Jharkhand Mukti Morcha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Founder Binod Bihari Mahato
Founded 1972
Headquarters Bariatu Road, Ranchi-834008
Youth wing Jharkhand Chuhatra Yuva Morcha
Ideology Regionalism
Political position Centre-right
ECI Status State Party[1]

NDA (up to 2013)

UPA (Only 2014)
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png

Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) (translation: Jharkhand Liberation Front) is a state political party in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It has two seats in the 15th Lok Sabha. Shibu Soren is the president of the JMM. JMM is also an influential political party in the neighbouring Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal.

The party was officially created on the birthday of Birsa Munda, the 19th century tribal warrior of Jharkhand, who fought against the British rule in present-day Jharkhand.[2] The State of Jharkhand also came into existence on Birsa Munda's birthday in 2000.[3]

100% of their MP's who contested in 2009 elections were candidates with pending criminal cases in their name.[4][5][better source needed]


For almost six decades the movement for formation of Jharkhand from Bihar had been changing colour and strategy to gain a foothold. The Jharkhand Party grew politically stronger but the commissions examining the demands for a separate Jharkhand State rejected these demands every time. Despite the reports of these commissions deciding against them, the Jharkhand Party never lost sight of its ultimate target: a separate state of Jharkhand. Till 1962 Jharkhand Party won between 23-32 seats in the Bihar Legislative Assembly. Post 1962 the Jharkhand Party aligned with Indin National Congress and Jaipal Singh became a minister in Vinodanand Jha's government in Bihar. With this, the demand for the Tribal Homeland was put on hold for nearly a decade.

At the 4th General Election held in 1967 the party had a very poor showing with only eight Assembly seats. The party soon split into several splinter groups each claiming to be the genuine Jharkhand Party. These were - the Jharkhand Party led by N.E. Horo, the Jharkhand Party led by Naren, All India Jharkhand Party led by Bagun Sumroi, the Hul Jharkhand Party led by Justin Richard which further fragmented and came to be called the Bihar Progressive Hul Jharkhand Party and it was led by Shibu Soren.

Santhal leader Shri Shibu Soren founded the ‘Sonat Santhali Samaj’ in 1969. The movement was infused with a new radicalism when Shibu Soren formed the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) in league with the Marxist co-ordination Committee in 1972 with the help of Shri Binod Bihari Mahto, the leader of ‘Shivajee Samaj’. The party was officially created on the birthday of Birsa Munda, the 19th century tribal warrior of Jharkhand, who fought against the British rule in present-day Jharkhand.[6]

On 4 February 1973 Shri Binod Bihari Mahto became president and Shri Shibu Soren as General Secretary of the party. The prominent party leaders at that time were: Comrade A. K. Roy (Party Secretary-Society of Industrial and Coal Laborers), late Martin Nirmal Mahto (prominent Trade Union Movement leader), late Tek Lal Mahto among others.

Early years

In its early years, the JMM under Soren's leadership brought industrial and mining workers who were mainly non-tribals belonging to the Dalit and Backward communities such as Surdis, Doms, Dusadh and Kurmi-Mahtos into its fold. However Soren's association with the late congress M.P. Gyanranjan brought him close to the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi in New Delhi. He won the Dumka Lok Sabha seat in 1972. Irked by Soren's association with the Indian National Congress, a few of the younger members of the JMM banded together in Jamshedpur and set up the All Jharkhand Students Union (AJSU). This did not affect the growth of the JMM in the Indian general election, 1991 where the JMM won six seats.

Ram Dayal Munda reignited the movement for Jharkhand by unifying splinter groups among the tribals. Under his guidance the Jharkhand Coordination Committee was constituted in June 1987, comprising 48 organisations and group including the JMM factions. Due to Ram Dayal Munda, Shibu Soren, Suraj Mandal, Simon Marandi, Shailendra Mahato, and AJSU leaders like Surya Singh Besra and Prabhakar Tirkey briefly shared a political platform, but the JMM pulled out of JCC as it felt that 'the collective leadership was a farce'. The JMM/AJSU and JPP successfully orchestrated so-called bandhs, economic blockades in 1988–89. In the interim,

Jharkhand state

Jharkhand state was formed on 15 November 2000 after almost half a century of people's movements to evolve a Jharkhandi identity, which disadvantaged societal groups articulated to augment political resources and influence the policy process in their favour. It is the 28th state of India.

At the 2005 Jharkhand state assembly elections, the JMM took second place and received 17 of the 81 seats. It supports the government of Independent Chief Minister Madhu Koda which was formed in 2006. It continues to be an active part of the United Progressive Alliance. It has had its fair share of controvoersies when its MPs were involved in the bribery scam during the Rao Government and a scandal in early 2005 about the Chief Minister of Jharkhand. Recently, one of its MPs was assassinated by Naxalites.

After the loss to Bangladesh in the 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Mahendra Singh Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of the JMM[7]

Currently, the Bharatiya Janata Party has formed the government in Jharkhand. Raghubar Das is the Chief Minister of Jharkhand. Shibu Soren is the party President of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha and is the MP from Dumka Lok Sabha seat and Vijay Kumar Hansdak is another MP of JMM who is elected in Lok Sabha from Rajmahal Lok Sabha seat . C.P.Singh is the Speaker of Jharkhand Vidhan Sabha and a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party Party.

Jharkhand Chhatra Yuva Morcha

Jharkhand Chhatra Yuva Morcha (Jharkhand Student Youth Front), the youth and student wing of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, was constituted at a conference in Ranchi 16 October 1991. JCYM was formed to counter the influence of the more radical All Jharkhand Students Union.

Election performance

JMM performed poorly and won just two out of 14 seats in Jharkhand in the Indian general election, 2014. BJP won the rest. JMM won the Dumka Lok Sabha seat and Rajmahal Lok Sabha seat constituencies.[8][9]

List of Chief Ministers

  • Shibu Soren
    • First term (2 March 2005 – 12 March 2005).
    • Second term (27 August 2008 – 18 January 2009).
    • Third term (30 December 2009 – 31 May 2010)
  • Hemant Soren
    • First term (13 July 2013 – 28 December 2014).


  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  2. ^ P. 522 Lok Sabha debates by India. Parliament. House of the People, India. Parliament. Lok Sabha
  3. ^ P. 200 Basic Facts of General Knowledge By Sura College of Competition, V.V.K.Subburaj
  4. ^ "Criminalization Of Politics". satyamevjayate. 
  5. ^ "Pending Criminal Cases of MPs (Lok Sabha 2009 Election)". Association for Democratic Reforms. 
  6. ^ P. 522 Lok Sabha debates by India. Parliament. House of the People, India. Parliament. Lok Sabha
  7. ^ "Ire over Team India's defeat". The Hindu. 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2007-05-11. 
  8. ^ "General Election to Loksabha Trend and Result 2014". Election Commission of India. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  9. ^ Dayal, Harishwar (23 May 2014). "Jharkhand: confirming the national trend". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 

External links

  • Soren stakes claim to form Jharkhand government - TCN News
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jharkhand_Mukti_Morcha&oldid=799166794"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jharkhand_Mukti_Morcha
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Jharkhand Mukti Morcha"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA