Jaisalmer State

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Jaisalmer State
Kingdom 1156–1818
Princely State 1818–1947

1156–1947
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Jaisalmer
Map of Jaisalmer State with important Rawlot duchies.
History
 •  Established 1156
 •  Independence of India 1947
Area
 •  1931 41,600 km2 (16,062 sq mi)
Population
 •  1931 76,255 
Density 1.8 /km2  (4.7 /sq mi)
Today part of Rajasthan, India
Coat of arms based on The Princely Armory. Publ. by The Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing. Calcutta. 1877
Royal standard of Jaisalmer over Royal Palace[1]

Jaisalmer State is the popular name of the kingdom established in the area of present-day Rajasthan by Rawal Jaisal when he moved the capital of reminiscent[clarification needed] of the Bhati dynasty from Ludarva to Jaisalmer (1156) because the old capital Ludarva was vulnerable. Bhati rajputs continued to rule Jaisalmer independently until 1818, when it signed a treaty with the British Empire effectively making it a British Protectorate, a Princely State entitled to a 15-gun salute.[2]

History

The Jaisalmer state had its foundations in the Deogarh state. The new capital of Jaisalmer was founded in 1156 and state took its name from the capital.[citation needed]. Traditionally, in the Middle Ages the main source of income for the kingdom was levies on caravans, but the economy was heavily affected when Bombay emerged as a major port and sea trade replaced the traditional land routes. Maharawals Ranjit Singh and Bairi Sal Singh attempted to turn around the economic decline but the dramatic reduction in trade impoverished the kingdom. A severe drought and the resulting famine from 1895 to 1900, during the reign of Maharawal Salivahan Singh, only made matters worse by causing widespread loss of the livestock that the increasingly agriculturally based kingdom relied upon.

Maharawal Jawahir Singh’s (1914–49) attempts at modernization also failed to turn the kingdom’s economy around and it remained isolated and backward compared with other areas of Rajasthan.

Rulers

Rawals

Maharawals

Dewans (chief ministers)

  • c.1885 – 1891: Mohata Nathmal
  • c.1890 – 1903: Mehta Jagjiwan
  • 189. – 1900: Thakur Kushal Singh (acting)
  • 1900: Rawatmal Purohit Khetrapaliya (acting)
  • c.1909: Lakshmi Das Sapat
  • 1911 – Jun 1912: Mohammed Niyaz Ali Kazi Hapiri (b. 1866 – d. 19..)
  • Jun 1912 – 21 Mar 1930: Murarji Rooji (Moraji Rao) Sapat
  • c.1892 – 1902: HH Shri Panna Lal Ji Soni Nathani
  • c.1930 – 1932: HH Shri Umedmal Ji II Soni Nathani (acting)
  • 19.. – 19..: M.L. Khosala
  • 19.. – 19..: Pandit Jamana Lal
  • 19.. – 19..: Munshi Nand Kishore
  • 19.. – 19..: Lala Rakhpat Raj
  • 19.. – 19..: P.K. Shurugula
  • 19.. – 19..: Brij Mohan Nath Zutshi
  • 19.. – 19..: Anand Swaroop
  • 19.. – 19..: Onkar Singh
  • c.1940 – c.1942: Lakhpat Rai Sikund

See also

References

  1. ^ Flags of the World (FOTW) - Jaisalmer; Indian Princely State
  2. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 24, p. 386.

External links

  • Media related to Jaisalmer State at Wikimedia Commons
  • Wikisource "Jaisalmer". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 129. 

Coordinates: 26°55′N 70°54′E / 26.92°N 70.9°E / 26.92; 70.9

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