John Keble

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John Keble
John Keble.jpg
Born 25 April 1792
Fairford, Gloucestershire, England
Died 29 March 1866(1866-03-29) (aged 73)
The Hermitage Hotel, Bournemouth, England
Alma mater Corpus Christi College, Oxford
Church Church of England

John Keble (/ˈkbəl/; 25 April 1792 – 29 March 1866) was an English churchman and poet, one of the leaders of the Oxford Movement. Keble College, Oxford was named after him.[1]

Life and writings

John Keble c. 1860

Early life

Keble was born in Fairford, Gloucestershire where his father, the Rev. John Keble, was Vicar of Coln St. Aldwyns. He attended Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and, after a brilliant academic performance there, became a Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, and was for some years a tutor and examiner in the University. While still at Oxford he took Holy Orders in 1815, and became first a curate to his father, and later curate of St Michael and St Martin's Church, Eastleach Martin in Gloucestershire.

The Christian Year

Meantime, he had been writing 'The Christian Year', which appeared in 1827, and met with an almost unparalleled acceptance. Though at first anonymous, its authorship soon became known, with the result that Keble was in 1831 appointed to the Chair of Poetry at Oxford, which he held until 1841. Victorian scholar Michael Wheeler calls The Christian Year simply "the most popular volume of verse in the nineteenth century". In his essay on Tractarian Aesthetics and the Romantic Tradition, Gregory Goodwin claims that The Christian Year is "Keble's greatest contribution to the Oxford Movement and to English literature." As evidence of that Goodwin cites E. B. Pusey's report that ninety-five editions of this devotional text were printed during Keble's lifetime, and "at the end of the year following his death, the number had arisen to a hundred-and-nine". By the time the copyright expired in 1873, over 375,000 copies had been sold in Britain and 158 editions had been published. Notwithstanding its widespread appeal among the Victorian readers, the popularity of Keble's The Christian Year faded in the 20th century despite the familiarity of certain well-known hymns, e.g. "New every morning is the love."[citation needed]

Tractarianism and Vicar of Hursley

In 1833 his famous Assize Sermon on "National Apostasy" gave the first impulse to the Oxford Movement, also known as the Tractarian movement. Along with his colleagues, including John Henry Newman and Edward Pusey, he became a leading light in the movement, but did not follow Newman into the Roman Catholic Church. In 1835 he was appointed Vicar of Hursley, Hampshire, where he settled down to family life and remained for the rest of his life as a parish priest at All Saints Church. He was a profound influence on a near neighbour, the author Charlotte Mary Yonge,[citation needed] resident at Otterbourne House in the adjacent village of Otterbourne where Keble was responsible for building a new church.

Other writings

In 1846 he published another book of poems, Lyra Innocentium. Other works were a Life of Wilson, Bishop of Sodor and Man, and an edition of the Works of Hooker. After his death appeared Letters of Spiritual Counsel, and 12 volumes of Parish Sermons. He also wrote hymns, such as "The Voice that Breathed o'er Eden",[2] "Sun of my soul, Thou Saviour dear,[3] "Blest are the pure in heart" and "New every morning is the love".


Two lives of Keble have been written, one by John Taylor Coleridge (1869), and the other by Rev. Walter Lock (1895). In 1963 Georgina Battiscombe wrote a biography titled John Keble: a Study in Limitations.[citation needed]


Keble died in Bournemouth at the Hermitage Hotel, after visiting the area to try and recover from a long term illness as he believed the sea air had therapeutic qualities. He is buried in All Saints' churchyard, Hursley.[4]


Keble's feast day is kept on 14 July (the anniversary of his Assize Sermon) in the Church of England, and a commemoration observed on 29 March (the anniversary of his death) elsewhere in the Anglican Communion.[5] Keble College, Oxford was founded in his memory, and John Keble Church, Mill Hill and the ancient clapper bridge over the River Leach near the church in which he was curate in the village of Eastleach Martin were named after him.

The view from Bulverton Hill, Sidmouth, where Keble was a frequent visitor, is thought to have inspired some of his best loved work. The hill commands a panoramic view of the Lower Otter Valley and Dartmoor in the distance. Folklore suggests that his favourite spot was where a wooden bench known as Keble’s Seat has been in place for many years.

Keble's Seat at Bulverton Hill, Sidmouth

See also


  1. ^ Kirstie Blair (1 December 2004). John Keble in Context. Anthem Press. ISBN 978-1-84331-146-1. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "The voice that breathed o'er Eden". 
  3. ^ "Sun of my soul, Thou Savior Dear". 
  4. ^ "John Keble – Find A Grave". Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Calendar". 16 October 2013. 

Further reading

  • Blair, Kirstie, ed. (2004) John Keble in Context. London: Anthem ISBN 1843311461 (Papers from a conference held at Keble College, Oxford, May 2003.)
  • Cross, F. L., ed. (1957), The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, Oxford UP, p. 761 .
  • Hooker, Richard (1841) The Works of that Learned and Judicious Divine Mr. Richard Hooker: with an account of his life and death by Isaac Walton; Arranged by the Rev. John Keble, M.A. late Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, Professor of Poetry. 3 vols. Oxford: University Press
  • Keble, John (1912) Keble's Lectures on Poetry, 1832–1841; translated by Edward Kershaw Francis. (In: Aesthetics and Religion in Nineteenth-century Britain. ISBN 1855069644 (6 vols.)) Bristol: Thoemmes, 2003 (reprint of the 1912 edition)
  • Lott, Bernard Maurice (1960) The Poetry of John Keble, with special reference to the Christian Year and his contribution to the Lyra Apostolica. Thesis (PhD)--University of London, 1960
  • Rowlands, John Henry Lewis (1989). Church, State, and Society, 1827–1845: the Attitudes of John Keble, Richard Hurrell Froude, and John Henry Newman. Worthing, Eng.: P. Smith [of] Churchman Publishing; Folkestone, Eng.: distr. ... by Bailey Book Distribution. ISBN 1-85093-132-1
  • Woods, Mark Robert (1987) John Keble's Theory of Poetry and its Sources. Thesis (M.Litt.) – University of Bristol, 1987.

External links

Media related to John Keble at Wikimedia Commons

  • Works by John Keble at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about John Keble at Internet Archive
  • Works by John Keble at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
  • John Keble, The Online Books Page, University of Pennsylvania
  • Keble, John, Christian Year, 
  • John Keble Quotes at QuoteTails
  • Keble, John, Works online, Project Canterbury .
  • John Keble 1792–1866, The Cyber Hymnal .
  • Yonge, Charlotte M, ed. (1898), John Keble's Parishes: a History of Hursley and Otterbourne .
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