Jeff Rulifson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Jeff Rulifson
Jeff Rulifson photograph.jpg
Jeff Rulifson in 2008
Born 1941
(1941-08-20) August 20, 1941 (age 77)
Nationality American
Alma mater University of Washington
Stanford University
Known for Development of the oN-Line System (NLS)
Scientific career
Fields Computer science
Institutions Stanford Research Institute
Xerox PARC
ROLM
Sun Microsystems
Syntelligence

Johns Frederick (Jeff) Rulifson (born August 20, 1941) is an American computer scientist.

Early life and education

Johns Frederick Rulifson was born August 20, 1941 in Bellefontaine, Ohio. His father was Erwin Charles Rulifson and mother was Virginia Helen Johns. Rulifson married Janet Irving on June 8, 1963 and had two children.[1] He received a B.S. in mathematics from the University of Washington in 1966.[1]

Career

Rulifson joined the Augmentation Research Center, at the Stanford Research Institute (now SRI International) in 1966, working on a form of software called “timesharing”. He led the software team that implemented the oN-Line System (NLS), a system that foreshadowed many future developments in modern computing and networking.[2] Specifically, Rulifson developed the command language for the NLS, among other features.[3] His first job was to create the first display-based on the CDC 3100, and the programs he wrote included the first online editor. He also redesigned its file structure.[4] Although Douglas Engelbart was the founder and leader of ARC, Rulifson's innovative programming was essential to the realization of Engelbart's vision. Rulifson was also involved in the development of NIL.[5]

Rulifson was the SRI's representative to the "network working group" in 1968,[6] which led to the first connection on the ARPANET.[7] He described the Decode-Encode Language (DEL), which was designed to allow remote use of NLS over ARPANET.[8] Although never used, the idea was small "programs" would be down-loaded to enhance user interaction. This concept was fully developed in Sun Microsystems's Java programming language almost 30 years later, as applets.[9] Rulifson was also lead programmer[10] and wrote the program and demonstration files for the first public demonstration of the computer mouse in 1968.[11] He was also the chief programmer of the first use of hypertext.[12] Later he was involved in the development of the AI programming language QA4.[13]

Rulifson earned a Ph.D. in computer science from Stanford University in 1973.[14] He left SRI to join the System Sciences Laboratory (SSL) within Xerox PARC in 1973.[1] Here he began work on personal computing and the creation of local networks.[15] One of his first actions was to develop the concept for the desktop icon.[16] By 1978 he was the manager of the center’s Office Research Group, where he introduced the use of interdisciplinary scholars into the group’s work.[17] Specifically, he was the first computer scientist to begin working alongside anthropologists, hiring several at Xerox to improve their use of field research[18] and enter the field of social science research.[19]

Early in his career he was also involved in artificial intelligence research.[20] While at PARC, he worked on implementing distributed office systems. He worked for ROLM in 1980 as an engineering manager. In 1985, he joined Syntelligence, an artificial intelligence applications vendor in Sunnyvale, California.[1] He began working for Sun Microsystems Laboratories in 1987, and held positions including as a director of engineering, technology development, and research groups. He then managed Ivan Sutherland's lab from 2003 until his retirement.[21] Jeff Rulifsons papers and research from 1956 to 1997 is contained in the Computer History Museum, with a guide to his work entitled Guide to the Jeff Rulifson papers, written by Bo Doub, Kim Hayden, and Sara Chabino Lott.[22] He is an emeritus board member of the Doug Engelbart Institute[23] and Chairman of The Open Group.[24]

Awards

In 1990, Rulifson won the Association for Computing Machinery's Software System Award for implementing groundbreaking innovations such as hypertext, outline processors, and video conferencing.[25] In 1994, he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery, for his “pioneering work on augmenting human intellect with hypertext, outline processors, and video conferencing.”[26] In 2006 Rulifson was named to the SRI International Hall of Fame.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Johns Frederick (Jeff) Rulifson". Biographical Sketches. Stanford University. November 9, 1996. Retrieved April 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Johns Frederick (Jeff) Rulifson". SRI Hall of fame. SRI International. Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  3. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=cTyfxP-g2IIC&pg=PT237
  4. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=CEc1OOGmA5IC&pg=PA122
  5. ^ https://www.computer.org/csdl/proceedings/afips/1970/5075/00/50750589.pdf
  6. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=9BfZxFZpElwC&pg=PA59
  7. ^ Steve Crocker (April 7, 1969), "Host Software", RFC 1, Network Working Group 
  8. ^ Jeff Rulifson (June 2, 1969), "DEL", RFC 5, Network Working Group 
  9. ^ RFC Editor, et a. (April 7, 1999), "30 Years of RFCs", RFC 2555, Network Working Group 
  10. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/7768481.stm
  11. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=6IVACwAAQBAJ&pg=PA462
  12. ^ http://www.historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=1055
  13. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=ubviWXXcrvoC&pg=PA180
  14. ^ Jeff Rulifson; Jan Derksen; Richard Waldinger (November 1973). "QA4, A Procedural Calculus for Intuitive Reasoning". SRI AI Center Technical Note 73. 
  15. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=AzbSDAAAQBAJ&pg=PT220
  16. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=2y4EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA35&
  17. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=HuC9Zf7IRywC&pg=PA2
  18. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=E42AAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA188
  19. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=hfG6r7kTl7oC&pg=RA3-PT108
  20. ^ https://www.computer.org/csdl/trans/tc/1976/08/01674697.pdf
  21. ^ https://news.stanford.edu/news/2009/january7/sri-010709.html
  22. ^ http://www.computerhistory.org/collections/catalog/102733946
  23. ^ http://www.dougengelbart.org/about/our-people.html
  24. ^ http://archive.opengroup.org/public/member/q200/rulifson_bio.htm
  25. ^ "1990 – Jeff Rulifson: NLS". Software system award citation. Association for Computing Machinery. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved April 15, 2011. 
  26. ^ https://awards.acm.org/award_winners/rulifson_1481993

External links

  • Jeff Rulifson Google homepage
  • "Invisible Revolution: Jeff Rulifson". Video Interview with Frode Hegland and Fleur Klijnsma. Retrieved April 15, 2011. 
  • Augmentation Research Center Status Report, March, 1967[permanent dead link]
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jeff_Rulifson&oldid=838875876"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Rulifson
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Jeff Rulifson"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA