John Murray (theologian)

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John Murray
John Murray theologian.jpg
Born (1898-10-14)October 14, 1898
Bonar Bridge, Scotland
Died May 8, 1975(1975-05-08) (aged 76)
Occupation Professor
Notable work Redemption Accomplished and Applied, Imputation of Adam's Sin
Spouse(s) Valerie Knowlton
Theological work
Era 20th century
Tradition or movement Reformed, Presbyterian

John Murray (14 October 1898 – 8 May 1975) was born in Bonar Bridge, Scotland. He was a Scottish-born Calvinist theologian who taught at Princeton Seminary and then left to help found Westminster Theological Seminary, where he taught for many years.

Life

Murray was born in the croft of Badbea, near Bonar Bridge, in Sutherland county, Scotland. Following service in the British Army in the First World War (during which he lost an eye, serving in the famous Black Watch regiment) he studied at the University of Glasgow. Following his acceptance as a theological student of the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland he pursued further studies at Princeton Theological Seminary under J. Gresham Machen and Geerhardus Vos, but broke with the Free Presbyterian Church in 1930 over that Church's treatment of the Chesley, Ontario congregation. He taught at Princeton for a year and then lectured in systematic theology at Westminster Theological Seminary to generations of students from 1930 to 1966, and was an early trustee of the Banner of Truth Trust. Besides the material in the four-volume Collected Writings, his primary published works are a commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (previously included in the New International Commentary on the New Testament series but now superseded by Douglas J. Moo's commentary), Redemption Accomplished and Applied, Principles of Conduct, The Imputation of Adam's Sin, Baptism, and Divorce.

Murray preached at Chesley and Lochalsh from time to time until his retirement from Westminster Theological Seminary in 1966. He returned to Scotland, where he was connected with the Free Church of Scotland, and married Valerie Knowlton 7 December 1967. Writing after a communion season at Lochalsh, Murray said, “I think I feel most at home here and at Chesley of all the places I visit.” There had been some consideration that upon leaving the seminary, Murray might take a pastorate in the newly formed Presbyterian Reformed Church, but the infirmity of his aged sisters at the home place necessitated his return to Ross-shire, Scotland.

Works

  • Murray, John (1952). Christian Baptism. Philadelphia, PA: Committee on Christian Education, Orthodox Presbyterian Church.  ? pages
  • Murray, John (1953). Divorce. Philadelphia, PA: Committee on Christian Education, Orthodox Presbyterian Church.  ? pages
  • Murray, John (1955). Redemption Accomplished and Applied. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-8028-1143-1.  192 pages
  • Murray, John (1957). Principles of Conduct: Aspects of Biblical Ethics. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-8028-1144-8.  272 pages
  • Murray, John (1959). The Imputation of Adam's Sin. Phillipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing. ISBN 0-8755-2341-2.  ? pages
  • Murray, John (1959). The Epistle to the Romans. NICNT. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-8028-2506-3.  736 pages
  • Murray, John (1960). Calvin on the Scriptures and Divine Sovereignty.  ? pages

References

  • Murray, Iain Hamish (1984). The Life of John Murray: Professor of Systematic Theology, Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1937-1966. ISBN 978-0-8515-1950-0. 
  • Murray, John (1982). The Collected Writings of John Murray (4 vols.). Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust. ISBN 0-85151-396-4. 

External links

  • Free audio lectures and sermons in mp3 format from ThirdMill.org
  • "The Atonement"
  • "The Reformed Faith and Arminianism" (Part 1) (Part 2) (Part 3)
  • "Arminianism and the Atonement"
  • "Irresistible Grace"
  • "Law and Grace"
  • "The Covenant of Grace"
  • "The Sovereignty of God"
  • "Calvin on the Sovereignty of God"
  • "Calvin, Dordt and Westminster on Predestination"
  • "Adoption"
  • "The Adamic Administration"
  • "From Faith to Faith"
  • "The Mode of Baptism" (PDF)
  • "Pictures of Christ"
  • "Definitive Sanctification"
  • "The Weak and the Strong"
  • "Tradition: Romish and Protestant"
  • "Preaching: at Chesley Canada"
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