Jalgaon

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Jalgaon Junction railway station

Jalgaon
City
Jalgaon is located in Maharashtra
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon is located in India
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711
Country India
State Maharashtra
Region Khandesh
District Jalgaon
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Body JMC
Area
 • Total 95 km2 (37 sq mi)
Population (2017)
 • Total 760,468
 • Density 8,000/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Jalgaonkar
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 00-91-257
Vehicle registration MH 19
Website www.jalgaon.nic.in

Jalgaon (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in western India, located in northern Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jalgaon district. Jalgaon exists as a municipal corporation with 460,228 residents according to the 2011 census.[1] Jalgaon can be reached by National Highway 6, by railway, or by commercial flights via Mumbai. Aptly known as the "Banana City", Jalgaon contributes about half of Maharashtra's banana production.[2]

Geography

Jalgaon
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
8.9
 
 
30
13
 
 
3.1
 
 
33
14
 
 
4.1
 
 
38
19
 
 
0
 
 
41
24
 
 
11
 
 
43
27
 
 
129
 
 
38
26
 
 
250
 
 
31
24
 
 
164
 
 
31
24
 
 
149
 
 
32
23
 
 
37
 
 
34
19
 
 
22
 
 
32
15
 
 
7.4
 
 
30
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Jalgaon Weather

Jalgaon, also known as Khandesh, has an average elevation of 225 m (738 ft).[3] The Girna River flows northwest of the city.

Demographics

Religions in Jalgaon
Religion Percent
Hindus
63.12%
Muslims
18.27%
Buddhists
16.21%
Jains
1.71%
Christians
0.23%
Others†
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

In the 2011 Indian census,[4] Jalgaon had a population of 460,468. According to the 2001 census, males constituted 52 percent of the population and females 48 percent. Jalgaon has an average literacy rate of 76 percent, higher than the Indian national average of 59.5 percent, with male literacy at 80 percent, and female literacy 71 percent. As of the 2011 census, thirteen percent of the population is under six years of age.

Agriculture

Religions in Jalgaon
Religion Percent
Hindus
63.12%
Muslims
18.27%
Buddhists
16.21%
Jains
1.71%
Christians
0.23%
Others†
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

The Jalgaon district produces more than 16 percent of India's bananas which adds up to 3 percent of the world's banana production. According to the Maharashtra Stats Banana Producers Co-operative Federation, 66 percent of total cultivation in the state happens in the Jalgaon district.[5]

Transport

The Jalgaon Junction railway station is on the Howrah–Mumbai line. The Bhusaval Junction railway station is 25 kilometers from Jalgaon. It is a major Maharashtra rail junction and connects with New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai.

Jalgaon Airport, at Kusumba (about six kilometers from the city) has been upgraded by the AAI and was inaugurated on 23 March 2012 by Indian President Pratibha Patil.[6]

Education

North Maharashtra University was established in the city of Jalgaon on 15 August 1989. Government Polytechnic Jalgaon was established in 1960. Government College of Engineering, Jalgaon was established in 1996. The district is also home to schools and colleges of the Khandesh Education Society and Maratha Vidya Prasarak Mandal and President College of Hotel Management. In March 2018, Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis announced in the Legislative Assembly that Jalgaon-based North Maharashtra University would be named after noted 19th century Poetess Bahinabai Chaudhari from Jalgaon area.[7]

Temples

  • Satpuda Manudevi Temple, Adgaon
  • Patnadevi temple, Chalisgaon
  • Padmalaya temple, Erandol - one of the two and half 'Shree Ganapati Peeth' in India
  • Muktabai temple at Muktainagar
  • Changdeo temple of Changdeo village near Muktainagar
  • Shirsala Maruti temple, Shirsala village located at South West of Muktainagar.
  • Marina temple, Dolarkheda village in Muktainagar.
  • Maheji Mata temple, Maheji, Pachora
  • Walmik Rishi Ashram, Valziri, Chalisgaon
  • Jagrut Maroti Temple
  • Maroti Temple

Places of interest

  • Gandhi Teerth - A modern museum showcasing Mahatma Gandhi's life and work. The museum offers audio guides in English, Hindi and Marathi. It has more than seven thousand books written by and about Gandhi, more than 200,000 pages of digitised documents, 152 audio speeches by Gandhi, and 85 documentaries and stamps commemorating Gandhi from 116 countries. Its archives contain the diaries of Mahadevbhai Desai, Manuben, and more than 5,000 issues of weekly publications from India's independence movement.[8]
  • Mehrun Lake
  • Pal, Jalgaon district

See also

References

  1. ^ "population". Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  2. ^ "Banana republic Jalgaon bears fruit". Indian Express. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Elevation of Jalgaon". Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ "Business and Economical of Jalgaon, Industries in Jalgaon". www.jalgaononline.in. Retrieved 2018-06-25. 
  6. ^ "President inaugurates Jalgaon airport". Newstrackindia.com. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/north-maharashtra-university-to-be-named-after-bahinabai-cm-118032200880_1.html
  8. ^ "Gandhi Research Foundation". Gandhi Research Foundation. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 

External links

  • Official website


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