John Gilbert (actor)

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John Gilbert
John Gilbert publicity 1930s.JPG
Born John Cecil Pringle
(1897-07-10)July 10, 1897
Logan, Utah, U.S.
Died January 9, 1936(1936-01-09) (aged 38)
Bel Air, California, U.S.
Resting place Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale
Nationality American
Education Hitchcock Military Academy
Occupation Actor, director, writer
Years active 1915–1934
Spouse(s)
Children 2

John Gilbert (born John Cecil Pringle; July 10, 1897[1][2] – January 9, 1936) was an American actor, screenwriter and director. He rose to fame during the silent film era and became a popular leading man known as "The Great Lover".[3] At the height of his career, Gilbert rivaled Rudolph Valentino, another silent film era leading man, as a box office draw.

Gilbert's popularity began to wane when silent pictures gave way to talkies. Though Gilbert was often cited as one of the high-profile examples of an actor who was unsuccessful in making the transition to talkies, his decline as a star had far more to do with studio politics and money than with the sound of his screen voice, which was rich and distinctive.[4]

Biography

Early years

Born John Cecil Pringle in Logan, Utah, to stock-company actor parents, John Pringle (1865–1929) and Ida Apperly Gilbert (1877–1913), he struggled through a childhood of abuse and neglect. His family moved frequently and Gilbert attended several schools throughout the United States. After his family settled in California, he attended Hitchcock Military Academy in San Rafael, California.[5]

Extra

After he left school Gilbert worked as a rubber goods salesman in San Francisco, then as a stage manager in stock company in Spokane, Washington in 1915. He lost his company when the company went broke.[6]

He decided to try acting got work in films via Herschell Mayall as an extra. Gilbert first appeared in a short from Wilfred Lucas, The Mother Instinct (1915). He found work as an extra with the Thomas Ince Studios on films such as The Coward (1915), Aloha Oe (1915), Civilization (1915), The Last Act (1916), and William Hart's Hell's Hinges (1916).[6]

Kay-Bee Company

He could also be seen in films for Kay-Bee Company such as Matrimony (1915), The Corner (1915), Eye of the Night (1916) and Bullets and Brown Eyes (1916). He had an early leading part in The Apostle of Vengeance.[6] His pay around this stage was $40 a week.[7]

Gilbert began to get billed parts at Kay-Bee, as "Jack Gilbert" in The Aryan (1916) with Hart, The Phantom (1916), Shell 43 (1916), The Sin Ye Do (1917), The Weaker Sex (1917), and The Bride of Hate (1917).

His first leading role was in Princess of the Dark (1917) with Enid Bennett but the film was not a big success and he went back to support parts for The Dark Road (1917), Happiness (1917), The Millionaire Vagrant (1917), and The Hater of Men (1917).[8]

Triangle Films

Gilbert went over to Triangle Films where he was in The Mother Instinct (1917), Golden Rule Kate (1917), The Devil Dodger (1917) (second billed), Up or Down? (1917), and Nancy Comes Home (1918).

For Paralta Plays, Gilbert did Shackled (1918), One Dollar Bid (1918), and Wedlock (1918) and More Trouble (1918) for Anderson. That company went brroke.[7]

He did Doing Their Bit (1918) at Fox and returned to Triangle for The Mask (1918).

Gilbert did Three X Gordon (1918) for Jesse Hampton, The Dawn of Understanding (1918), The White Heather (1919) for Maurice Tourneur, The Busher (1919) for Thomas Ince, The Man Beneath for Haworth, A Little Brother of the Rich (1919) for Universal, The Red Viper (1919) for Tyrad, For a Woman's Honor (1919) for Jess Hampton, Widow by Proxy (1919) for Paramount, Heart o' the Hills (1919) for Mary Pickford, and Should a Woman Tell? (1919) for Screen Classics.[9]

Maurice Tourneur - Writing and Directing

Tourneur signed him to a contract to act and write in films. Gilbert acted in and co wrote The White Circle (1920), The Great Redeemer (1921) and Deep Waters (1921). As a writer only he worked on The Bait (1921), starring and produced by Hope Hampton. For Hampton Gilbert wrote and directed, but did not appear in Love's Penalty (1921).

