Jackson County, Kentucky

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Jackson County, Kentucky
Jackson County, Kentucky courthouse.jpg
Jackson County courthouse in McKee
Map of Kentucky highlighting Jackson County
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1858
Named for Andrew Jackson
Seat McKee
Largest community Annville
Area
 • Total 347 sq mi (899 km2)
 • Land 345 sq mi (894 km2)
 • Water 1.3 sq mi (3 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 13,494
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km2)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.jacksoncountyky.org

Jackson County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,494.[1] Its county seat is McKee.[2] The county was formed in 1858 from land given by Madison, Estill, Owsley, Clay, Laurel, and Rockcastle counties.[3] It was named for Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States.[4][5] It is a prohibition or dry county.

Jackson County is home to the Daniel Boone National Forest.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 347 square miles (900 km2), of which 345 square miles (890 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.4%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,087
1870 4,547 47.3%
1880 6,678 46.9%
1890 8,261 23.7%
1900 10,561 27.8%
1910 10,734 1.6%
1920 11,687 8.9%
1930 10,467 −10.4%
1940 16,339 56.1%
1950 13,101 −19.8%
1960 10,677 −18.5%
1970 10,005 −6.3%
1980 11,996 19.9%
1990 11,955 −0.3%
2000 13,495 12.9%
2010 13,494 0.0%
Est. 2016 13,368 [7] −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 13,495 people, 5,307 households, and 3,953 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 per square mile (15/km2). There were 6,065 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (6.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.17% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.01% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,307 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.50% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $20,177, and the median income for a family was $23,638. Males had a median income of $25,087 versus $16,065 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,711. About 25.80% of families and 30.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.50% of those under age 18 and 24.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

Politics

In Presidential elections Jackson County has been overwhelmingly Republican ever since the Civil War, when it, relative to population, provided more soldiers for the Union Army than any free state,[15] and saw a proportion only exceeded by the nearly equally Republican Owsley County, Clinton County and Clay County, plus Estill County.[16]

No Democratic Presidential candidate has carried Jackson County since it was created – indeed no Democrat has ever received thirty percent of the county’s vote and only Lyndon Johnson in his national landslide of 1964, and Bill Clinton in 1996, have received so much as twenty percent. The only times Jackson County has not voted for the Republican Party were in its first election of 1860 when the Republican Party was not yet seriously contesting slave states and the county went to Constitutional Unionist John Bell, and in 1912 when the Republican Party was split and Theodore Roosevelt carried the county with 52.37 percent of the vote (885 votes) over William Howard Taft with 577 votes or 34.14 percent. Since 1916 every Republican Presidential candidate has received at least seventy percent of Jackson County’s vote except for Bob Dole in 1996, who fell a mere 0.02 percent short of that figure.

In 1936 Alf Landon, who lost 46 of 48 states, received over eighty-nine percent of Jackson County’s vote.[17] The county also gave the Republican candidate the highest percentage in the 1928, 1948,[18] 1960,[19] 1976,[20] 1988[21] and 1992 Presidential elections.[22] In this last election Jackson County, along with Sioux County, Iowa, were the only two counties in the U.S to vote for George H. W. Bush by over seventy percent in his re-election campaign.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 88.9% 4,889 8.8% 482 2.4% 130
2012 86.3% 4,365 12.1% 612 1.7% 84
2008 84.4% 4,407 14.2% 743 1.4% 74
2004 84.4% 4,369 14.9% 769 0.8% 40
2000 84.0% 4,079 14.4% 701 1.5% 75
1996 70.0% 3,045 22.1% 960 8.0% 346
1992 75.0% 3,398 17.1% 776 7.9% 359
1988 85.2% 3,926 14.7% 678 0.1% 6
1984 87.4% 3,856 12.3% 542 0.3% 15
1980 82.0% 3,379 17.0% 702 1.0% 42
1976 79.8% 2,766 19.6% 680 0.6% 20
1972 92.2% 5,303 7.6% 436 0.2% 14
1968 84.1% 3,098 8.3% 304 7.7% 282
1964 73.8% 2,654 25.6% 920 0.6% 23
1960 90.4% 3,923 9.7% 419
1956 88.4% 3,950 11.2% 501 0.5% 20
1952 86.8% 3,104 13.2% 471 0.1% 3
1948 86.0% 2,781 13.3% 429 0.7% 24
1944 91.6% 3,578 8.4% 328 0.1% 2
1940 88.6% 3,722 11.1% 465 0.3% 13
1936 89.1% 3,440 10.9% 420 0.1% 3
1932 84.3% 2,879 15.5% 529 0.2% 8
1928 96.5% 3,552 3.3% 123 0.1% 5
1924 88.0% 2,629 9.5% 284 2.5% 76
1920 92.2% 3,174 7.6% 260 0.3% 10
1916 87.9% 1,968 11.3% 252 0.9% 19
1912 34.1% 577 12.8% 216 53.1% 897

Jackson County is part of Kentucky's 5th congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+31 and is represented by Republican Hal Rogers. In the Kentucky House of Representatives it is in the 89th District and has been represented by Republican Robert Goforth since 2018. In the Kentucky Senate it is in the 21st District and was represented by Republican Tom Jensen until he retired in 2012. In the 2012 election, Albert Robinson was elected to represent the 21st District. Robinson is a London, KY businessman.[24]

Education

Elementary Schools: McKee Elementary, Sand Gap Elementary, and Tyner Elementary (Grades Preschool through 5) Tyner Elementary is the most populated elementary school in the county.

Middle Schools: Jackson County Middle School (Grades 6 through 8)

High Schools: Jackson County High School (Grades 9 through 12)

Private Institutions: Annville Christian Academy (up to grade 8), Outreach Christian Academy (up to grade 12)

Famous residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 151. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  4. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 167. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Populated Place: Datha, Jackson County, Kentucky
  14. ^ [1] Hisel School and The Dutch Reformed Church at Hisel, accessed March 2017
  15. ^ Marshall, Anne E.; Creating a Confederate Kentucky: The Lost Cause and Civil War Memory in a Border State, pp. 114-115 ISBN 1469609835
  16. ^ Copeland, James E.; ‘Where Were the Kentucky Unionists and Secessionists’; The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, volume 71, no. 4 (October, 1973), pp. 344-363
  17. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1936 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  18. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1948 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  19. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1960 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  20. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1976 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  21. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1988 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  22. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas – 1992 statistics". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-03. 
  24. ^ "Kentucky Legislators by county at the Kentucky government site". Lrc.ky.gov. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 

External links

  • Official Website of Jackson County, Kentucky

Coordinates: 37°25′N 84°01′W / 37.42°N 84.01°W / 37.42; -84.01

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