Jaun Elia

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Jaun Elia
Native name
جون ایلیا
Born (1931-12-14)14 December 1931
Amroha, Uttar Pradesh, British India
Died 8 November 2002(2002-11-08) (aged 70)
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Occupation Urdu Poet, scholar philosopher
Nationality Pakistani
Education Philosopher, biographer, and scholar
Genre Ghazal poetry
Notable works Shayad, Yani, Lekin, Gumman, Goya, Farnod
Children Zeryoun Elia, Fainaana Farnaam, Sohaina Elia

Jaun Elia (Urdu: جون ایلیا‎, 14 December 1931 – 8 November 2002) was a Pakistani (Born in India) [1] Urdu poet, philosopher, biographer, and scholar. He was the brother of Rais Amrohvi and Syed Muhammad Taqi, who were journalists and psychoanalysts. He was fluent in Urdu, Arabic, English, Persian, Sanskrit and Hebrew. One of the most prominent modern Pakistani poets, popular for his unconventional ways,[2] he "acquired knowledge of philosophy, logic, Islamic history, the Muslim Sufi tradition, Muslim religious sciences, Western literature, and Kabbala."[3]

Early life

Jaun Elia[4] was born on 14 December 1931 in Amroha, Uttar Pradesh, India.[5] He was the youngest of his siblings. Rais Amrohvi was his elder brother. His father, Shafiq Hasan Elia, worked in art and literature. Shafiq was also an astrologer and a poet.[6] Indian film director Kamal Amrohi was his first cousin.[7]

During his youth, Pakistan became an independent Muslim state. Being a communist, Elia was averse to the idea, but finally accepted it as a compromise.[8] He migrated to Pakistan in 1957, and decided to live in Karachi. Poet Pirzada Qasim said:

Jaun was very particular about language. While his diction is rooted in the classical tradition, he touches on new subjects. He remained in quest of an ideal all his life. Unable to find the ideal eventually, he became angry and frustrated. He felt, perhaps with reason, that he had squandered his talent.[9]

Religious view

Jaun Elia was shia muslim.[10]


Poetry collections

  • Sukhan Meri Udasi Hai [11]
  • Zakham e Umeed [12]
  • Mubada [13]
  • Tumharey Aur Mere Darmiyan [14]
  • Daricha Haye Kheyal [15]
  • Qitaat [16]
  • Jaun Elia Ki Tamam Ghazlain Part I [17]
  • Jaun Elia Ki Tamam Ghazlain Part II [18]
  • Jaun Elia Ki Tamam Ghazlain Part III [19]

Inshaye aur Mazaameen

  • Farnood (published by Khalid Ahmed Ansari)

Prose work (mainly translations)

Elia was not just a poet but was also an editor and a translator, especially of old Sufi, Mutazili and Ismaili treatises.

Above are some of his translations from Arabic and Persian. Not only did he translate these books but also introduced several new words in Urdu language.[20]

See also


  1. ^ "Jaun Elia: A Communist Poet Who Found Religion and Marxism Compatible". The Wire. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Ghazals of Jaun Eliya | Rekhta". Rekhta. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Urdu poet Jaun Elia remembered on 10th death anniversary". The Express Tribune. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Books by Jaun Eliya | Punjnud". Punjnud.
  5. ^ "In search of Jaun Elia". The Tribune , India.
  6. ^ "Ghazals of Jaun Eliya | Rekhta". Rekhta. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  7. ^ Manzoor Kureshi (4 April 2014). "In the name of father". Dawn. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Ghazals of Jaun Eliya | Rekhta". Rekhta. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  9. ^ Samiuddin, Abida (2007). Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Urdu Literature (2 Vols. Set). Global Vision Publishing. p. 201. ISBN 9788182201910.
  10. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VlOXHP9I1l8. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ Sukhan Mera Udasi Hai [1]
  12. ^ Zakham e Umeed [2]
  13. ^ Mubada [3]
  14. ^ Tumharey Aur Mere Darmiyan [4]
  15. ^ Daricha Haye Kheyal [5]
  16. ^ Qitaat [6]
  17. ^ Jaun Elia Ki Tamam Ghazlain Part I [7]
  18. ^ Jaun Elia Ki Tamam Ghazlain Part II [8]
  19. ^ Jaun Elia Ki Tamam Ghazlain Part III [9]
  20. ^ "Jaun Elia - An anarchist, a nihilist and a poet - Pakistan - Dunya News". Retrieved 15 July 2016.

External links

  • BBC Urdu's collection of writings on Jaun Elia (in Urdu)
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