For HO David he was in The Servant in the House (1921).

Fox and Stardom

In 1921, Gilbert signed a three-year contract with Fox Film Corporation, where he was cast as a romantic leading man as "John Gilbert".

Fox gave Gilbert his first real star part in Shame (1921).[10] He followed it with leading roles in Arabian Love (1922), Gleam O'Dawn (1922), The Yellow Stain (1922), Honor First (1922), Monte Cristo (1922) an adaptation of The Count of Monte Cristo,Calvert's Valley (1922), The Love Gambler (1922), and A California Romance (1922). Many of these films were written by Jules Furthman.

He returned to Tourneur to costar with Lon Chaney in While Paris Sleeps (1923). Back at Fox Gilbert starred in Truxton King (1923), Madness of Youth (1923), St. Elmo (1923), and The Exiles (1923).

Gilbert starred in Cameo Kirby (1923), directed by John Ford, co starring Jean Arthur. He went into The Wolf Man (1923) with Norma Shearer, not a horror film, but the story of a man who believes he murdered his fiancee's brother while drunk.

Gilbert's last films for Fox were Just Off Broadway (1924), A Man's Mate (1924), The Lone Chance (1924), and Romance Ranch (1924).[11]

MGM

In 1924, Gilbert moved to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, where he became a full-fledged star with such high-profile films, starting with His Hour (1924) directed by King Vidor and written by Elinor Glyn and co-starring Aileen Pringle. It was a big success.[12]

He followed this with He Who Gets Slapped (1924) co-starring Chaney and Shearer and directed by Victor Sjöström; The Snob (1924) with Shearer; The Wife of the Centaur (1924) for Vidor; The Merry Widow (1925) directed by Erich von Stroheim and co-starring Mae Murray. The latter was a huge box office success.[13]

The Big Parade

Gilbert was once again directed by Vidor in the war epic The Big Parade (1925), which became the second-highest grossing silent film and the most profitable film of the silent era. His performance in this film made him a major star.[12]

The following year, Vidor reunited Gilbert with two of his co-stars from that picture, Renée Adorée and Karl Dane, for the film La Bohème (1926) which also starred Lillian Gish. He then did another with Vidor, Bardelys the Magnificent (1926).

Press release photo

Greta Garbo

Gilbert with Greta Garbo in A Woman of Affairs (1929)

In 1926, Gilbert made Flesh and the Devil (1926), his first film with Greta Garbo. They soon began a highly publicized relationship, much to the delight of their fans. Gilbert wanted to marry her, but Garbo continually balked. Legend has it that a wedding was finally planned but Garbo failed to appear at the ceremony. Recent Garbo biographers, however, have questioned the veracity of this story.[14]

He made The Show (1927) with Adoree for Tod Browning then did Twelve Miles Out (1927) with Joan Crawford and Man, Woman and Sin (1927) with Jeanne Eagels.[15]

He was reunited with Garbo in Love (1927), which was a modern adaptation of Anna Karenina. It was slyly advertised by MGM as "Garbo and Gilbert in Love." In 1927 he went to jail for ten days for disturbing the peace.[16]

Gilbert made The Cossacks (1928) with Adoree; Four Walls (1928) with Crawford; Show People (1928) with Marion Davies for Vidor, in which Gilbert only had a cameo; and The Masks of the Devil (1928) for Victor Sjöström.

Gilbert and Garbo were teamed for a third time in A Woman of Affairs (1928). His last silent film was Desert Nights (1929).

Coming of Sound

Throughout his time at MGM, Gilbert frequently clashed with studio head Louis B. Mayer over creative, social and financial matters. It was said, for example, that at the alleged double-wedding of Garbo and Gilbert and director King Vidor and actress Eleanor Boardman, Mayer made a crude remark about Garbo that led Gilbert to physically attack the mogul. This story has been disputed by some historians. Although one eyewitness—the bride, Eleanor Boardman—claimed to have seen the assault, others deny that it occurred.

In any case, Mayer apparently detested Gilbert and was disgruntled that the actor had signed a contract for six pictures at $250,000 each. It was suggested that Mayer deliberately gave Gilbert bad scripts and ineffective directors in an effort to void the contract.

