Jiang (rank)

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Jiang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; Wade–Giles: chiang) is the rank held by general officers in the military of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan. The People's Liberation Army and the People's Armed Police use three levels at present while the Republic of China Armed Forces use four, with the rank equivalent to the fourth being treated as a field officer rank in the PLA (i.e. senior colonel equivalent to brigadier general). This difference is found in other militaries as well. For example. in the British Army a brigadier is considered a field officer, while the equivalent rank in the United States Army, brigadier general, is considered a general officer.

The PLA uses the same rank names for all services, prefixed by hai jun (Chinese: 海军; literally: "naval force") or kong jun (Chinese: 空军; literally: "air force"). While the ROC does the same for enlisted ranks and company-grade officers, it has distinct names for the higher naval ranks. Because of the additional field officer rank in the PLA, ranks with the same Chinese name do not correspond to the same rank. A similar situation occurs in the militaries of North and South Korea with some ranks.

People's Liberation Army

Rank Literal
translation
Army
translation
Navy
translation
PLA
ground force
insignia
PLA
naval force
insignia
PLA
Air force
insignia
NATO
rank
equivalent
Yi ji shang jiang (一级上将)
Rank existed only 1988-1994; never held
First class senior general General of the army Fleet admiral (zh) OF-10
Shang jiang (上将) Senior general General Admiral PLA General.svg OF-9
Zhong jiang (中将) Middle general Lieutenant general Vice admiral PLA Lieutenant General.svg OF-8
Shao jiang (少将) Junior general Major general Rear admiral PLA Major General.svg OF-7

Da jiang

Under the rank system in place in the PLA in the era 1955-1965, there existed the rank of da jiang (大将) or Grand General. This rank was awarded to 10 of the veteran leaders of the PLA in 1955 and never conferred again. It was considered equivalent to the Soviet rank of генера́л а́рмии (general of the army) which is generally considered a five-star rank, although the insignia itself had only four. The decision to name the equivalent rank yi ji shang jiang when it was briefly re-established in 1988-1994 was likely due to a desire to keep the rank of da jiang an honorary one awarded after a war, much as general of the armies in the United States Army.

Republic of China (Taiwan) Army

Insignia adopted in 1959. Rank names are shown below using Hanyu Pinyin and traditional Chinese characters.

Rank Army
translation
Navy
translation
ROC
Army
insignia
NATO
rank
equivalent
Yi ji shang jiang (一級上將) General first class Admiral first class ROCA-1GEN.jpg OF-9
Er ji shang jiang (二級上將) General Admiral ROCA-2GEN.jpg OF-9
Zhong jiang (中將) Lieutenant General Vice Admiral ROCA-LTGEN.jpg OF-8
Shao jiang (少將) Major general Rear admiral ROCA-MAJGEN.jpg OF-7

See also

References

  • PLA Uniforms and Insignia
  • Military ranks of the People's Liberation Army
  • Military ranks of the People's Liberation Army Navy
  • Military ranks of the People's Liberation Army Air Force
  • Military ranks of the Army of the Republic of China


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