times noted that "some reviewers found Schell's book shrill and overstated."[21]

Reviewing The Seventh Decade: The New Shape of Nuclear Danger in The New York Times in 2007, Martin Walker characterized it as "a passionate and cogently argued case for the complete abolition of nuclear weapons.... There is little in Schell’s book that is new, but his careful assembly of the available evidence will scare the pants off most readers. And so it should."[22]

In his heyday at The New Yorker, some of Schell's colleagues referred to him as "the incredibly boring Jonathan Schell." [23]

Selected publications

See also

References

  1. ^ "Author, anti-war activist Jonathan Schell dies at 70". Usatoday.com. 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  2. ^ "Progressives Mourn Passing of Author and Activist Jonathan Schell | Common Dreams | Breaking News & Views for the Progressive Community". Common Dreams. 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  3. ^ Adam Bernstein on Jonathan Schell; The Washington Post[1]
  4. ^ "Search | Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists". Thebulletin.org. Archived from the original on 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  5. ^ "Jonathan Schell Bio". Ycsg.yale.edu. Archived from the original on 2014-12-28. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  6. ^ a b "Fellows". Nation Institute. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  7. ^ "The Case Against the War - by Jonathan Schell". Redrat.net. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  8. ^ [2] Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Howard Zinn and Anthony Arnove. 10th Aniv. 3rd Edition. Voices of a People's History of the United States
  10. ^ Postscript: Jonathan Schell, 1943-2014, David Remnick [3]
  11. ^ David Remnick[4]The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama.
  12. ^ The Military Half: An Account of Destruction in Quang Ngai and Quang Tin [5][6]
  13. ^ Jonathan Schell, 70, Author on War in Vietnam and Nuclear Age, Dies[7]
  14. ^ [8] Archived July 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ In Memoriam: Jonathan Schell (1943-2014)[9]
  16. ^ Johnson, George (1988-02-28). "New & Noteworthy". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  17. ^ Jonathan Mirsky[10]
  18. ^ "A HORROR BEYOND COMPREHENSION". The New York Times. 1982-04-11. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  19. ^ David Greenberg (2000-03-01). "The Empire Strikes Out: Why Star Wars Did Not End the Cold War". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  20. ^ "Gratuitous Meritocracy". Slate.com. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  21. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/2014/mar/26/local/la-me-jonathan-schell-20140327
  22. ^ "Smoking Guns and Mushroom Clouds". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
  23. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=MBsraeHJRB4C&pg=PA112&dq=%22incredibly+boring+jonathan+schell%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=TwJoU_CjDsmArge_8oHwCQ&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22incredibly%20boring%20jonathan%20schell%22&f=false

External links

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