With the coming of sound, Gilbert's vocal talents made a good first impression in the all-star musical comedy The Hollywood Revue of 1929 (1929), appearing in a Technicolor sequence with Norma Shearer. They played the balcony scene from Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, first as written, and then using current slang. Most reviewers did not note any problems with Gilbert's voice at this time and some praised it.

His Glorious Night

Audiences awaited Gilbert's first romantic role on the talking screen. The vehicle was the Ruritanian romance His Glorious Night (1929), directed by Lionel Barrymore. According to reviewers, audiences laughed nervously at Gilbert's performance. The fault was not Gilbert's voice, it was said, but the awkward scenario along with overly ardent love scenes. In one, Gilbert keeps kissing his leading lady, (Catherine Dale Owen), while saying "I love you" over and over again. The scene was parodied in the MGM musical Singin' in the Rain (1952) in which a preview of the fictional The Dueling Cavalier flops disastrously. Director King Vidor stated that Rudolph Valentino, Gilbert's main rival in the 1920s for romantic leads, probably would have suffered the same fate in the talkie era, had he lived. It was rumored that L.B. Mayer ordered Gilbert's voice to be gelded to a higher pitch to ruin him.

The next Gilbert film to be released was Redemption (1930) with Adoree, actually shot before His Glorious Night.

Decline

MGM put him in a more rugged film, Way for a Sailor (1930) with Wallace Beery. He followed it with Gentleman's Fate (1931).

Gilbert became increasingly depressed by progressively inferior films and idle stretches between productions, but he resolved to thwart Louis B. Mayer and see the six-picture contract through.

Gilbert's fortunes were temporarily restored when MGM's production chief Irving Thalberg gave him two projects that were character studies, giving Gilbert an excellent showcase for his versatility. The Phantom of Paris (1931), originally intended for Lon Chaney (who died from cancer in 1930), cast Gilbert as a debonair magician and showman who is falsely accused of murder and uses his mastery of disguise to unmask the real killer.[17]

Downstairs (1932) was based on Gilbert's original story, with the actor playing against type as a scheming, blackmailing chauffeur. The films were well received by critics and fans but failed to revive his career.[18] In between he appeared in West of Broadway (1931).

Shortly after making Downstairs, he married co-star Virginia Bruce; the couple divorced in 1934.

Gilbert fulfilled his contract with an unimportant "B" picture - Fast Workers (1933) directed by Browning. He left the studio in 1933 at the end of his $10,000 a week contract.[19]

Queen Christina - Comeback

Gilbert announced his retirement from acting. He was working at Fox as an "honorary" director when in August 1933 Gilbert announced he had signed a seven year contract with MGM at $75–100,000 a picture.[20] The reason was Greta Garbo insisted that Gilbert return to MGM to play her leading man in Queen Christina (1933), directed by Rouben Mamoulian. Garbo was top-billed, with Gilbert's name beneath the title. Again, the picture failed to revive his career.[21]

Columbia Pictures gave him what would be his final chance for a comeback in The Captain Hates the Sea (1934) in which he gave a capable performance as a frustrated playwright. But the off-screen cast of heavy drinkers encouraged his alcoholism and the film was his last.

Personal life

Gilbert was married four times. His first marriage, on August 26, 1918, was to Olivia Burwell, a native of Mississippi whom Gilbert had met after her family moved to California. They separated the following year and Olivia Burwell Gilbert returned to Mississippi for a while. She filed for divorce in Los Angeles in 1921.[22]

In February 1921, Gilbert announced his engagement to actress Leatrice Joy. They married in Tijuana in November 1921.[23] As Gilbert had failed to secure a divorce from his first wife and the legality of Gilbert and Joy's Mexican marriage was questionable, the couple separated and had the marriage annulled to avoid a scandal.[24] They remarried on March 3, 1922. The marriage was tumultuous and, in June 1923, Joy filed for legal separation after she claimed that Gilbert slapped her face after a night of heavy drinking. They reconciled several months later. In August 1924, Joy, who was pregnant with the couple's first child, filed for divorce.[25] Joy later said she left Gilbert after discovering he was having an affair with actress Laurette Taylor.[26] Joy also claimed that Gilbert had conducted affairs with Barbara La Marr (with whom he had a romance before his marriage to Joy), Lila Lee and Bebe Daniels.[27] Gilbert and Joy had a daughter, Leatrice Gilbert (later Fountain; 4 September 1924 – 20 January 2015).[28][29][30] Joy was granted a divorce in May 1925.[31]

