From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Julang-1 (JL-1), NATO : CSS-N-3
JL-1 and JL-2.PNG
JL-1 and JL-2.
Service history
Used by China
Production history
Designer Huang Weilu
Designed 1970s
Manufacturer Factory 307 (Nanjing Dawn Group)
Produced 1980s
Weight 14,700 kilograms (32,400 lb)
Length 10.7 metres (35 ft)
Width 1.4 metres (4.6 ft)
Warhead nuclear
Blast yield 250-500Kt

Propellant Solid fuel
1,770 km (JL-1), 2,500 km (JL-1A)
Xia class submarine

The Julang-1 (Chinese: 巨浪-1; pinyin: Jù Làng Yī; literally: "Huge Wave-1"), also known as the JL-1 and in US nomenclature as the CSS-N-3, is China's first generation submarine-launched nuclear ballistic missile. According to a 2011 US Department of Defense, the operational status of the JL-1 was "questionable".[1]


Research and development began in 1967 and detailed design in the early 1970s, with a first land launch 30 April 1982 and a sea launch from a Project 629A (Golf) class submarine on 12 October 1982. The general designer of the missile is Huang Weilu (Chinese: 黄纬禄) 1916-2011;[2] academician Chen Deren (Chinese: 陈德仁, 1922 - December 21, 2007) served as deputy chief designer. The missile was assembled at Factory 307 (Nanjing Dawn Group Limited Liability Company [南京晨光集团有限责任公司]).

The JL-1 was deployed on Xia class submarine in 1986. The Type 092 Xia class nuclear submarines have 12 launch tubes.

The JL-1 was initially tested and deployed on the PLAN's modified Golf class SSB. The Golf has since been modified again for further testing of other missiles, such as the JL-2, which has test-launched multiple times with varying levels of success.

The DF-21 appears to be a land-based version of the JL-1.

See also


  1. ^ Taylor, Marcus; Tamerlani, Eric; Farnsworth, Timothy (June 2013). "Pentagon Sees China Progressing on SLBM". Arms Control Today. Arms Control Association. 43 (5): 31–32. JSTOR 23629520. (Subscription required (help)).
  2. ^ military.cntv.cn
  • Norris, Robert, Burrows, Andrew, Fieldhouse, Richard "Nuclear Weapons Databook, Volume V, British, French and Chinese Nuclear Weapons, San Francisco, Westview Press, 1994, ISBN 0-8133-1612-X
  • Lewis, John Wilson and Xue Litai, "China's Strategic Seapower: The Politics of Force Modernization in the Nuclear Age," Stanford, 1994.

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=JL-1&oldid=853889564"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JL-1
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "JL-1"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA