John Lucas, 1st Baron Lucas of Shenfield

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Arms of Lucas of Little Saxham, Suffolk and Shenfield, Essex: Argent, a fess between six annulets gules

John Lucas, 1st Baron Lucas of Shenfield[1] (October 1606 – 2 July 1671) was an English Royalist soldier, industrialist and landowner.

Lucas was the son of Sir Thomas Lucas and Elizabeth Leighton. His elder brother was Sir Thomas Lucas (d. 1649) and his younger brother Sir Charles Lucas (d.1648), both Royalist officers. His sister was the notable Margaret Cavendish. Lucas was an early public supporter of the Royalist cause and his house in Colchester, St John's, was attacked by a crowd during the Stour Valley Riots of 1642. He was imprisoned by Parliamentary forces early in the English Civil War, but escaped and fought for the king at the Battle of Naseby. On 3 January 1645 he was created Baron Lucas of Shenfield, of Shenfield in the Peerage of England. He was again imprisoned by Parliament in 1655, before being released prior to the Restoration. He was elected an Original Fellow of the Royal Society in 1663; he was possibly expelled in 1666.[2]

He married Anne Nevill in 1628. Lucas had one surviving daughter, Mary Grey, Countess of Kent, who was created suo jure Baroness Lucas of Crudwell at her father's request.[2] Lucas was buried at St Giles's church, Colchester.[2] He died without surviving male issue and by a special remainder in his patent, the heir to his title was Charles Lucas, 2nd Baron Lucas (1631-1688), son of his elder brother Sir Thomas Lucas.


  1. ^ The new peerage; or, present state of the nobility of England, Scotland, and Ireland: containing an account of the peers, their descent and collateral branches, their births, marriages and issue, also their paternal coats of arms, crests, supporters and mottoes. 2. 1769. p. 289.
  2. ^ a b c "DServe Archive Persons Show". Library collection. The Royal Society. Retrieved 1 September 2012.

External links

  • The Peerage: John Lucas, 1st Baron Lucas of Shenfield
Peerage of England
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Lucas
Succeeded by
Charles Lucas

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