In 1929, Gilbert eloped with actress Ina Claire to Las Vegas.[32] They separated in February 1931 and divorced six months later.[33][34] Gilbert's fourth and final marriage was on August 10, 1932, to actress Virginia Bruce, who had recently costarred with him on the MGM film Downstairs.[35][36] The entertainment trade paper The Film Daily reported that their "quick" wedding was held in Gilbert's dressing room on the MGM lot while Bruce was working on another studio production, Kongo.[37] Among the people attending the small ceremony were the head of MGM production Irving Thalberg, who served as Gilbert's best man; screenwriter Donald Ogden Stewart, whose wife Beatrice acted as Bruce's matron of honor; MGM art director and set designer Cedric Gibbons; and his wife, actress Dolores del Río.[37] Bruce retired briefly from acting following the birth of their daughter Susan Ann; however, she resumed her career after their divorce in May 1934.[38][39]

Before his death, Gilbert dated actress Marlene Dietrich as well as Greta Garbo.[40] When he died, he had recently been slated to play a prominent supporting role in Dietrich's film Desire.[41]

Death

By 1934, alcoholism had severely damaged Gilbert's health. He suffered a serious heart attack in December 1935, which left him in poor health.[42] Gilbert suffered a second heart attack at his Bel Air home on January 9, 1936, which was fatal.[43]

A private funeral was held on January 11 at the B.E. Mortuary in Beverly Hills. Among the mourners were Gilbert's two ex-wives, Leatrice Joy and Virginia Bruce, his two daughters, and stars Marlene Dietrich, Gary Cooper, Myrna Loy, and Raquel Torres.[44][45]

Gilbert was cremated and his ashes were interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale in Glendale, California.[46][47]

Gilbert left the bulk of his estate, valued at $363,494 (equivalent to $6.41 million in 2017), to his last ex-wife Virginia Bruce and their daughter, Susan Ann. He left $10,000 to his eldest daughter Leatrice, and other amounts to friends, relatives and his servants.[48][49]

For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Gilbert has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1755 Vine Street.[50] In 1994, he was honored with his image on a United States postage stamp designed by caricaturist Al Hirschfeld.

