Jhabua State

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Jhabua State
झाबुआ रियासत
Princely State of British India

1584–1948
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Jhabua
Jhabua State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
Capital Jhabua
History
 •  Established 1584
 •  Accession to the Union of India 1948
Area
 •  1901 3,460 km2 (1,336 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 80.889 
Density 0 /km2  (0.1 /sq mi)
Bhil girls in Jhabua.

Jhabua State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. It had its capital in Jhabua town. Most of the territory of the princely state was inhabited by the Bhil people, who constituted a majority of the population. Umarkot was a thikana or vassal state of Jhabua.[1]

History

Rao Bhirji, fifth son of Rao Jodha of Marwar, was the earliest known ancestor of the ruling family. The state of Jhabua was founded by his descendant, Kunwar Kesho Das or Kishan Das, in 1584. He was granted the title of Raja by Mughal Emperor Jahangir of Delhi as a reward for a successful campaign in Bengal, and for punishing the Bhil Chiefs of Jhabua, who had murdered an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat. Its rulers were Rajputs of the Rathore dynasty.[2]

During British rule the state was under the Bhopawar Agency[3] of the Central India Agency and in 1927 it became part of the Malwa Agency. After India's independence in 1947, Jhabua's last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 15 June 1948, and Jhabua became part of the newly created Madhya Bharat state, which in 1956 was merged into Madhya Pradesh.[4]

Rulers

The rulers of Jhabua were titled "Raja". They were granted a hereditary salute of 11 guns by the British.[5]

Rajas

1584 – 1607 Kesho Das
1607 – 1610 Karan Singh
1610 – 1677 Man Singh
1677 – 1723 Kushal Singh
1723 – 1727 Anup Singh
1727 – 1758 Sheo Singh (d. 1758)
1758 – 1770 Bahadur Singh
1770 – 1821 Bhim Singh (d. 1829)
1821 – 1832 Pratap Singh (d. 1832)
1832 – 1840 Ratan Singh (d. 1840)
Nov 1841 – 1895 Gopal Singh (b. 1841 – d. 1895)
26 Apr 1895 – 1942 Udai Singh (b. 1875 – d. af.1945)
1942 – 15 Aug 1947   Dhalip Singh (b. 1905 – d. 1965)

See also

References

  1. ^ Great Britain India Office. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.
  2. ^ Princely States of India
  3. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jhabua". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 411. 
  4. ^ Jhabua - Princely State
  5. ^ Jhabua Princely State (11 gun salute)

Coordinates: 22°46′N 74°36′E / 22.77°N 74.6°E / 22.77; 74.6

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