Joan Gamper Trophy

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Joan Gamper Trophy
Trofeu Joan Gamper
Founded 1966
Region Catalonia
Number of teams 4 (1966–96)
2 (1997–)
Current champions Barcelona
Most successful club(s) Barcelona (40 titles)
Television broadcasters TV3 Televisió de Catalunya
Barça TV
Website FC Barcelona
2017 Joan Gamper Trophy

The Joan Gamper Trophy (Catalan: Trofeu Joan Gamper) or Joan Gamper Cup is an annual friendly football match held in August, before the start of FC Barcelona's La Liga season.[1] The competition is hosted by FC Barcelona at the Camp Nou stadium and is named in honour of Joan Gamper, a founding member, player, and later president of the club. The competition was inaugurated in 1966 by Enric Llaudet, one of Gamper's successors as club president.[2] The trophy itself is an 800 grams (1.8 lb) silver cup with five micrometres of gold finishing, on top of a 10 kilograms (22 lb) marble plinth base.[3]

Initially, four teams participated in the competition, which featured two semi-finals, a third-place play-off, and a final. For the first competition in 1966, Barcelona were joined by Belgium's R.S.C. Anderlecht, France's FC Nantes, and Germany's FC Köln. Barcelona beat the German team 3–1 in the final. Köln subsequently won the competition in 1978 and 1981 and were runners-up in 1979, making them the only team, other than the hosts, to win the competition more than once. The next edition saw the first appearance of another Spanish team, Atlético Madrid, who along with the hosts, were joined by German side Bayern Munich, and Argentina's Boca Juniors. The latter two clubs are among the most regular guests. Bayern were runners-up in 1984, 1987 and 2006, while Boca became the first of several South American guests to be invited and have since returned in 1977, 1984, 2003 and 2008. The only non-European team to win the tournament was Brazil's Internacional, in 1982.

Subsequent competitions have included teams from Italy's Serie A, Germany's Bundesliga. Other top-flight Spanish clubs have also occasionally been invited, including Tenerife and Valencia, who were winners in 1993 and 1994, respectively. Since 1997, the competition has only featured a one-off game, the tournament being shortened due to an increased fixture list and a shorter close season.[1] If the match is tied after 90 minutes, no extra-time is played and the winner is decided by a penalty shoot-out.

Lionel Messi holds a number of records in the history of the Joan Gamper Trophy.
Lionel Messi holds a number of records in the history of the Joan Gamper Trophy.

Winners

List of finals

A (a.e.t.) marks the winner was determined after extra time.
A (p) marks the winner was determined after a penalty shootout.

Four teams (1966–1996)

Year Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1966 Spain Barcelona 3–1 West Germany Köln Belgium Anderlecht 7–0 France Nantes
1967 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Spain Atlético Madrid Argentina Boca Juniors 1–0 West Germany Bayern Munich
1968 Spain Barcelona 5–4 Brazil Flamengo Spain Athletic Bilbao 3–1 West Germany Werder Bremen
1969 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Spain Zaragoza Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava 2–1 Argentina Estudiantes
1970 Hungary Újpest 3–1 Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow Spain Barcelona 1–0 West Germany Schalke 04
1971 Spain Barcelona 1–0 Argentina Chacarita Juniors Hungary Budapest Honvéd 2–0 West Germany Bayern Munich
1972 West Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach 3–2 Bulgaria CSKA Sofia Spain Barcelona 0–0 (p) Brazil Vasco da Gama
1973 Spain Barcelona 2–2 (p) West Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach Argentina San Lorenzo 1–1 (p) Peru Municipal
1974 Spain Barcelona 4–1 Scotland Rangers Spain Athletic Bilbao 1–0 Netherlands Ajax
1975 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Netherlands Feyenoord Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava 1–1 (p) Hungary Újpest
1976 Spain Barcelona 2–0 West Germany Eintracht Frankfurt Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague 1–1 (p) Soviet Union CSKA Moscow
1977 Spain Barcelona 4–1 West Germany Schalke 04 Argentina Boca Juniors 2–1 Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava
1978 West Germany Köln 5–0 Austria Rapid Wien Spain Barcelona 3–2 Brazil Botafogo
1979 Spain Barcelona 3–2 (a.e.t.) West Germany Köln Belgium Anderlecht 2–2 (p) Switzerland Zürich
1980 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Brazil Vasco da Gama Argentina River Plate 0–0 (p) Netherlands PSV Eindhoven
1981 West Germany Köln 4–0 Spain Barcelona Brazil Vasco da Gama 2–1 England Ipswich Town
1982 Brazil Internacional 3–1 England Manchester City Spain Barcelona 1–1 (p) West Germany Köln
1983 Spain Barcelona 2–1 West Germany Borussia Dortmund Belgium Anderlecht 4–2 England Nottingham Forest
1984 Spain Barcelona 3–1 West Germany Bayern Munich Argentina Boca Juniors 3–1 England Aston Villa
1985 Spain Barcelona 3–1 West Germany Hamburger SV Netherlands Ajax 4–2 Austria Rapid Wien
1986 Spain Barcelona 1–0 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven England Tottenham Hotspur 2–1 Italy Milan
1987 Portugal Porto 2–0 West Germany Bayern Munich Spain Barcelona 3–2 Netherlands Ajax
1988 Spain Barcelona 3–1 Romania Steaua București Uruguay Peñarol 3–3 (p) Netherlands PSV Eindhoven
1989 Belgium Mechelen 2–0 France Sochaux Spain Barcelona 1–0 Brazil Internacional
1990 Spain Barcelona 3–1 Belgium Anderlecht Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 2–1 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow
1991 Spain Barcelona 3–0 France Marseille Brazil Internacional 2–0 Austria Rapid Wien
1992 Spain Barcelona 2–0 Netherlands Feyenoord Belgium Club Brugge 3–3 (p) Bulgaria CSKA Sofia
1993 Spain Tenerife 3–1 Spain Barcelona France Bordeaux 2–0 Croatia Hajduk Split
1994 Spain Valencia 4–1 Spain Barcelona Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 2–1 Italy Brescia
1995 Spain Barcelona 5–1 Argentina San Lorenzo Netherlands Feyenoord 3–2 Bulgaria CSKA Sofia
1996 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Italy Internazionale Belgium Anderlecht 3–2 Argentina San Lorenzo

