Jiangjin District

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Jiangjin
江津区
District
江津长江公路大桥.jpg
Jiangjin District in Chongqing
Jiangjin District in Chongqing
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Chongqing
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Jiangjin (Chinese: 江津; pinyin: Jiāngjīn), one of districts of Southwest Chongqing, China, lies along the upper reaches of Yangtze River, and has a history extending back more than 1500 years. The district covers 3200 square kilometres and supports a population of 1,460,000.[1] The county seat and central town of Jiangjin is 50 km (31 mi) away by highway, 65 km (40 mi) away by railway and 72 km (45 mi) away by waterway from Yuzhong of central Chongqing.

Administrative divisions

Jiangjin District administers 23 townships and 3 subdistricts.

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[1] Area (km2)
Jijiang Subdistrict 几江街道 Jǐjiāng Jiēdào 196,787 35.2
Dingshan Subdistrict 鼎山街道 Dǐngshān Jiēdào 33.35
Degan Subdistrict 德感街道 Dégǎn Jiēdào 83,950 122.8
Shuangfu Subdistrict 双福街道 Shuāngfú Jiēdào 47,962 66
Shenquan Subdistrict 圣泉街道 Shèngquán Jiēdào not established
Youxi Town 油溪镇 Yóuxī Zhèn 63,386 154.11
Wutan Town 吴滩镇 Wútān Zhèn 29,206 51.3
Shimen Town 石门镇 Shímén Zhèn 35,665 65.5
Zhuyang Town 朱杨镇 Zhūyáng Zhèn 26,335 55
Shima Town 石蟆镇 Shímá Zhèn 69,881 202
Yongxing Town 永兴镇 Yǒngxìng Zhèn 32,535 162
Tanghe Town 塘河镇 Tánghé Zhèn 13,813 64
Baisha Town 白沙镇 Báishā Zhèn 115,761 238
Longhua Town 龙华镇 Lónghuá Zhèn 27,849 84.81
Lishi Town 李市镇 Lǐshì Zhèn 66,620 183
Ciyun Town 慈云镇 Cíyún Zhèn 18,551 27.5
Caijia Town 蔡家镇 Càijiā Zhèn 43,922 230
Zhongshan Town 中山镇 Zhōngshān Zhèn 20,509 56
Jiaping Town 嘉平镇 Jiāpíng Zhèn 18,883 52
Bolin Town 柏林镇 Bólín Zhèn 38,564 91.5
Siping Town 四屏镇 Sìpíng Zhèn 60
Xianfeng Town 先锋镇 Xiānfēng Zhèn 48,586 50.4
Luohuang Town 珞璜镇 Luòhuáng Zhèn 71,515 148.5
Jiasi Town 贾嗣镇 Jiǎsì Zhèn 27,327 83.92
Xiaba Town 夏坝镇 Xiàbà Zhèn 17,486 39.4
Xihu Town 西湖镇 Xīhú Zhèn 38,386 143
Dushi Town 杜市镇 Dùshì Zhèn 26,879 55
Guangxing Town 广兴镇 Guǎngxìng Zhèn 11,222 40
Simianshan Town 四面山镇 Sìmiànshān Zhèn 4,889 255.2
Zhiping Town 支坪镇 Zhīpíng Zhèn 36,680 81

History

Jiangjin enjoys a history of more than 1500 years. Established in 487 C. E., Jiangzhou County was renamed Jiangyang County in 557 C. E. and renamed Jiangyang County in 583 C. E. In 1983, Jiangjin County placed under the administration of Chongqing city. However, in 1992, the Jiangjin County was promoted to a city level, and was called Jiangjin City. In 2006, the status of Jiangjin City was changed to Jiangjin District, Chongjin, a county-level division of Chongqing.

Geographical setting

Jiangjin lies within central China at 105°49′—106°38′of longitude and 28°28′—29°28′of north latitude. The landscape and topography of Jiangjin slopes from high elevations in the south and low in the north. Luohuangzhongba stands at the lowest elevation (178.5 m). The highest site, Wugongba in Simian Mountain, reaches an elevation of 1709.4 m. The average elevation of downtown Jiangjin is 209.7 m, with a flood stage designated at an elevation of 199.13 m.

Climate and weather

The subtropical monsoon climate features an annual average temperature of 18.4 °C (65.1 °F), a monthly average temperature of 7.7 °C (45.9 °F) in January and 28.5 °C (83.3 °F) in July, with total annual radiation of 1273.6 hrs, total annual rainfall of 1,030.7 mm (40.58 in), a frost-free period of 341 days and annual average relative humidity of 81%.

A view of Zhongshan Ancient Town, Jiangjin, Chongqing

Transportation

At present, six national-level highways provide transportation corridors to Jiangjin. For example, both the Chengdu-Chongqinq and Yuqin freeways serve to ease traffic problems in Jiangjin. The Luohuang Yangtse River Railway Bridge and Jiangjin Yangtze River Bridge provide convenient access to Jiangjin. The Yangtze River pass through Jiangjin, creating a 305 km (190 mi) long waterway when including tributary waterways in the District; Jiangjin has five nationally recognized deep-watered ports along its rivers. Well connected to main city centre via three major highway. Just 50 mins drive from airport to Jiangjin.

Economy

  • Jiangjin, as one of several important citrus producing areas in China, has a long history of citrus cultivation. The famous 'Jincheng' orange originated here. Major agricultural products include rice, wheat, soybean, sweet potato, pepper corn, vegetables and fruits. Animal husbandry includes pig farms and fisheries.
  • In 2006,the total annual GDP was CNY14.894 billion and the annual average income per copita is CNY10,458 in Jangjin. It posted the 7th highest GDP in 2016. Zhiping country is the key focus of high end development in 2017. Large Chinese residential developers were turned away without an exciting development proposal despite offering high RMB2m per acre. Third Communist Liberation Army will be relocated to Zhiping with a massive 1500 acres of land, providing medical services, military training and housing facilities for high ranking military officers and families.

Tourism

The waterfall in Simian Mountain, Jiangjin, Chongqing

One of the famous tourist attractions in Jiangjin, Simian Mountain, is known for its natural beauty, featuring flourishing forests, lakes, rivers and waterfalls, located only 140|km|abbr=on}}from the Chongqing downtown area.

Another famous tourist attraction is the Zhongshan Ancient Town, with a historical record of its existence dating 850 or so years back to the Song Dynasty. A more recent tourist attraction is Aiqing Tianti, a mountain path with 6,000 steps built by Liu Guogang for his wife Xu Zhaoqing. The path is scene as a symbol of dedication and love between Liu and Xu and hence attracted many tourists to visit the path and their secluded home.

Special Local Products

Jiangjin is known for its production of Laobaigan, a strong limpid liquor usually with an alcohol level of near or above 60 proof. Mihuatang, sweet and crisp dessert produced in Jiangjin, is mainly made of puffed rice and sesame. Agriculture grown in Jiangjin are known to be cancer preventing as such they are renown for the number of centenarians.

Sister city

See also

Notes

  1. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 

External links

  • Government website of Jiangjin

Coordinates: 29°17′26″N 106°15′15″E / 29.290555°N 106.25416°E / 29.290555; 106.25416

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