Jangipur subdivision

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Jangipur subdivision
Subdivision
Jangipur subdivision is located in West Bengal
Jangipur subdivision
Jangipur subdivision
Jangipur subdivision is located in India
Jangipur subdivision
Jangipur subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 24°28′N 88°04′E / 24.47°N 88.07°E / 24.47; 88.07Coordinates: 24°28′N 88°04′E / 24.47°N 88.07°E / 24.47; 88.07
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Murshidabad
Headquarters Jangipur
Area
 • Total 1,097.82 km2 (423.87 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,972,308
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code ISO 3166-2:IN
Website wb.gov.in

Jangipur subdivision is an administrative subdivision of Murshidabad district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Overview

The Bhagirathi River splits the district into two natural physiographic regions – Rarh on the west and Bagri on the east. Jangipur subdivision lies in the Rarh region in Murshidabad district. The Rarh region spreads over from the adjoining Santhal Pargana division of Jharkhand on the west. The land is slightly higher in altitude than the surrounding plains and is undulating.The Padma River, on the east, separates Murshidabad district from Malda district and Chapai Nawabganj and Rajshahi districts of Bangladesh in the north.[1][2]

Geography

Subdivisions

Murshidabad district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[3]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Barhampur Baharampur 1,195.57 1,725,525 80.15 19.85
Kandi Kandi 1,200.76 1,155,645 93.21 6.79
Jangipur Jangipur 1,097.82 1,972,308 56.43 43.57
Lalbag Murshidabad 1019.10 1,253,886 92.36 7.64
Domkol Domkol 837.88 996,443 97.55 2.45
Murshidabad district 5,324.00 7,103,807 80.28 19.72

Administrative units

Jangipur subdivision has 5 police stations, 7 community development blocks, 7 panchayat samitis, 61 gram panchayats, 561 mouzas, 420 inhabited villages, 2 municipalities and 52 census towns. The municipalities are: Jangipur and Dhulian. The census towns are: Farakka Barrage Township, Srimantapur (P), Benia Gram, Arjunpur, Sibnagar , Memrejpur, Pranpara, Mahadebnagar, Anup Nagar, Jaffrabad, Kankuria, Uttar Mahammadpur, Chachanda, Dhusaripara, Serpur, Kohetpur, Bhasaipaikar, Jaykrishnapur, Basudebpur, Madna, Ramakantapur, Nayabahadurpur, Fatellapur, Jagtaj, Debipur, Aurangabad, Mahendrapur, Hafania, Dafahat, Paschim Punropara, Ichhlampur, Chakmeghoan, Kakramari, Khanpur, Khidirpur, Bhabki, Ghorsala, Srikantabati, Charka, Dafarpur, Ramnagar, Mirzapur, Giria, Mithipur, Jot Kamal, Osmanpur, Sahajadpur, Khodarampur, Donalia, Teghari, Krishna Sali and Bara Jumla. The subdivision has its headquarters at Jangipur.[4][5]

Police stations

Police stations in Jangipur subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[6][7]

Police station Area covered
km2
India-Bangladesh
border km
Inter-state
border KM
Municipal town CD Block
Farakka n/a - n/a - Farakka
Samserganj n/a n/a n/a Dhulian Samserganj
Suti n/a n/a n/a - Suti I, Suti II
Raghunathganj n/a n/a n/a Jangipur Raghunathganj I, Raghunathganj II
Sagardighi n/a - - - Sagardighi

Murshidabad district has a 125.35 km long international border with Bangladesh of which 42.35 km is on land and the remaining is riverine.[8]

There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators entering Murshidabad district.[9][10] An estimate made in 2000 places the total number of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants in India at 1.5 crore, with around 3 lakh entering every year. The thumb rule for such illegal immigrants is that for each illegal person caught four get through. While many immigrants have settled in the border areas, some have moved on, even to far way places such as Mumbai and Delhi. The border is guarded by the Border Security Force.[11]During the UPA government, Sriprakash Jaiswal, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, had made a statement in Parliament on 14 July 2004, that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi infiltrators living in India, and West Bengal topped the list with 5.7 million Bangladeshis. More recently, Kiren Riju, Minister of State for Home Affairs in the NDA government has put the figure at around 20 million.[12]Critics point out that that the Bengali politicians, particularly those from the ruling Trinamool Congress and the CPI (M), believe that a soft approach to the problem helps them to win Muslim votes.[13]

