Jacques Dextraze

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Jacques Alfred Dextraze
CBC war correspondents Normand Eaves, holding the microphone, and Norman McBain... - Le correspondant de guerre Normand Eaves, au micro, et Norman McBain....jpg
LCol Jacques Dextraze interviewed by CBC War Correspondent
Born (1919-08-15)August 15, 1919
Montreal, Quebec
Died May 9, 1993(1993-05-09) (aged 73)
Montreal, Quebec
Allegiance  Canada
Service/branch Canadian Forces Land Force Command-Canadian Forces
Years of service 1940–1977
Rank General
Commands held Chief of the Defence Staff
Battles/wars Second World War
Korean War
Awards Companion of the Order of Canada
Companion of the Order of Military Merit
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order & Bar
Knight of the Venerable Order of Saint John
Canadian Forces Decoration
Other work Chairman of the Canadian National Railways

General Jacques Alfred Dextraze CC, CMM, CBE, DSO & Bar, KStJ, CD (August 15, 1919 – May 9, 1993) was a Canadian soldier and Chief of the Defence Staff from 1972–1977.

Early life

Born in Montreal, Québec, the son of Alfred Dextraze and Amanda (Bond) Dextraze, he joined Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal in 1940 as a Private, and was soon commissioned as Lieutenant.

Military career

He served in World War II in North West Europe where he was granted command of his regiment in action and was awarded two Distinguished Service Orders. In 1950 he was called back from a civilian career to build, train and command the 2nd Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment, leading it in the Korean War. His battalion won considerable acclaim for its stubborn stand at "Hill 355" when allied troops withdrew, leaving the "Vingt deux" surrounded but unshaken.

In 1962 he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General.

In 1963 he was the first Canadian to be Chief of Staff of the United Nations Forces in the Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville). The military component headquarters, coordinated by Dextraze, was in the process of planning the mission's withdrawal in early 1964 as the Simba rebellion loomed.[1] Dextraze launched a small-scale operation during Pierre Mulele's Kwilu Province uprising of January 1964 in order to save at least some of the threatened aid workers and missionaries under attack from the jeunesse.

He also led missions to rescue a group of Non Governmental Organization personnel, who were hostages of Katangan rebels in the Congo. He was awarded the Commander of the Order of the British Empire for his service. He was one of Canada's most distinguished peacekeeping commanders.

In 1967 he was promoted to Major General and Lieutenant-General in 1968. In 1972, he was promoted to the rank of General and became Chief of Defence Staff of the Canadian Forces for an unusual period of five years.

Civilian career

He retired from the Canadian Forces in 1977 and from 1977 to 1982 was Chairman of the Canadian National Railway.

Honours

In 1978 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. Dextraze Pavilion, a dining hall at the Royal Military College Saint-Jean was named in his honour.

Family

In 1942, he married Frances Helena Pare. They had four sons; Richard, Jacques, Robert and John.

His son, Richard Paul Dextraze, was Killed In Action (KIA) in Vietnam on April 23, 1969, where he fought as a Lance Corporal in the United States Marine Corps, and was a posthumous recipient of the Silver Star medal and the Purple Heart. He is interred along with his father in Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery in Montreal, Quebec.

References

  1. ^ Horn, Bernd; Harris, Stephen John (2001-01-01). Warrior Chiefs: Perspectives on Senior Canadian Military Leaders. Dundurn. pp. 310–311. ISBN 9781550023510.
  • "'JADEX': General Jacques Alfred Dextraze". Department of National Defence. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  • "Jacques Alfred Dextraze". Historica Heritage Minute. Archived from the original on October 26, 2007. Retrieved July 27, 2008.
  • "Jacques Alfred Dextraze". The Canada Veterans Hall of Valour. Retrieved March 27, 2005.
Military offices
Preceded by
F.R. Sharp
Chief of the Defence Staff
1972-1977
Succeeded by
R.H. Falls
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