From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Janaka welcomes Rama.jpg
Janaka welcoming Rama and his father Dasharatha in Mithila
Spouse(s) Sunainana

Janaka or Janak was a king of Videha around seventh-century BC.[1] The Videha (or Mithila) kingdom was located between east of Gandaki River, west of Koshi River, north of Ganga river and south of Himalayas. The region is now divided between the present day Indian state of Bihar and a small part of Terai Region in Nepal.

Janaka in Vedic literature

Videha and other kingdoms of late Vedic India
Yajnavalkya teaches Brahma Vidya to King Janaka.

Late Vedic literature such as Shatapatha Brahmana and Brihadaranyaka Upanishad mention a certain King Janaka (c. 7th century BCE) as a great philosopher-king of Videha, renowned for his patronage of Vedic culture and philosophy and whose court was an intellectual center for Brahmin sages such as Yajnavalkya.[2] Under his reign, Videha became a dominant political and cultural center of the Indian subcontinent.[3]

Other Janaka

Janaka is the father of Sita, the wife of God Ram in the Hindu epic Ramayana. His conversation with Ashtavakra is recorded as Ashtavakra Gita, wherein he is depicted as one realised and this tested by the sage Ashtavakra. Many spiritual teachers have referred to this writing often translating and deducing its meaning.[4][5]

See also




  1. ^ Raychaudhuri 2006, p. 44.
  2. ^ Raychaudhuri 2006, pp. 41–52.
  3. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, 97–265.
  4. ^ Vanita, Ruth (2009). "Full of God:Ashtavakra and ideas of Justice in Hindu Text". Religions of South Asia. 3 (2). Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  5. ^ Mukerjee, Radhakamal (1971). The song of the self supreme (Aṣṭāvakragītā): the classical text of Ātmādvaita by Aṣṭāvakra. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 978-81-208-1367-0. 


Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Janaka&oldid=809296833"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janaka
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Janaka"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA