Johnson Doctrine

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Johnson's 1965 State of the Union.

The Johnson Doctrine, enunciated by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson after the United States' intervention in the Dominican Republic in 1965,[1] declared that domestic revolution in the Western Hemisphere would no longer be a local matter when "the object is the establishment of a Communist dictatorship".[2] It is an extension of the Eisenhower and Kennedy Doctrines.

Background

The U.S. government was fearful of communist influence in the Western Hemisphere during the Cold War. In the 1960s, the Dominican Republic was a country of interest. Due to the ongoing political turmoil in the county, Dominican generals revolted in April 1965. Fearful that the members of the revolt had communist sympathies, the US invaded the country on April 28 to reestablish a government sympathetic to them.[3]

The Doctrine

The Johnson Doctrine reinforced the United States government's existing doctrines against communist expansion. In his May 2 address, Johnson specifically states that the American countries, "will not permit the establishment of another Communist government in the Western Hemisphere".[2] The Johnson Doctrine builds off of the Kennedy and Eisenhower doctrines in that it opposes communism in the Western Hemisphere. It also parallels the Monroe Doctrine, with an emphases on denouncing outside (in this case communist) interference in the Americas.

See also

References

  1. ^ * Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Lyndon B. Johnson: "Statement by the President Upon Ordering Troops Into the Dominican Republic.," April 28, 1965". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. 
  2. ^ a b Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Lyndon B. Johnson: "Radio and Television Report to the American People on the Situation in the Dominican Republic.," May 2, 1965". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. 
  3. ^ "The United States Invasion of the Dominican Republic, 1961–1966 - Latin American Studies - Oxford Bibliographies - obo". Retrieved 2017-03-28. 

Further reading

  • Meiertöns, Heiko (2010): The Doctrines of US Security Policy - An Evaluation under International Law, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-76648-7.
  • Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Lyndon B. Johnson: "Statement by the President on the Situation in the Dominican Republic.," April 30, 1965". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. 
  • Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Lyndon B. Johnson: "Statement by the President on the OAS Mission to the Dominican Republic.," May 1, 1965". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. 
  • Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Lyndon B. Johnson: "Statement by the President on the Agreement To Form a New Government in the Dominican Republic.," September 1, 1965". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. 


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