Filmography

Year Films Role Notes
1915 The Coward Minor role Uncredited
1915 Matrimony Extra Short film
Uncredited
1915 Aloha Oe Extra Uncredited
1916 The Corner Extra Uncredited
1916 Bullets and Brown Eyes
1916 The Last Act Extra Uncredited
1916 Hell's Hinges Rowdy townsman Uncredited
1916 The Aryan Extra Uncredited
1916 Civilization Extra Uncredited
1916 The Apostle of Vengeance Willie Hudson
1916 The Phantom Bertie Bereton
1916 Eye of the Night Uncredited
1916 Shell 43 English Spy
1916 The Sin Ye Do Jimmy
1917 The Weaker Sex
1917 The Bride of Hate Dr. Duprez's Son
1917 Princess of the Dark "Crip" Halloran
1917 The Dark Road Cedric Constable
1917 Happiness Richard Forrester Credited as Jack Gilbert
1917 The Millionaire Vagrant James Cricket
1917 The Hater of Men Billy Williams
1917 The Mother Instinct Jean Coutierre
1917 Golden Rule Kate The Heller
1917 The Devil Dodger Roger Ingraham
1917 Up or Down? Allan Corey
1918 Nancy Comes Home Phil Ballou Credited as Jack Gilbert
1918 Shackled James Ashley Credited as Jack Gilbert
1918 More Trouble Harvey Deering Credited as Jack Gilbert
1918 One Dollar Bid Credited as Jack Gilbert
1918 Wedlock Granger Hollister Credited as Jack Gilbert
1918 Doing Their Bit Credited as Jack Gilbert
1918 The Mask Billy Taylor Credited as Jack Gilbert
1918 Three X Gordon Archie Credited as Jack Gilbert
1918 The Dawn of Understanding Ira Beasly Credited as Jack Gilbert
1919 The White Heather Dick Beach Credited as Jack Gilbert
1919 The Busher Jim Blair Credited as Jack Gilbert
1919 The Man Beneath James Bassett Credited as Jack Gilbert
1919 A Little Brother of the Rich Carl Wilmerding
1919 The Red Viper Dick Grant Credited as Jack Gilbert
1919 For a Woman's Honor Dick Rutherford
1919 Widow by Proxy Jack Pennington Credited as Jack Gilbert
1919 Heart o' the Hills Gray Pendleton Credited as Jack Gilbert
1919 Should a Woman Tell? The Villain Credited as Jack Gilbert
1920 The White Circle Frank Cassilis Credited as Jack Gilbert
Writer
1920 The Great Redeemer Undetermined role Uncredited
Adaptation
1920 Deep Waters Bill Lacey Credited as Jack Gilbert
Writer
1921 The Servant in the House Percival Credited as Jack Gilbert
1921 The Bait
Lost film
Writer
1921 Love's Penalty
Writer, director, editor
1921 Shame William Fielding/David Field
1921 Ladies Must Live The Gardener Credited as Jack Gilbert
1922 Gleam O'Dawn Gleam O'Dawn
1922 Arabian Love Norman Stone
1922 The Yellow Stain Donald Keith
1922 Honor First Jacques Dubois/Honoré Duboois
1922 Monte Cristo Edmond Dantes, Count of Monte Cristo
1922 Calvert's Valley Page Emlyn Credited as Jack Gilbert
1922 The Love Gambler Dick Manners
1922 A California Romance Don Patricio Fernando
1923 While Paris Sleeps Dennis O'Keefe
1923 Truxton King Truxton King
1923 Madness of Youth Jaca Javalie
1923 St. Elmo St. Elmo Thornton Lost film
1923 The Exiles Henry Holcombe
1923 Cameo Kirby Cameo Kirby
1924 Just Off Broadway Stephen Moore
1924 The Wolf Man Gerald Stanley Lost film
1924 A Man's Mate Paul
1924 The Lone Chance Jack Saunders Lost film
1924 Romance Ranch Carlos Brent
1924 His Hour Gritzko
1924 Married Flirts Guest at party Cameo appearance
Lost film
1924 He Who Gets Slapped Bezano
1924 The Snob Eugene Curry Lost film
1924 The Wife of the Centaur Jeffrey Dwyer Lost film
1925 The Merry Widow Prince Danilo Petrovich
1925 The Big Parade James Apperson
1925 Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ Crowd extra in chariot race Uncredited
1926 La Bohème Rodolphe
1926 Bardelys the Magnificent Bardelys
1926 Flesh and the Devil Leo von Harden
1927 The Show Cock Robin
1927 Twelve Miles Out Jerry Fay
1927 Man, Woman and Sin Albert Whitcomb
1927 Love Captain Count Alexei Vronsky Director (Uncredited)
1928 The Cossacks Lukashka
1928 Four Walls Benny Horowitz Lost film
1928 Show People Himself Cameo appearance
Uncredited
1928 The Masks of the Devil Baron Reiner
1928 A Woman of Affairs Neville "Nevs" Holderness
1929 Desert Nights Hugh Rand Last silent film
1929 His Glorious Night Captain Kovacs Sound film debut
1929 The Hollywood Revue of 1929 Himself
1930 Redemption Fedya
1930 Way for a Sailor Jack
1931 Gentleman's Fate Giacomo Tomasulo/Jack Thomas
1931 The Phantom of Paris Chéri-Bibi
1931 West of Broadway Jerry Seevers
1932 Downstairs Karl Schneider Story
1933 Fast Workers Gunner Smith
1933 Queen Christina Antonio
1934 The Captain Hates the Sea Steve Bramley

In popular culture

John Gilbert is the subject of a mini-documentary film called Rediscovering John Gilbert (2010) featuring an on-camera interview with John Gilbert's daughter and biographer, Leatrice Gilbert Fountain. The short film, directed and produced by film historian Jeffrey Vance, has aired on the Turner Classic Movies cable channel and is also available on DVD from home video distributor Flicker Alley.[51]

Fictional portrayals

Gilbert has been portrayed in several films. In 1980, Barry Bostwick appeared as the actor in the television film The Silent Lovers. Gilbert has also been portrayed by his grandson, John Fountain, (in 1988's Sunset), Christopher Renstrom (in 1989's La Divina), and Adnan Taletovich (in 2012's Return to Babylon).

