Jacal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Southern Arizona's San Xavier del Bac in 1913. Tohono O'odham jacals can be seen in front of the mission, many of which are still used today.

The jacal (həˈkɑːl; Mexican Spanish from Nahuatl xacalli contraction of xamitl calli; literally "hut") is an adobe-style housing structure historically found throughout parts of the southwestern United States and Mexico.[1] This type of structure was employed by some Native people of the Americas prior to European colonization and was later employed by both Hispanic and Anglo settlers in Texas and elsewhere.[2]

Typically, a jacal consisted of slim close-set poles tied together and filled out with mud, clay and grasses. More sophisticated structures, such as those constructed by the Anasazi, incorporated adobe bricks—sun-baked mud and sandstone.

Jacal construction is similar to wattle and daub. However, the "wattle" portion of jacal structures consists mainly of vertical poles lashed together with cordage and sometimes supported by a pole framework, as in the pit-houses of the Basketmaker III period of the Ancestral Puebloan (a.k.a. Anasazi) Indians of the American Southwest. This is overlain with a layer of mud/adobe (the "daub"), sometimes applied over a middle layer of dry grasses or brush which functions as insulation.

See also

External links

  • Texas-Mexican Vernacular Architecture from the Handbook of Texas Online
  • Sketch of a Jacal from A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.

References

  1. ^ "Texas-Mexican Vernacular Architecture". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 17 Jun 2017. 
  2. ^ "DeWitt Colony Life". Sons of DeWitt Colony Texas. Retrieved 17 Jun 2017. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jacal&oldid=786178714"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacal
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Jacal"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA