Jabir ibn Abd Allah

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Jabir ibn Abdullah
جابر بن عبدالله
Title: al-Ansari الأنصاري
Birthplace Medina, Hejaz
Ethnicity Arab people
Known For Being a loyal companion of Prophet Muhammad, Imam Ali, and the Ahl al-Bayt
Influences Allah, Prophet Muhammad, Imam Ali, and the Ahl al-Bayt
Died 78 AH (697)
Burial Place Mada'in, Iraq
Parents

Father: Abdullah ibn Amr

Mother: Nasiba bint Uqba
Religion Islam
Political Party

Jabir ibn ʿAbdullah ibn ʾAmr ibn Haram al-Ansari (Arabic: جابر بن عبدالله بن عمرو بن حرام الأنصاري‎, died 697 CE/78 AH) was a prominent companion of Muhammad.

Life

Early life

Jabir ibn ʿAbdullah al-Ansari was born in Yathrib (now known as Medina) 15 years before the Hijra. He belonged to a poor family of Yathrib. He was from the tribe of Khazraj. His mother was Nasiba bint Uqba ibn Uddi. His father was married to his paternal cousin.

Muhammad's era

Jabir ibn Abdullah Ansari is said to have accepted Islam when he was about 7.

His participation in the Battle of Badr is questioned by some historians; he is known to have fought in 19 battles (including Badr) under command of Muhammad, and was a trusted Sahaba. He was present during the conquest of Mecca.

Battle of Uhud

In the Battle of Uhud, Jabir ibn Abdullah was not allowed by his father Abdullah to take part in Jihad. Jabir had seven sisters (some historians say nine) and Abdullah wanted him to take care of his family. So instead of fighting, Jabir served the thirsty soldiers. Jabir's father, Abdullah bin Amru bin Haram al-Ansari was killed in the Battle of Uhud [1] along with his brother-in-law, Amro bin Jamooh, both having reached nearly 100 years of age.

Ali ibn Abu Talib era

He fought in all the three major civil wars under Imam Ali: Battle of Jamal, Battle of Sifeen and Battle of Nahrawan.

Ali ibn Husayn's (ibn Ali) era (Shia doctrine)

Jabir had a long life and became blind in his old age. According to the Shias, he devoutly waited for the time when he would meet the fifth Imam. Each morning he would come out from his house, sit by the roadside and wait for the sound of the footsteps to recognize the fifth Imam. One such day while he was waiting in the street of Medina, he heard someone walking towards him, the sound of footsteps reminded him of the way Muhammad used to walk. Jabir stood up, stopped the man and asked his name. He replied, “Muhammad”, Jabir asked, “whose son”? He replied “Ali ibn Hussain”. Jabir immediately recognized the man he was talking to was the 5th Imam. He kissed his hands and conveyed the message of Muhammad.

Abd al-Malik's era and Jabir’s death

It was during this era that he retold the Hadith of Umar's speech of forbidding Mut'ah. Jabir had a very long life. He was poisoned by Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf in the age of 94 years because of his loyalty to Ahl al-Bayt and was buried in Madain near Baghdad at the bank of river Tigris. He died in 78 AH (697).[citation needed]he was initially buried near river Tigris along with Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman another companion of prophet Muhammad. In 1932, the graves of Jabir and Hudhayfah were exhumed and their bodies reburied in Madyan beside the grave of Salman al-Farsi, another companion of Prophet Muhammad. The cause of exhumation was the water logging of graves. After 1300 years or so later their bodies were still in the same condition as they were buried.

Legacy

Purported grave of Jabir ibn Abdullah Al-Ansari

He narrated about 1,547 Hadiths (some historians say). After the death of Muhammad he used to deliver lectures in Masjid Nabwi, Medina, Egypt, and Damascus. Such leading Tabi'en scholars as Amr ibn Dinar, Mujahid, and Ata' ibn Abi Rabah attended his lectures. People gathered around him in Damascus and Egypt to learn about Muhammad and his Hadiths.

List of narrated hadith

See also


References

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