Jhunjhunu

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Jhunjhunu
City
Rani Sati Temple
Jhunjhunu is located in Rajasthan
Jhunjhunu
Jhunjhunu
Location in Rajasthan, India
Jhunjhunu is located in India
Jhunjhunu
Jhunjhunu
Jhunjhunu (India)
Coordinates: 28°08′N 75°24′E / 28.13°N 75.4°E / 28.13; 75.4Coordinates: 28°08′N 75°24′E / 28.13°N 75.4°E / 28.13; 75.4
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Jhunjhunu
Government
 • MP Santosh Ahlawat (BJP)
 • MLA Brijendra Ola (INC)
Elevation
323 m (1,060 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total 118,473
Languages
 • Official Hindi
 • Spoken Shekhawati & Marwari
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
333001
Telephone code +91-1592
Vehicle registration RJ-18
Literacy 73.58%
Website jhunjhunu.rajasthan.gov.in

Jhunjhunu is a city and headquarters of Jhunjhunu district in the state of Rajasthan, India.

According to the historians, when and how did Jhunjhunu settle, it does not get clear description. According to him. In the eighth century, Chauhan studied the period of the rulers, then the mention of the existence of Jhunjhunu is mentioned. Dr. Dashrath Sharma has given the list of the towns of the tehri centenary in the name of Jhunjhunu. Similarly, Jhunjhunu's existence in the mention of the Anant and Vagad states was sustained.

After the Sultan Firoz Tughlaq (AD 1338-1351) the descendants descended. It is said that permanent Khan's son Muhammad Khan established his kingdom in Jhunjhunu, after which the region was constantly ruled by the rulers.

Ruhail Khan, the last Nawab of Jhunjhunu who was persecuted by the Nawabs of his own dynasty. In such a situation, he called on Mr. Sharadul Singh Shekhawat here. After the death of Ruhl Khan, Vikram Samvat in 1787, Shekhawat Rajputs ruled over Jhunjhunu, which continued till the acquisition

This city is in the northern state of Rajasthan, India and the administrative headquarters of Jhunjhunu District. It is located 180 km away from Jaipur, 220 km from Bikaner and 240 km from Delhi. The city is famous for the frescos on its grand havelis. Khetri Mahal, known as Wind Palace, inspired Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of Jaipur that he was so intimidated by this unique structure that he built the grand and historical hawa mahal located in Jaipur. The Rani Sati temple is also located in Jhunjhunu.

History

Jhunjhunu is an old and historical town, having its own district headquarter, no authentic proof as yet, when this city was founded and by whom. It is said that it was ruled over by the Chauhan Dynasty in the Vikram era 1045, and Sidhraj was a renowned king. In the year 1450 Mohammed Khan & his son Samas khan defeated the Chauhans and conquered Jhunjhunu. Mohammed khan was first Nawab of Jhunjhunu. Then his son Samas khan ascended the throne in the year. 1459. Samas khan founded the village Samaspur and got Samas Talab constructed. Jhunjhunu was ruled over by of the following Nawabs in succession- Mohammed Khan, Samas Khan, Fateh Khan, Mubark Shah, Kamal Khan, Bheekam Khan, Mohabat Khan, Khijar Khan, Bahadur Khan, Samas Khan Sani, Sultan khan, Vahid Khan, Saad Khan, Fazal Khan, Rohilla Khan.

