Johannes Steen

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Johannes Steen

Johannes Wilhelm Christian Steen (22 July 1827 - 1 April 1906) was a Norwegian educator who served as Prime Minister of Norway from 1891 to 1893 and from 1898 to 1902.[1]

Background

He was born in Christiania (now Oslo, Norway). He grew up in Vesteraalen as the son of John Svaboe Steen (1798– 1872) and Christine Fleischer (1805-1851). His father was a judge and member of Parliament. His brother Frederik Steen was also a member of Parliament. [2]

He took his examen artium at Tromsø in 1844. From 1844, he was a student at the University of Christiania and received his cand.philol. in 1848. Over the next 42 years, Steen combined his profession as teacher and educationist with a political career. He served as a teacher in Bergen (1850–55) and Tromsø (1855-1866). He was mayor of Tromsø (1856-1862) and (1864-1866). From 1866 he was Rector of Stavanger Cathedral School. [3]

Career

Steen was mayor of Stavanger (1872-1883) and (1885-1890). In 1859 he was first elected member of the Storting for Tromsø. In 1868, Steen was elected to the Storting for Stavanger. From 1871, the Storting became increasingly marked by political debate and struggle between liberal and conservative forces. Steen first served as the President of the lower house (Odelstinget) 1871-1873 and 1877-1881. He served as Prime Minister of Norway for two terms. Steen first became Prime Minister from 6 March 1891- 2 May 1893. In 1894, Steen was re-elected to the Storting from Trondheim. Steen became Prime Minister again from 17 February 1898 – 21 April 1902.[4] [5]

Steen's final administration was responsible for the 1902 Land Sales Act, which limited the buying or leasing of state-owned land to fluent Norwegian speakers, barring the Saami people from the purchase of their traditional hunting and grazing grounds.[6]

Personal life

He was married in 1849 to Elise Henriette Stoltenberg (1826-1896). He was made a Knight in the Order of St Olav in 1887. He died in 1906 at Voss in Hordaland and was buried at Vår Frelsers gravlund in Kristiania.

References

  1. ^ "Johannes Steen". Norwegian Government Administration Services. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  2. ^ Gunnar Garbo. "Johannes Steen, Skolemann, Politiker". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  3. ^ Knut Dørum. Johannes Steen (Store norske leksikon)
  4. ^ "Odelstinget". Lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  5. ^ "Johannes Steen". Lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  6. ^ BBC History Magazine, January 2011 The Saami of Scandinavia p. 19;
Political offices
Preceded by
Emil Stang
Prime Minister of Norway
1891–1893
Succeeded by
Emil Stang
Preceded by
Francis Hagerup
Prime Minister of Norway
1898–1902
Succeeded by
Otto Albert Blehr


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