Blocks

Community development blocks in Jangipur subdivision are:[14][15][16]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Muslims % Hindus % Decadal
Growth Rate
2001-2011 %
Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Farakka Farakka 132.74 274,111 11.93 1.88 67.15 32.23 24.57 60.47 8
Samserganj Dhulian 84.21 284,072 6.48 0.06 83.48 16.38 34.09 54.98 11
Suti I Ahiran 143.68 179,908 14.37 0.15 58.15 41.62 29.02 58.06 4
Suti II Dafahat 111.13 278,922 7.34 0.18 72.53 27.22 30.82 55.23 13
Raghunathganj I Raghunathganj 140.91 195,627 27.11 1.33 56.48 43.32 26.73 64.49 6
Raghunathganj II Giria 140.91 265,336 8.76 0.03 81.97 17.87 37.82 61.17 10
Sagardighi Sagadighi 345.42 310,461 18.78 6.38 64.68 31.56 23.06 65.26 -

Gram Panchayats

The subdivision contains 61 gram panchayats under 7 community development blocks:[17]

  • Raghunathganj I CD Block - Dafarpur, Jarur, Mirjapur, Jamuar, Kanupur and Raninagar.
  • Raghunathganj II CD Block - Barasimul Dayarampur, Jotkamal, Mitipur, Sekendra, Kasiadanga, Sammatinagar, Teghari–I, Giria, Lakshmijola and Sekalipur.
  • Suti II CD Block - Aurangabad–I, Jagtai–I, Laxmipur, Umrapur, Aurangabad–II, Jagtai–II, Mahesail–I, Bajitpur, Kasimnagar, Mahesail–II.
  • Samserganj CD Block - Bogdadnagar, Gajinagar Malancha, Nimtita, Bhasaipaikar, Chachanda, Pratapganj, Dogachhi Napara, Kanchantala and Tinpukuria.
  • Sagardighi CD Block - Balia, Bokhara–I, Kabilpur, Patkeldanga, Bannyeswar, Bokhara–II, Monigram, Sagardighi, Barala, Gobordhandanga and Moregram.
  • Farakka CD Blocks - Arjunpur, Bewa–I, Mahadebnagar, Bahadurpur, Bewa–II, Maheshpur, Beniagram, Imamnagar and Nayansukh.

River bank erosion

As of 2013, an estimated 2.4 million people reside along the banks of the Ganges alone in Murshidabad district.[18] The main channel of the Ganges has a bankline of 94 km along its right bank from downstream of Farakka Barrage to Jalangi. Severe erosion occurs all along this bank. The encroaching river wiped out 50 mouzas and engulfed about 10,000 hectares of fertile land. The following blocks have to face the brunt of erosion year after year: Farakka, Samserganj, Suti I, Suti II, Raghunathganj II, Lalgola, Bhagawangola I, Bhagawangola II, Raninagar I, Raninagar II and Jalangi. As per official estimate, till 1992-94 more than 10,000 hectares of chars (flood plain sediment island) have developed in main places, which have become inaccessible from the Indian side but can be reached easily from Bangladesh.[19]

See also - River bank erosion along the Ganges in Malda and Murshidabad districts

Economy

Infrastructure

All inhabited villages in Murshidabad district have power supply.[20]

See the individual block pages for more information about the infrastructure available.