Rohilla Khan was the last Nawab of Jhunjhun. The Nawabs ruled over Jhunjhunu for 280 years. Rohilla Khan had imposed a great faith in Shardul Singh and he acted as his Diwan. Shardul Singh was a very courageous, bold, brave and efficient administrator. He occupied Jhunjhunu, after the death of Rohilla Khan in 1730. Shardul Singh was as brave as his ancestor Rao Shekha ji was, it was by dint of his subtle political demeanour that he occupied (usurped) Jhunjhunu & ruled over it for twelve years. After his death, the estate was divided equally among his five sons & they continued to rule over it till India achieved freedom Shardul Singh was a man of religious bent of mind, as he built many temples such as Kalyan Ji Mandir & Gopinath Ji Ka mandir at Jhunjhunu. To commemorate the sweet memory of his father, his sons made a monumental dome at Parasrampura. Its fresco painting is worth seeing. Shardual Singh had three marriages. He had six sons from them namely Jorawar Singh, Kishan Singh, Bahadur Singh, Akhay Singh, Nawal Singh and Keshri Singh. Unfortunately, his son Bahadur singh had expired in an early age. As a result his estate was divided into five equal shares. The administration by his five sons was cumulatively known as “Panchpana”.[1]

Jhunjhunu lies in the core of the well known erstwhile Shekhawati province.[1] Maharao Shardul Singh won Jhunjhunu by defeating (in 1730) Rohilla Khan "Raseela", the last Nawab of Jhunjhunu. This is clear from the poetry, made by the Charan of Shekhawats in the Rajasthani language Satrahso Satashiye, Agahan Mass Udaar, Sadu linhe jhunjhunu, Sudi Athen Sanivaar. Another poem in Rajasthani language on Shardul Singh -

Sade, linho Jhunjhunu, Lino amar patai, Bete pote padaute pidhi sat latai. The above poetry was composed by the Charan of Shekhawats after Jhunjhunu was conquered. The translation is that Shardul Singh has taken Jhunjhunu on a lifelong lease. Now the succeeding seven generations would be benefited.

Shardul Singh had three marriages. He married firstly, in 1698, Thukrani Sahaj Kanwar Bika Ji Sahiba, daughter of Manroop Singh Bika of Nathasar; married secondly, Thukrani Sirey Kanwar Bika Ji Sahiba, daughter of Mukal Singh Bika of Nathasar; and married thirdly Thukrani Bakhat Kanwar Mertani Ji Sahiba, daughter of Devi Singh Mertiya of Pundlota (Marwar), near Degana, and had issue. He died 17 April 1742. He had six sons, namely,

Thakur Jorawar singh, (by the first wife), born at Kant, married and had issue. He died 1745. He built Jorawargarh fort, and was the ancestor of the families of Taen, Malsisar, Gangiyasar, Mandrella, etc. Thakur Kishan singh, (by the third wife), born 1709, the ancestor of the families of Khetri, Arooka, Seegra, Alsisar etc. Kunwar Bahadur Singh, (by the third wife), born 1712, died 1732. Thakur Akhay singh, (by the third wife), born 1713, built Akhegarh Fort. Died without issue in 1750. Thakur Nawal singh Bahadur (by 3rd wife), born 1715, ancestor of the families of Nawalgarh, Mahensar, Dorasar, Mukundgarh, Narsinghani,Balonda and Mandawa. He died 24 February 1780. Thakur Keshri singh, (by 3rd wife), born 1728, ancestor of the families of Dundlod, Surajgarh and Bissau, fifth and youngest son, died 1768. Unfortunately, his son Bahadur Singh expired at an early age. As a result, his estate was divided into five equal shares. The administration by his five sons was cumulatively known as Panchpana.

After his death the estate was divided equally among his five sons. Shardul Singh was a man of a religious bent of mind, as he built many temples, such as Kalyan Ji Mandir and Gopinath Ji Ka Mandir at Jhunjhunu. To commemorate the sweet memory of his father, his sons made a monumental dome at Parasrampura. Its fresco painting is worth seeing.

All the five sons of Shardul Singh Ji were very brave, capable and efficient rulers. They raised many new thikanas, towns, forts and palaces; they encouraged the baniyas (merchants) in trade. As a result, they grew rich and made many Havelies.

