Jaunpuri

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Jaunpuri
Thaat Asavari
Pakad m P n d P, m P g, R m P

Raga Jaunpuri is a rāga in Hindustani classical music in the Asavari thaat. Some musicians like Omkarnath Thakur consider it indistinguishable from the shuddha rishabh Asavari.[1] Its attractive swaras also make it a popular raga in the Carnatic circles with a number of compositions in South India being tuned to Jaunpuri.[2]

The name of the rāga may associate it with places of this name, such as Javanpur in Gujarat, close to Saurasthra region and Jaunpur in northern Uttar Pradesh.[2]

History

Jaunpuri was created by Sultan Hussain Sharqi of Jaunpur.

Structure

The Pakad is "m P n d P, m P g, R m P"

It is usually performed in the late morning (8-10am).

In Carnatic music

Structure and Lakshana

(the notes used in this scale are shadja, chathusruthi rishabha, sadharan gandhar, shuddh madhyam, pancham, kaishiki nishadh and shuddh dhaivat)

In the Carnatic circles, Jonpuri is considered a janya rāga of Natabhairavi, the 20th Melakarta rāga.

Popular compositions

Jonpuri lends itself to songs that try to convey bhakti or a certain glorious grandeur or awe.[2]

Kritis

Composition Composer
Madhava loka nam Swathi Thirunal
Eppo Varuvaro Gopalakrishna Bharathi
Tapasya Kausalya Panchapakesa Sastri
Rama mantrava Purandaradasa
Asai Mugham Marandhu Poche Bhaaratiyaar
Chidanandadam Srinivasam Kalyani Varadarajan

Film songs

Thedi Vanthene Pulli Maane - Film -Mathurai Veeran
Composition Singer Film Music Director
Ullamellam inba vellam MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar Chintamani
Gnanakann onru MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar Ashok Kumar
Sathva guna bodhan MK Thyagaraja Bhagavathar Ashok Kumar
Innamum paramugam Velaikari S. M. Subbayya Naidu and C. R. Subbaraman
Thaai irukka pillai Velaikari S. M. Subbayya Naidu and C. R. Subbaraman
Ninaithale inikkumadi manam Radha-Jayalakshmi duo Mullai Vanam
Naan petra selvam T. M. Soundararajan Mullai Vanam
Kallile kalai vannam Seerkazhi Govindarajan Kumudam K. V. Mahadevan
Andavan darisaname T. R. Mahalingam Agasthiyar Kunnakudi Vaidhyanathan
Sonnadhu neethana P. Susheela Nenjil Or Aalayam M. S. Viswanathan – Ramamurthy

Notes

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani: S R M P   
    • Western: C D F G G# A# C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani:    P M  R S
    • Western: C A# G# G F D# D C

References

  1. ^ Rajan Parrikar, Asavari and Associates
  2. ^ a b c Mani, Charulatha. "A Raga's journey - Jaunty Jonpuri". The Hindu.
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