Farakka Barrage

Farakka Barrage Project Complex comprises of the 2,245 m long Farakka Barrage across the Ganges, the 213 m long Jangipur Barrage across the Bhagirathi, the 38.38 km long Feeder Canal, 33.79 km long Left Afflux Bund of Farakka Barrage and 16.31 km long Left Afflux Bund of Jangipur Barrage, Anti-erosion Protection Work from Rajmahal and Diara (40 km upstream of Farakka Barrage) to Jalangi (80 km downstream from Farakka Barrage and associated work. Farakka Barrage carries a rail-cum-road bridge. One of the largest projects of its kind in the country, it is under the Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation.[21]

Power stations

The 2,100 MW Farakka Super Thermal Power Station of NTPC at Nabarun and the 1,600 MW Sagardighi Thermal Power Station of West Bengal Power Development Corporation, at Manigram, are in Jangipur subdivision.[22][23]

Beedi industry

According to a 2016 report, there are around 1,000,000 (1 million/ ten lakh) workers engaged in the beedi industry in Jangipur subdivision. 90% are home-based and 70% of the home-based workers are women. There are around 90 registered manufacturers of major biri brands in West Bengal, the nerve centre being Jangipur subdivision. There are 18 big factories and 50 small factories in this subdivision. The munshi, a contractor, who distributes the raw materials to the homes of workers and collects the finished products, is a key figure.[24]As of 2003, around 400,000 workers were engaged in the prime area locations of beedi making, a household industry, in Farakka, Samserganj, Suti I, Suti II, Raghunathganj I and Raghunathganj II CD Blocks of Jangipur subdivision. The majority of those working were women and children.[25][26][27]

Agriculture

Murshidabad is a predominantly agricultural district. A majority of the population depends on agriculture for a living. The land is fertile. The eastern portion of the Bhagirathi, an alluvial tract, is very fertile for growing Aus paddy, jute and rabi crops. The Kalantar area in the south-eastern portion of the district, is a low lying area with stiff dark clay and supports mainly the cultivation of Aman paddy. The west flank of the Bhagirathi is a lateritic tract insersected by numerous bils and old river beds. It supports the cultivation of Aman paddy, sugar cane and mulberry.[28]

Given below is an overview of the agricultural production (all data in tonnes) for Jangipur subdivision, other subdivisions and the Murshidabad district, with data for the year 2013-14.[29]

CD Block/ Subdivision Rice Wheat Jute Pulses Oil seeds Potatoes Sugarcane
Farakka 2,113 1,982 31,799 2,743 837 5,140 25,824
Samserganj 346 221 25,898 329 215 2,424 2,501
Suti I 3,091 122 16,314 273 2,449 3,796 1,359
Suti II 2,716 7,018 65,418 5,479 1,089 11,700 -
Raghunathganj I 12,371 9,326 18,842 179 131 2,752 -
Raghunathganj II 31,996 2,875 32,052 185 664 830 160
Sagardighi 154,839 23,717 17,102 186 6,990 11,555 -
Jangipur subdivision 207,472 45,261 207,425 9,374 12,375 38,197 52,344
Barhampur subdivision 268,587 109,091 914,791 5,758 35,315 39,914 160,221
Kandi subdivision 487,207 4,157 6,186 4,818 9,355 85,886 106,646
Lalbag subdivision 68,034 20,304 427,450 7,809 22,592 40,997 3,295
Domkol subdivision 80,899 109,518 730,393 16,755 33,410 117,082 25,023
Murshidabad district 1,112,199 288,331 2,286,245 44,514 113,047 322.076 347,529

Education

Murshidabad district had a literacy rate of 66.59% (for population of 7 years and above) as per the census of India 2011. Barhampur subdivision had a literacy rate of 72.60%, Kandi subdivision 66.28%, Jangipur subdivision 60.95%, Lalbag subdivision 68.00% and Domkal subdivision 68.35%.[30]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Murshidabad district for the year 2013-14:[30]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Barhampur 728 88,371 107 13,364 37 31,214 92 162,613 7 17,418 11 2,796 2,278 100,164
Kandi 672 66,030 105 11,248 46 32,752 61 87,482 5 7,830 3 400 1,717 74,370
Jangipur 747 144,416 72 14,159 25 30,004 76 194,025 5 15,335 5 500 2,793 160,236
Lalbag 601 72,429 74 8,997 24 22,174 66 120,454 5 13,088 7 759 2,082 93,891
Domkol 432 52,177 73 11,791 22 23,201 47 86,672 3 7,211 11 2,457 1,612 74,330
Murshidabad district 3,180 423,423 431 59,559 154 139,345 342 651,246 25 60,882 37 6,912 10,482 502,991

