Jacob Mossel

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Jacob Mossel
Jacob Mossel 1704-1761.jpg
Governor-General
of the Dutch East Indies
In office
1 November 1750 – 15 May 1761
Preceded by Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff
Succeeded by Petrus Albertus van der Parra
Personal details
Born (1704-11-28)28 November 1704
Enkhuizen, Dutch Republic
Died 15 May 1761(1761-05-15) (aged 56)
Batavia, Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia)

Jacob Mossel (28 November 1704 – 15 May 1761) went from being a common sailor to become Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1750 to 1761.

He was of noble birth, born in Enkhuizen. When he was 15 he left as an able-bodied seaman aboard a Fluyt (a type of Dutch sailing cargo vessel) called de Haringthuyn, bound for the Indies. As his family had a coat of arms, he was able to obtain a privileged position, through Dirk van Cloon, and was sent to the Dutch Coromandel (1721). On 30 March 1730, he married Adriana Appels, the fourteen-year-old stepdaughter of Adriaan van Pla, Governor of Dutch Coromandel. Jacob Mossel worked himself up finally to Governor and Director of Dutch Coromandel. In 1740 he got the title of Counsellor-extraordinary of the Indies and in 1742 he became a member of the Dutch Council of the Indies (Raad van Indië) in Batavia/Jakarta.

In 1745, he became the first Director of the Amfioensociëteit, which tried to regulate its monopoly of the trade in opium. In 1747, he was named as the Director-General (the second highest post in the Dutch East Indies). When in 1750, Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff died, Mossel succeeded him as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. He remained in post until his own death in 1761.[citation needed]

Jacob Mossel ruled the Indies during a period in which things got steadily worse for the Dutch East India Company. He made may economies and he ended the war in Bantam Province, recognising that his predecessor had handled things badly. The Dutch were threatened by the expansion of the British East India Company. In the battle for Bengal, Mossel lost to the British. Mossel was a supporter of the policy to allow private entrepreneurs to trade for themselves in the territory of the Indies. This concerned small scale trading in which the Company could make no profit. Following that, Batavia/Jakarta underwent a period of growth, which, because of his successors tax regulations, came to nothing. The Company was plagued by corruption and self-interest among its office holders. Jacob Mossel was also involved in this. His great fortune could not in any case have been put together from his official salary. The initiatives he took against corruption were not very effective.

To curb exaggerated displays of wealth, in 1754 he brought in a so-called "Regulation against pomp and splendour", which tried to lay down exactly what wealth an officer could display. These details went from the number of buttonholes they could have to the size of their houses. Of course, the regulations did not apply to himself, and there was great feasting at his daughter's wedding. After his death at Batavia/Jakarta, from a wasting disease, he was given a magnificent funeral.[citation needed]

Sources

  • Comprehensive Dutch website on the history of the Dutch Eat Indies [1]
  • Inventaris van de collectie Jacob Mossel, 1699-1801. (1971) Nationaal Archief (NA), Den Haag. Stukken betreffende Jacob Mossel en andere leden van dit geslacht en de Amfioen sociëteit, nummer toegang 1.11.06.03. URL bezocht op 10 juni 2006.
  • Siemen Duys: Jacob Mossel Enkhuizen.bruist.nu. URL bezocht op 10 juni 2006
  • Emmer, P.C. e.a. (1986) "Colonialism and Migration: Indentured Labour Before and After Slavery", in: Ross, R.J. e.a. Colonial Cities. Essays on Urbanism in a Colonial Context. Series: Comparative Studies in Overseas History , Vol. 5., Springer, pp. 81–83.
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