Currently the famous Rani Sati Dadi Mandir is a main tourist attraction apart from its religious significance. It receives more than 1 lac footfalls a day. Due to this temple the city has earned an importance in serving the tourist and "yatris". The term "mela" is used to represent the "Bhadi Mawas" day, a day of religious importance at this temple. People from all over the India gather in this mandir to offer prayer on this day.

Demographics

Religions in Jhunjhunu
Religion Percent
Hindus
85.21%
Muslims
14.46%
Other
0.33%

In the 2011 India census, the town of Jhunjhunu had a population of 118,473, with a male-to-female ratio of approximately 62:57. Children from ages 0 to 6 numbered 16,710. Jhunjhunu has an average literacy rate of 73.58%.[2]

Jhunjhunu has a history of communal harmony between Hindus and Muslims living together for hundreds of years.[3]

Education

Rajasthan Sports University (Hindi: राजस्थान क्रीड़ा विश्वविद्यालय) is a newly established first public sports university situated in the Jhunjhunu Town of the Indian state Rajasthan to promote the sports education in state Rajasthan. Jhunjhunu City has many educational institutes (schools, degree colleges, polytechnics, management institutes and other professional education institutes) and thousands of students come from different parts of Rajasthan as well as other states to study.

  • Birla Institute of Technology & Science (BITS) ,Pilani Jhunjhunu district
  • Birla senior secondary school, Pilani
  • Piramal School of Leadership, Bagar
  • New Rajasthan Public School, Jhunjhunu
  • Gps Raghunathpura
  • Indoria public school, Derwala
  • Sainik School, Jhunjhunu
  • Dundlod Public School , Jhunjhunu.
  • Jhunjhunu Academy, Jhunjhunu.
  • Shri Jagdish Prasad Jhabarmal Tibrewala University
  • GB Modi Vidya Mandir
  • SS Modi School, Jhunjhunu
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jhunjhunu
  • J.B Shah Girls College
  • Seth Motilal Post Graduate College
  • Shri Radheshyam R Murarka Government Post Graduate College
  • Shri Netram Maghraj, Girls Post Graduate College
  • Prince International School
  • Tulsi public school Mainas
  • Delhi Public School
  • Indra public school, Sithal

Transport

Rail

Jhunjhunu comes within the territory of the North Western Railway. Jhunjhunu city is connected through a broadgauge line to Sikar, Rewari, and Dehli. Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu flagged off two trains to mark the completion of Rs. 260 crore gauge conversion of the 122 km Loharu-Sikar railway line in Rajasthan. Both trains were flagged off by Prabhu through remote control by organising video conferencing between Rail Bhawan, New Delhi and Sikar, Rajasthan. Prabhu pointed out that sufficient funds have been provided in 2015–16 to complete this project, i.e., Jaipur-Ringas-Churu, by March, 2017.[4] Rail service between Jhunjhunu and Dehli (14811/14812) Delhi Sarai Rohilla-Sikar Express (bi-weekly) began 2 September 2015.

Road

Jhunjhunu is well connected by roads from all the major cities of Rajasthan. RJ-SH 8 links Jhunjhunu to Jaipur, Sikar and Luharu. RJ-SH 41 links Fatehpur to Rajgarh via Jhunjhunu

Air

The nearest airport to Jhunjhunu city is Jaipur International Airport. Beside that, a small airstrip is also available in Jhunjhunu for small planes.

Jhunjhunu is famous for-

- BITS pilani situated in Jhunjhunu district

- Rani sati temple

- Piramal group's founder is also from a village named bagar is also in Jhunjhunu

References

  1. ^ "History | Jhunjhunu Rajasthan". jhunjhunu.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Jhunjhunun City Census 2011". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  3. ^ Sharma, Kalpana. "A town full of surprises". indiatogether.org. Indiatogether.org. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Railway Minister flags off new Train on newly build Loharu-Sikar broad gauge line", Rail News (Sept. 1 2015)

http://members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/ips/dynasties/shekhawat-clan.html

http://members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/ips/m/mahansar.html

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