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[30]

The following institutions are located in Jangipur subdivision:

Healthcare

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Murshidabad district.[44]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Barhampur 2 2 4 15 3 - - 45 71 1,645 282 149,393 2,094,027
Kandi 1 2 3 17 1 - - 6 30 567 68 85,624 1,005,056
Jangipur 1 1 6 15 - - 2 12 37 590 62 141,427 1,043,548
Lalbag 1 2 3 14 - 1 1 23 45 483 65 105,562 1,154,275
Domkol 1 2 2 9 - - - 19 33 252 44 45,110 802,309
Murshidabad district 6 9 18 70 4 1 3 105 216 2,537 521 527,116 6,099,215

.* Excluding nursing homes

Medical facilities in Jangipur subdivision are as follows:

Hospitals: (Name, location, beds)[45]
Jangipur Subdivisional Hospital, Jangipur, 250 beds
Central Hospital for Beedi Workers, Malancha, Samserganj CD Block, 50 beds
Farakka Barrage Hospital, Farakka, 50 beds

Rural Hospitals: (Name, block, location, beds)[45]
Sagardighi Rural Hospital, Sagardighi CD Block, Sagardighi, 30 beds
Anupnagar Rural Hospital, Samseganj CD Block, Dhulian, 30 beds
Mahesail Rural Hospital, Suti II CD Block, Mahesail, Parulia via Auragabad, 30 beds

Block Primary Health Centres: (Name, block, location, beds)[45]
Farakka BPHC, Farakka CD Block, Farakka, 10 beds
Ahiran BPHC, Suti I CD Block, Ahiran, 15 beds
Rajnagar BPHC, Raghunathganj I CD Block, Rajnagar, 6 beds
Teghari BPHC, Raghunathganj II CD Block, Teghari, 10 beds

Primary Health Centres: (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC location, beds)[45]
Sagardighi CD Block: Monigram (10), Singeswari-Gouripur (6), Suryapur, Dhanparganj (4)
Farakka CD Block: Benipur (working as BPHC) (15), Arjunpur (10), Kendua, Srimantapur (2)
Samserganj CD Block: Putimari (2), Uttar Mahammadpur (10)
Suti I CD Block: Bahutali (10), Hilora (10)
Suti II CD Block: Aurangabad, Dafahat (10), Baje Gajipur, Kassimnagar (6)
Raghunathganj I CD Block: Barla (10), Gankar (2)
Raghunathganj II CD Block: Mohammadpur, Adikantapur (10)

Electoral constituencies

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Jangipur subdivision were as follows: [46]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Jangipur None Suti None Suti II community development block and Bahutali, Harua and Sadikpur gram panchayats of Suti I CD Block
Jangipur None Jangipur municipality, Raghunathganj I CD Block and Ahiran and Bansabati GPs of Suti I CD Block
Raghunathganj None Raghunathganj II CD Block, Nurpur GP of Suti I CD Block and Maiya GP of Lalgola CD Block
Sagardighi None Sagardighi CD Block
Lalgola
in Lalbag subdivision
None Airmari Krishnapur, Bahadurpur, Bilbora Kopra, Dewansarai, Jasaitala, Kalmegha, Lalgola, Manikchak, Nashipur, Paikpara and Ramchandrapur GPs of Lalgola CD Block and Kantanagar GP of Bhagawangola I CD Block
Nabagram
in Lalbag subdivision
Reserved for SC Nabagram CD Block, and Niyallishpara Goaljan, Radharghat I, Radharghat II and Sahajadpur GPs of Berhampore CD Block
Khargram
in Kandi subdivision
Reserved for SC Khargram CD Block, and Kalyanpur I and Kalyanpur II GPs of Burwan CD Block
Maldaha Dakshin None Farakka None Farakka Block, and Gajinagar Malancha and Kanchantala GPs of Samserganj CD Block
Samserganj None Dhulian municipality and Bhasaipaikar, Bogdadnagar, Chachanda, Dogachhi, Napara, Nimtita, Pratapganj and Tinpukuria GPs of Samserganj CD Block
5 assembly segments in Malda district

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