Izumo (train)

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Izumo
BLUE TRAIN IZUMO.jpg
An Izumo service at Tokyo Station, December 1997
Overview
Service type Limited express
Status Discontinued
Locale Japan
First service 29 June 1947 (Semi express)
19 November 1956 (Express)
15 March 1972 (Limited express)
Last service 18 March 2006
Successor Sunrise Izumo
Current operator(s) JR West
Former operator(s) JNR
Route
Start Tokyo
End Hamada
Distance travelled 1,042 km (647 mi)
Average journey time 15 hours 11 minutes (1998)
Service frequency 2 return workings daily
Technical
Rolling stock 14 series, 24/25 series sleeping cars
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC

The Izumo (出雲) was a limited express overnight sleeping car train service in Japan operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) and later by West Japan Railway Company (JR West), which ran from Tokyo to Izumoshi and Hamada in Shimane Prefecture until March 2006.[1][2]

Rolling stock

In its latter years, the Izumo service was operated using JR East 24/25 series sleeping cars based at Oku Depot in Tokyo.[3] Services were however operated by JR West staff.[3]

History

The Izumo service (written in hiragana as いずも) commenced on 29 June 1947, as a "semi-express" service operating between Osaka and Taisha Station (ja) (now closed).[4] From 19 November 1956, this was upgraded to become an "express" service (written in kanji as 出雲) operating between Tokyo and Hamada.[4] From 15 March 1972, the train was upgraded to become a "limited express" service.[4]

From 10 July 1998, one pair of Izumo services was replaced by new 285 series electric multiple unit trains running as the Sunrise Izumo together with the Sunrise Seto via Okayama.[5] The remaining pair of services followed the original route, travelling over the Sanin Main Line west of Kyoto, via Fukuchiyama.[5]

The last remaining Izumo services were withdrawn from the start of the revised timetable on 18 March 2006.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Teramoto, Mitsuteru (July 2001). 国鉄・JR列車名大辞典 [JNR & JR Train Name Encyclopedia]. Tokyo, Japan: Chuoshoin Publishing Co., Ltd. pp. 96–98. ISBN 4-88732-093-0. 
  2. ^ 最新特急大カタログ [Modern Limited Express Catalogue]. Japan: JTB. November 1992. p. 111. 
  3. ^ a b c "JR車両ファイル2006" [JR Rolling Stock File 2006]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 46 no. 543. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. July 2006. p. 30. 
  4. ^ a b c 列車名鑑1995 [Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995. p. 123. 
  5. ^ a b こだわりの新幹線&特急列車ガイド [In-depth Shinkansen & Limited Express Guide]. Japan: Ikaros Publishing. August 2000. p. 195. ISBN 4-87149-284-2. 
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