Two teams (1997–present)

Year Winner Score Runner-up
1997 Spain Barcelona 2–2 (p) Italy Sampdoria
1998 Spain Barcelona 2–2 (p) Brazil Santos
1999 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Portugal Sporting CP
2000 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven
2001 Spain Barcelona 3–2 Italy Parma
2002 Spain Barcelona 1–0 Serbia and Montenegro Red Star Belgrade
2003 Spain Barcelona 1–1 (p) Argentina Boca Juniors
2004 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Italy Milan
2005 Italy Juventus 2–2 (p) Spain Barcelona
2006 Spain Barcelona 4–0 Germany Bayern Munich
2007 Spain Barcelona 5–0 Italy Internazionale
2008 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Argentina Boca Juniors
2009 England Manchester City 1–0 Spain Barcelona
2010 Spain Barcelona 1–1 (p) Italy Milan
2011 Spain Barcelona 5–0 Italy Napoli
2012 Italy Sampdoria 1–0 Spain Barcelona
2013 Spain Barcelona 8–0 Brazil Santos
2014 Spain Barcelona 6–0 Mexico León
2015 Spain Barcelona 3–0 Italy Roma
2016 Spain Barcelona 3–2 Italy Sampdoria
2017 Spain Barcelona 5–0 Brazil Chapecoense

Titles by club

Team Titles
Spain Barcelona 40
Germany Köln 2
Hungary Újpest 1
Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach
Brazil Internacional
Portugal Porto
Belgium Mechelen
Spain Tenerife
Spain Valencia
Italy Juventus
England Manchester City
Italy Sampdoria

Participation by club

Below is the participation by club listed, grouped by country.

Participation(s) Team(s)
52 Spain Barcelona
6 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven
5 Argentina Boca Juniors
Belgium Anderlecht
Germany Bayern Munich
Germany Köln
3 Argentina San Lorenzo
Austria Rapid Wien
Brazil Internacional
Brazil Vasco da Gama
Bulgaria CSKA Sofia
Italy AC Milan
Italy Sampdoria
Netherlands Ajax
Netherlands Feyenoord
2 Brazil Santos
England Manchester City
Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach
Germany Schalke 04
Hungary Újpest
Italy Internazionale
Slovenia Slovan Bratislava
Spain Athletic Bilbao
1 Argentina Chacarita Juniors
Argentina Estudiantes
Argentina River Plate
Belgium Club Brugge
Belgium Mechelen
Brazil Botafogo
Brazil Chapecoense
Brazil Flamengo
Croatia Hajduk Split
Czech Republic Sparta Prague
England Aston Villa
England Ipswich Town
England Nottingham Forest
England Tottenham Hotspur
France Bordeaux
France Marseille
France Nantes
France Sochaux
Germany Borussia Dortmund
Germany Eintracht Frankfurt
Germany Hamburger SV
Germany Werder Bremen
Hungary Budapest Honvéd
Italy Brescia
Italy Juventus
Italy Napoli
Italy Parma
Italy Roma
Mexico León
Peru Municipal
Portugal Sporting CP
Portugal Porto
Romania Steaua Bucureşti
Russia CSKA Moscow
Russia Dynamo Moscow
Russia Spartak Moscow
Scotland Rangers
Serbia Red Star Belgrade
Slovenia Spartak Trnava
Spain Atlético Madrid
Spain Tenerife
Spain Valencia
Spain Zaragoza
Switzerland Zürich
Uruguay Peñarol

Awards/Records

Awards

Most Valuable Player

Records

Top goalscorers
Position Player Club Goals
1 Argentina Lionel Messi Spain Barcelona 8
2
Spain Juan Manuel Asensi 7
Spain Txiki Begiristain
Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov
3 Spain Josep Maria Fusté 6
Spain Marcial Pina

Consecutive goalscoring

  • Lionel Messi is the only player in the history of Joan Gamper Trophy who has scored in five consecutive editions (2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017).

See also

References

General
  • Lozano Ferrer, Carles; et al. (19 February 2010). "Trofeo Joan Gamper (Barcelona-Spain) 1966–2008". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
Specific
  1. ^ a b Lozano Ferrer, Carles et al
  2. ^ "Enric Llaudet". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Miguel, J.; Giménez, S. (16 August 2008). "La gran fiesta culé". SPORT.es (in Spanish). Grupo Zeta. Retrieved 11 August 2010. 
  4. ^ "Messi, MVP del Joan Gamper". MARCA.com (in Spanish). 3 August 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Messi sí quiere". SPORT.es (in Spanish). Grupo Zeta. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "FC Barcelona v UC Sampdoria: Gamp-iones! (3-2) | FC Barcelona". www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved 2016-08-10. 
  7. ^ "Leo Messi, MVP and top scorer in the Gamper | FC Barcelona". www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11. 
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