Jennifer Tour Chayes
Jennifer Tour Chayes | |
---|---|
in 2017
| |
Born | New York City^{[1]} |
Residence | Boston^{[1]} |
Alma mater |
Wesleyan University Princeton University |
Known for |
phase transitions discrete mathematics graph theory game theory |
Scientific career | |
Fields |
Physics Mathematics Theoretical computer science |
Institutions |
Microsoft Research New England Microsoft Research New York City UCLA Cornell University Harvard University |
Thesis | The Inverse Problem, Plaquette Percolation and a Generalized Potts Model (1983) |
Doctoral advisor |
Elliott H. Lieb Michael Aizenman |
Jennifer Tour Chayes is a Technical Fellow and Managing Director of Microsoft Research New England in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which she founded in 2008, and Microsoft Research New York City, which she founded in 2012 ^{[1]}. Chayes is best known for her work on phase transitions in discrete mathematics and computer science, structural and dynamical properties of self-engineered networks, and algorithmic game theory. She is considered one of the world's experts in the modeling and analysis of dynamically growing graphs.^{[2]} Chayes has been with Microsoft Research since 1997, when she co-founded the Theory Group. She received her Ph.D. in mathematical physics at Princeton University in 1983. She is Affiliate Professor of Mathematics and Physics at the University of Washington, and was for many years Professor of Mathematics at UCLA. She is an author on almost 120 scientific papers and the inventor on more than 25 patents.
Contents
Early life and education
Chayes was born in New York City^{[1]} and grew up in White Plains, N.Y., the child of Iranian immigrants. She received her B.A. in Biology and Physics from Wesleyan University in 1979 where she graduated first in her class. She received her Ph.D. in Mathematical Physics at Princeton University. She did her postdoctoral work in the Mathematics and Physics departments at Harvard and Cornell. She moved to UCLA as a tenured Professor of Mathematics in 1987.
Career at Microsoft
While she was on sabbatical at the Institute for Advanced Study in 1997, Microsoft CTO Nathan Myhrvold, a classmate of Chayes's from Princeton, asked her to start and lead the Theory Group at Microsoft Research Redmond.^{[3]} The Theory Group analyzes fundamental questions in theoretical computer science using techniques from statistical physics and discrete mathematics. Chayes opened Microsoft Research New England in July 2008 with Borgs. The lab is located at the Microsoft New England Research & Development Center and is pursuing new, interdisciplinary areas of research that bring together core computer scientists and social scientists to understand, model, and enable future computing and online experiences.^{[2]} On May 3, 2012, the New York Times reported that, "Microsoft is opening a research lab in New York City…" which Chayes will co-manage.^{[4]}^{[5]} The new lab also brings together computer scientists and social scientists, particularly in the areas of economics, computational and behavioral social sciences, and machine learning. Chayes is currently Managing Director of both Microsoft Research New England and Microsoft Research New York City. She has contributed the development of methods to analyze the structure and behavior of various networks, the design of auction algorithms, and the design and analysis of various business models for the online world.
Recognition
Chayes serves on numerous institute boards, advisory committees and editorial boards, including the Turing Award Selection Committee of the Association for Computing Machinery, the Board of Trustees of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute and the Institute for Computational and Experimental Research in Mathematics, the Advisory Boards of the Center for Discrete Mathematics and Computer Science, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Janelia Farm Research Campus, and Women Entrepreneurs in Science and Technology. Chayes is a past Chair of the Mathematics Section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a past Vice-President of the American Mathematical Society. She is the recipient of a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, a Sloan Fellowship, and the UCLA Distinguished Teaching Award.^{[6]}^{[7]}^{[8]}^{[9]}
Chayes is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Fields Institute, the Association for Computing Machinery, and the American Mathematical Society, as well as a National Associate of the National Academies. She has been the recipient of many leadership awards, including one of the 2012 Anita Borg Institute Women of Vision Awards.
Awards and honors
- Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellowship (1989)
- Member of Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ (1994-95, 1997)
- Invited Speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians (1998)
- American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow (2006)
- Association for Computing Machinery Fellow (2010)^{[10]}
- American Mathematical Society Fellow (2012)^{[11]}
- Anita Borg Institute Women of Vision Award (2012) ^{[12]}
- Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics John von Neumann Lecture Prize (2015)
- Leiden University Honorary Doctorate (2016)^{[13]}
Personal life
Chayes married Christian Borgs in 1993 and was previously married to Lincoln Chayes whom she met at Princeton. She has had extremely successful collaborations with both her husbands; of her 94 papers in MathSciNet (as of February 2014), 51 are coauthored with Christian Borgs and 37 are coauthored with Lincoln Chayes.
References
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} ^{d} "Jennifer Tour Chayes CURRICULUM VITAE" (PDF). Microsoft Research. April 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} 2012 Women to Watch: Jennifer Chayes, Massachusetts High Tech. By Scott Pickering. 20 April 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- ^ "Lab of Ideas". Wesleyan Magazine. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- ^ Microsoft Taps Yahoo Scientists for New York Research Lab, NYT. By Steve Lohr. Fifth, tenth and eleventh paragraphs. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- ^ Microsoft Opens New York Research Lab, Hires Mainly Yahoo Researchers, CSO. By John Ribeiro. 3 May 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- ^ B. Bollobas; C. Borgs; J. Chayes; J.H. Kim; D.B. Wilson (May 2001), "The scaling window of the 2-SAT transition", Random Structures and Algorithms, 18 (3): 201–256, arXiv:math/9909031, doi:10.1002/rsa.1006
- ^ Chayes, Jennifer; N. Berger; C. Borgs; R. D'Souza; R. D. Kleinberg (2007), Emergence of tempered preferential attachment from optimization, 104, pp. 6112–6117
- ^ Chayes, Jennifer; R. Andersen; C. Borgs; U.Feige; A. Flaxman; A. Kalai; V. Mirrokni; M. Tennenholtz (2008), Trust-based recommendation systems: An axiomatic approach
- ^ Chayes, Jennifer; M. Biskup; C. Borgs; L. Kleinwaks; Kotecky (2004), "Partition function zeros at first-order phase transitions: A general analysis", Communications in Mathematical Physics, 251: 79–131, arXiv:math-ph/0304007, Bibcode:2004CMaPh.251...79B, doi:10.1007/s00220-004-1169-5
- ^ ACM Names 41 Fellows from World's Leading Institutions: Many Innovations Made in Areas Critical to Global Competitiveness Archived 2012-04-28 at the Wayback Machine., ACM, December 7, 2010, retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ^ List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2012-11-10.
- ^ Anita Borg 2012 Winner of the ABIE Award Winner for Technical Leadership, retrieved 2017-06-26
- ^ University of Leiden news retrieved 2017-06-26
External links
- Jennifer Tour Chayes homepage
- American physicists
- American computer scientists
- Theoretical computer scientists
- Women computer scientists
- Women mathematicians
- Women physicists
- 1956 births
- Living people
- Fellows of the American Mathematical Society
- Fellows of the Association for Computing Machinery
- Cornell University alumni
- Harvard University alumni
- Microsoft employees
- Princeton University alumni
- University of California, Los Angeles faculty
- University of Washington faculty
- Wesleyan University alumni
- Scientists from New York (state)
- 20th-century American mathematicians
- 21st-century American mathematicians
- 20th-century women scientists
- 21st-century women scientists
- Institute for Advanced Study visiting scholars
- Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
- Game theorists
- Sloan Research Fellows
- American people of Iranian descent