References

Notes
  1. ^ "John Gilbert bio".
  2. ^ 1920,1930 census for John C Gilbert. "Ancestry.com".
  3. ^ Obituary Variety, January 15, 1936, page 62.
  4. ^ Brownlow, Kevin The Parade's Gone By, New York: Crown Publishers, 1968
  5. ^ "John Gilbert, Film Actor, Dies of Heart Attack". Reading Eagle. January 9, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c John Gilbert Is Dead at 38; Forgotten by Four Ex-Wives: Only Firemen, Nurse and Doctor at Deathbed; Screen Idol Declared Love for Garbo Most Real Thing in His Life. John Gilbert Dead at 38 By the Associated Press. The Washington Post 10 Jan 1936: 1.
  7. ^ a b JOHN GILBERT, DASHING LOVER OF FILMS, DIES: Heart Attack Is Fatal to 38 Year Old Actor. Chicago Daily Tribune 10 Jan 1936: 3.
  8. ^ NOTED SCREEN ACTOR: John Gilbert's Sudden Death "THE PERFECT LOVER" The Scotsman 10 Jan 1936: 11.
  9. ^ Golden, Eve (2013). John Gilbert: The Last of the Silent Film Stars. University Press of Kentucky. p. 45. ISBN 0-8131-4162-1.
  10. ^ RADIOS.: ANOTHER STAR GLEAMS. GILBERT SAID TO HAVE WON THAT HONOR WITH FOX. Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 1 June 1921: III4.
  11. ^ JOHN GILBERT: Whom You Can Now See in "A California Romance" Picture Show; London Vol. 10, Iss. 248, (Jan 26, 1924): 7.
  12. ^ a b H. Mark Glancy, 'MGM Film Grosses, 1924–28: The Eddie Mannix Ledger', Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Vol 12 No. 2 1992 pp. 127–144
  13. ^ SCREEN'S "PERFECT LOVER": John Gilbert Dead The Manchester Guardian 10 Jan 1936: 10.
  14. ^ DEATH CALLS TO GILBERT, SCREEN STAR: Actor Dies After Heart Attack Great Lover of Films, Figure in Real Life Romances, Rose From Extra Ranks Los Angeles Times 10 Jan 1936: 1.
  15. ^ JOHN GILBERT WON SPURS Los Angeles Times 10 Mar 1927: A11.
  16. ^ John Gilbert, Actor, To Jail for 10 Days The Washington Post 19 Apr 1927: 1.
  17. ^ John Gilbert First Actor To Utilize Super-Sensitive Film The China Press 21 Dec 1931: A28.
  18. ^ John Gilbert Delights In Own Creation: Reviewer Encournges Actor To Break Away From Saecharine Roles M A. The China Press 0 Dec 1932: 3.
  19. ^ JOHN GILBERT ON VACATION: Now a Free Lance, Actor Expects Rejuvenation of Hollywood. New York Times 19 Apr 1933: 14.
  20. ^ John Gilbert Signs Seven Year Contract as Actor for M-G-M Chicago Daily Tribune 11 Aug 1933: 21.
  21. ^ John Gilbert Wants Contract Interpreted The Washington Post 6 Dec 1933: 8.
  22. ^ Golden, 2013. pp.38, 43, 60
  23. ^ Golden, 2013. pp.54, 56
  24. ^ Golden, 2013. p.60
  25. ^ "Leatrice Joy Asks Divorce". The Telegraph-Herald. August 13, 1924. p. 22. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  26. ^ Golden, 2013. pp. 85–86
  27. ^ Golden, 2013. p.57
  28. ^ Golden, 2013. p.86
  29. ^ "Leatrice Fountain's Obituary on GreenwichTime". GreenwichTime. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  30. ^ "Leatrice Gilbert Fountain (1924-2015): Daughter of Hollywood Legends". 25 January 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  31. ^ "FILM STAR GIVEN DIVORCE". The Los Angeles Times. May 29, 1925. p. A8.
