Jacob T. Schwartz

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Jacob T. Schwartz
Born (1930-01-09)January 9, 1930
The Bronx, New York
Died March 2, 2009(2009-03-02) (aged 79)
Manhattan, New York
Nationality American
Alma mater City College of New York (B.S., 1949)
Yale University (M.A., 1949; Ph.D., 1951)
Known for Dunford-Schwartz theorem
Awards Leroy P. Steele Prize (1981)
Scientific career
Fields Applied mathematics
Computer sciences
Institutions Yale University
New York University
Doctoral advisor Nelson Dunford
Doctoral students Jerry Hobbs
Ken Kennedy
Robert Kupperman
Stanley Osher
Gian-Carlo Rota
Shmuel Winograd

Jacob Theodore "Jack" Schwartz (January 9, 1930 – March 2, 2009)[1] was an American mathematician, computer scientist, and professor of computer science at the New York University Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. He was the designer of the SETL programming language and started the NYU Ultracomputer project. He founded the New York University Department of Computer Science, chairing it from 1964 to 1980.[1]

Early life

Schwartz was born in The Bronx, New York on January 9, 1930 to Ignatz and Hedwig Schwartz. He attended Stuyvesant High School and went on to City College of New York.[2]


He received his B.S. (1949) from the City College of New York and his M.A. (1949) and Ph.D. (1951) from Yale University.


His research interests included the theory of linear operators, von Neumann algebras, quantum field theory, time-sharing, parallel computing, programming language design and implementation, robotics, set-theoretic approaches in computational logic, proof and program verification systems; multimedia authoring tools; experimental studies of visual perception; multimedia and other high-level software techniques for analysis and visualization of bioinformatic data.

He authored 18 books and more than 100 papers and technical reports.

He was also the inventor of the Artspeak programming language that historically ran on mainframes and produced graphical output using a single-color graphical plotter.[3]

He served as Chairman of the Computer Science Department (which he founded) at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, from 1969 to 1977. He also served as Chairman of the Computer Science Board of the National Research Council and was the former Chairman of the National Science Foundation Advisory Committee for Information, Robotics and Intelligent Systems. From 1986 to 1989, he was the Director of DARPA's Information Science and Technology Office (DARPA/ISTO) in Arlington, Virginia.

Personal life

Jacob T Schwartz had two daughters; Abby Schwartz, living in New York City, and Rachel Fainman (Stage name Rachel Kane), living in Winnipeg, Canada. Jack also had two grandchildren: Adrienne Fainman and Adam Fainman.


  • Nelson Dunford, Jacob T. Schwartz Linear Operators, Part I General Theory ISBN 0-471-60848-3,[4] Part II Spectral Theory, Self Adjoint Operators in Hilbert Space ISBN 0-471-60847-5,[5] Part III Spectral Operators ISBN 0-471-60846-7
  • J. Schwartz (1956). "Riemann's method in the theory of special functions". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 62 (6): 531–540. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1956-10065-7. MR 0081360. 
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, Introduction to Matrices and Vectors, McGraw-Hill (1961)
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, Lectures on the Mathematical Method in Analytical Economics, Gordon and Breach (1961)
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, Relativity In Illustrations, New York University Press (1962)
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, Theory of money (Mathematics and its applications), Gordon and Breach (1965)
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, W-* algebras (Notes on mathematics and its applications), Gordon and Breach (1967), ISBN 978-0-17-178707-8
  • Jacob T. Schwartz (ed.), Mathematical Aspects of Computer Science, American Mathematical Society (1967)
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, Nonlinear Functional Analysis, Gordon and Breach (1968)
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, Differential Geometry and Topology, Gordon and Breach (1969)
  • Schwartz, J.T.; Cocke, John, PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES AND THEIR COMPILERS : Preliminary Notes, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, Second Revised Version, April 1970
  • J. T. Schwartz (1974). "Semantic and syntactic issues in programming". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 80 (2): 185–206. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1974-13431-2. MR 0339536. 
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, Robert B. K. Dewar, Programming With Sets: An Introduction to Setl, Springer (November 1986), ISBN 978-0-387-96399-0
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, The Limits of Artificial Intelligence, found in the Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, 2 vols., John Wiley and Songs, 1987
  • Jacob T. Schwartz, Mark Kac, and Gian-Carlo Rota, Discrete Thoughts: Essays on Mathematics, Science, and Philosophy, Birkhäuser Boston; 2nd edition (January 11, 2008), ISBN 978-0-8176-4774-2

Awards and honors


  1. ^ a b Markoff, John (3 March 2009). "Jacob T. Schwartz, 79, Restless Scientist, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  2. ^ Anastasio, Sal, "In Memory of Jacob Schwartz", Notices of the American Mathematical Society, v.62, n.5, May 2015
  3. ^ TIMELINE - PREHISTORY - 1990s
  4. ^ Halmos, Paul R. (1959). "Review: Linear operators. Part I: General theory. By Nelson Dunford and Jacob T. Schwartz" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 65 (3): 154–156. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1959-10309-8. 
  5. ^ Rota, Gian-Carlo (1965). "Review: Linear operators. Part II. Spectral theory. By Nelson Dunford and Jacob T. Schwartz" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 71 (5): 705–708. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1965-11348-9. 

External links

  • A Symposium to Honor the Scientific Career of Jacob T. Schwartz (2004).
  • Parallel Computing Pioneers.
  • Jacob T. Schwartz at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  • Jacob Schwartz
  • NAE page
  • Jacob T. Schwartz's personal web site
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