Jalaludin Abdur Rahim

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Jalaludin Abdur Rahim
Pakistan Ambassador to France
In office
1974–1976
President Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Minister of Defence Production
In office
1972–1974
President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Vice President Nurul Amin
Preceded by Ministry established
Minister of Law, Justice, Town planning and agrovilles.
In office
1971–1972
President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Vice President Nurul Amin
Vice PM Nurul Amin
Foreign Secretary of Pakistan
In office
4 June 1953 – 11 January 1955
Governor General Malik Ghulam Muhammad
Prime Minister Khawaja Nazimuddin
Preceded by Sikandar Ali Baig
Succeeded by Akhtar Hussain
Personal details
Born Jalaludin Abdur Rahim
c1905
Chittagong, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in Bangladesh)
Died 1977
Karachi, Sindh Province, Pakistan
Citizenship  Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Peoples Party
Other political
affiliations
Pakistan Communist Party
Spouse(s) Esther Rahim
Relations Justice Abdur Rahim (father)
Alma mater Dhaka University
Calcutta University
Occupation Communist
social worker
Profession civil servant
Cabinet Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Government

Jalaludin Abdur Rahim (Urdu: جلال الدين عبدالرحيم; Bengali: জালালুদ্দিন আবদুর রহিম; also known as J. A. Rahim) (c1905–1977) was a Bengali communist and Political philosopher who was renowned as one of the founding members of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)— a democratic socialist political party.[1] Rahim was also the first Secretary-General of the Pakistan People's Party, served as the first minister of production. A Bengali civil servant, Rahim was a philosopher who politically guided Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, serving as his mentor, and had helped Bhutto navigate through the minefield of bureaucratic establishment when Ayub Khan had taken Bhutto into his cabinet.[2] Rahim also guided Bhutto after Bhutto was deposed as Foreign Minister, critically guiding Bhutto to take down the once US-sponsored dictatorship of Ayub Khan.[2]

Family and education

Educated at the University of Dhaka where Rahim received double BSc in Political Science and Philosophy after writing and publishing the brief thesis on Nietzsche Philosophy.[3] Later, Rahim attended Calcutta University, receiving a LLB degree in Law and Justice. Rahim began his political activism in Pakistan Movement,[3] serving as its activist in East Bengal.[3] His father, Justice Abdur Rahim also had served as a senior associate judge at the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[3]

Career

After his education, Rahim joined the Pakistan Civil Services, picking up the first bureaucratic assignment in Foreign Service of Pakistan.[3] Rahim served as the Foreign Secretary under the government of Prime minister Muhammad Ali Bogra.[3]

For some time, he remained associated with Communist party, but also built personal relations with Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1965.[3] After attending the socialist convention at the residence of Dr. Mubashir Hassan, J. A. Rahim played a key role in writing the party's socialist manifesto: "Islam is our religion; democracy is our politics; socialism is our economy; power lies with the people", on 30 November 1967. This manifesto was officially first issued on 9 December 1967. J.A. Rahim was made Pakistan Peoples Party's first secretary general after writing the party's constitution.[2][4]

Rahim earned public notability after his name was announced as a Bengali member of delegation of Pakistan Peoples Party to launch a negotiation with Awami League party under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.[5] In 1970, Rahim along with Ghulam Mustafa Khar, returned to West Pakistan, telling Bhutto that the "meeting with Mujib was of no use".[5] After the 1971 war, Rahim stayed in what remained of Pakistan, governing the Law ministry, Justice minister, and the Township planning and agrovilles. In 1972, Rahim was appointed as the first Minister of Defence Production which he governed until 1974.

Disillusionment with Bhutto

His relations with Bhutto deteriorated after Pakistan People's Party began purging the radical and ultra-left wings of the party and J. A. Rahim was also sidelined by Bhutto later.[6]

In July 1974, Rahim himself got disillusioned with Bhutto after seeing Bhutto's handling of internal affairs and publicly disagreed with Bhutto as he wanted Bhutto to deal with the matters efficiently, not by force.[6]

He was appointed Pakistan Ambassador to France by Bhutto just to get him out of the way and away from Pakistani politics. But he returned to Pakistan unscheduled.[2] Rahim was then tortured by the members of the secret police, the Federal Security Force (FSF), and was thrown into jail in 1976.[1][7] Shortly afterwards, he was released. Later after Bhutto had formally issued an apology to him, he again left for France to complete his tenure as ambassador.[1] Some people say that Bhutto, in 1979 during his final days in Zia-ul-Haq's death cell, regretted most was his fall-out with his former mentor, J. A. Rahim.[1]

Death

In 1977, Rahim suffered a heart attack and died. He is now buried in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Smokers' Corner: Bhutto's ideologue: friend, mentor, enemy Dawn (newspaper), Updated 30 August 2015, Retrieved 29 December 2017
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Khan, Commander-in-Chief and Chief of Air Staff of PAF, Air Marshal Asghar (2005). We've learnt nothing from history: Pakistan: politics and military power. Oxford, England, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2005. p. 305. ISBN 978-0-19-597883-4. 
  3. ^ The rise and decline of PPP Daily Times (newspaper), Published 23 May 2016, Retrieved 29 December 2017
  4. ^ a b Shaikh Aziz (19 February 2012). "A leaf from history: Operation Searchlight". Dawn Newspapers, 19 February 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Talbot, Ian (1998). Pakistan: A modern history. United States: St. Martin's Press. p. 247. ISBN 0-312-21606-8. 
  6. ^ Zaidi, Abbas. "Whose Pakistan People's Party?". Abbas Zaidi. The Nation. Retrieved 29 December 2017. 
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