  32. ^ Monahan, Kaspar (July 12, 1933). "Hollywood's Shattered Romances". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 19. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  33. ^ "John Gilbert, Ina Claire Agree to Separate". Rochester Evening Journal and the Post Express. February 14, 1931. p. 7. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  34. ^ "Films Actress Given Divorce From Gilbert". St. Petersburg Times. August 5, 1931. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  35. ^ "John Gilbert Is Wed and Filming Resumed". San Jose News. August 11, 1932. p. 1. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  36. ^ "Here's Proof John Gilbert Is Screen's Great Lover". New York, Syracuse. Syracuse Herald. August 11, 1932. p. 12. Retrieved August 19, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  37. ^ a b "GILBERT'S QUICK MARRIAGE", news item, The Film Daily [New York, N.Y. (West Coast Bureau)], August 12, 1932, page 4. Internet Archive, San Francisco, California. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  38. ^ "Fourth Divorce for John Gilbert of Films". The Southeast Missourian. May 26, 1934. p. 1. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  39. ^ COURT GIVES DIVORCE TO MRS. JOHN GILBERT: Virginia Bruce, Former Stage Beauty, Is Fourth Wife to Quit the Actor. New York Times (1923-Current file); New York, N.Y. 26 May 1934: 12.
  40. ^ "Olivia Burwell". The Palm Beach Post. January 10, 1969. p. 1. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  41. ^ "Desire (1936)". nytimes.com. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  42. ^ "John Gilbert, Screen Lover, Dies Suddenly in Sleep". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. January 10, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  43. ^ Gelb, Barbara (21 April 1985). "Loved by Garbo and Deitrich". The New York Times.
  44. ^ "Pay Final Honor To Actor". San Jose News. January 11, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  45. ^ SERVICE FOR JOHN GILBERT: Two Former Wives Attend Funeral of Actor in Beverl.y Hills, New York Times 12 Jan 1936: N10.
  46. ^ "Marlene Is Witness at Gilbert Cremation". The Milwaukee Journal. February 16, 1936. p. 8. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  47. ^ Boyd, Hal (June 27, 1947). "Forest Lawn Cemetery Is One Of Glendale's Big Industries; Great of Film World Lie Here". San Jose News. p. 7. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  48. ^ "Gilbert's Estate Set at $363,494". The Milwaukee Journal. January 28, 1936. p. 6. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  49. ^ ESTATE OF JOHN GILBERT DISCLOSED TO BE $363,494 Los Angeles Times 28 Jan 1936: A1.
  50. ^ "John Gilbert - Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  51. ^ Rediscovering John Gilbert on IMDb
Bibliography
  • Fountain, Leatrice Gilbert (1985). Dark Star: The Untold Story of the Meteoric Rise and Fall of Legendary Silent Screen Star John Gilbert. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312182755.
  • DeBartolo, John (2001). "Man, Woman and Sin." Retrieved May 6, 2005.
  • Lussier, Tim (2002). "Merry Widow" commentary. Retrieved May 6, 2005.
  • Golden Silents (2004). "John Gilbert, Silent and Sound Film Star, Actor, Director, Writer." Retrieved May 5, 2005.
  • Thompson, Dean (2004). "Woman of Affairs" Commentary. Retrieved May 6, 2005.
  • Golden, Eve (2013). John Gilbert: The Last of the Silent Film Stars. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0813141626.

External links

  • John Gilbert on IMDb
  • John Gilbert at AllMovie
  • Interview with Marlene Dietrich's daughter mentioning Gilbert
  • Photographs of John Gilbert
  • Sidereality review of "Gilbert and Garbo in Love" Book review/essay with considerable biographical material concerning John Gilbert
  • John Gilbert at Find a Grave
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