Italian Football Federation

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Italian Football Federation
UEFA
FIGC Logo 2017.svg
Founded 15 March 1898; 120 years ago (1898-03-15)
Headquarters Rome
FIFA affiliation 1905
UEFA affiliation 1954
President Roberto Fabbricini (commissioner)
Website www.figc.it

The Italian Football Federation (Italian: Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio; FIGC), also known as Federcalcio, is the governing body of football in Italy and is a founding member of UEFA and a member of FIFA. It organises the Italian football league, Coppa Italia, Italian national football team, and the Italian women's national football team. The headquarters is in Rome and technical department in Coverciano, Florence.[1]

History

The Federation was founded in 1898 when the sport was picking up in the country and it needed a formal structure to take football and the local team to the next level. The first presidency was decided in the Piedmontese capital of Turin, where Mario Vicary was elected along with Luigi D'Ovidio.

When created, this football federation was given a different name: Federazione Italiana Football (FIF) because all play terms and rules were the same as the official FA rules.

In the few years before and after the introduction of the Federation, clubs all over the country from Genoa, Turin, Milan, Naples, Rome, Palermo, and others were forming.

When, in 1909, it was suggested to change the Federation's name at an annual board elections held in Milan, the few teams attending, representing less than 50% the active clubs, decided to send a postcard asking all teams to vote for the five new names discussed during the meeting. The new name approved was "Federazione Italiana Giuoco del Calcio" and since then this has been the name of the Italian Football Federation. The debut of the Men's National Team was on 15 May 1910, at Arena Civica, wearing a white jersey where Italy defeated France 6–2. The following year, the blue jersey was introduced on the occasion of the match against Hungary, as a tribute to the colour of the House of Savoy.[2]

This Italian Federation was an amateur federation respecting FIFA rules when it became a member in 1905. At the end of World War I, the federation had seen impressive development and several footballers were judged to be professional players and banned according to FIFA agreements.
From 1922 to 1926, new and more severe rules were approved for keeping the "amateur" status real and effective, such as footballers' residence and transfer controls but the best players were secretly paid and moved from other provinces illegally. Foreigners had to live in the country in order to get a residence visa and the players' card. When, in 1926, the Italian Federation Board resigned following a very difficult referees' strike, the fascist Lando Ferretti, president of the Italian Olympic Committee (C.O.N.I.), nominated a Commission to reform all Leagues and federal rules. The Commission signed a document called the "Carta di Viareggio" (Rules issued in Viareggio) where football players were recognized as "non-amateurs" and able to apply for refunds for the money they had lost while playing for the football teams. They had to sign the declaration not being professional players so that FIFA rules were respected because for FIGC they were appearing as "amateurs" receiving just refunds. It was the beginning of the professionalism in Italy. The Carta di Viareggio reduced the number of foreign players to be fielded to just one per match so that the majority of Hungarians remained jobless and got back to their country.

Commissioner Bruno Zauli led the FIGC renovation process (1959), with the establishment of three Leagues (Professional, Semi-professional, Amateur) and the creation of the Technical and the Youth Sectors.

Between 1964 and 1980, foreign players were banned from the Italian league, primarily to revive the national team.

In December 1998, the FIGC celebrated its centenary at the Stadio Olimpico in a match featuring Italy vs World XI, with Italy winning 6–2.[3]

The FIGC was placed in administration in May 2006 as a result of the 2006 Italian football scandal and was put under the management of Guido Rossi.
In May 2006, Rossi was chosen and accepted the role of President of Telecom Italia. This appointment caused angry reactions from club presidents in Italy.
On 19 September, Rossi resigned as Commissioner of FIGC.[4][5] On 21 September, Luca Pancalli, head of the Italian Paralympic Committee, was chosen to replace Rossi.[6]
On 2 April 2007, a new President was elected, with former Vice-President Giancarlo Abete being voted by 264 grand electors out of 271.[citation needed]

Following the 2014 FIFA World Cup Abete resigned and Carlo Tavecchio was elected President of the Federation and Michele Uva as general manager. The new governance began many reforms on the main aspects of Italian football, particularly through the use of young players trained in Italy, on the economic sustainability - financial professional clubs; start the reorganization of the operating structure of the FIGC. In support of the activity and with a view of maximum transparency, the FIGC public a series of documents: Football Report, Integrated Budget (evolution of the Social Report), Management Report, Income Statement of Italian football.[7] On 20 November 2017, Tavecchio resigned as Italian Football Federation president, seven days after Italy failed to qualify for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, the first time since 1958.[8][9]

List of presidents

[10]

No. Name Tenure
1 Luigi D'Ovidio
Mario Vicarj
1898–1905
2 Giovanni Silvestri 1905–1907
3 Emilio Balbiano di Belgioioso 1907–1909
4 Luigi Bosisio 1909–1910
5 Felice Radice 1910–1911
6 Emilio Valvassori 1911
7 Alfonso Ferrero de Gubernatis Ventimiglia 1911–1912
8 Vittorio Rignon 1912–1913
9 Luigi De Rossi 1913–1914
10 Carlo Montù 1914–1915
11 Francesco Mauro 1915–1919
12 Carlo Montù 1919–1920
13 Francesco Mauro 1920–1921
14 Luigi Bozino 1921–1923
15 Giovanni Mauro 1923–1924
16 Luigi Bozino 1924–1926
17 Leandro Arpinati 1926–1933
18 Giorgio Vaccaro 1933–1942
19 Luigi Ridolfi Vay da Verrazzano 1942–1943
20 Giovanni Mauro 1943
21 Ettore Rossi 1943–1944
22 Ferdinando Pozzani 1944
23 Ottorino Barassi 1944–1946
24 Ottorino Barassi 1946–1958
25 Bruno Zauli 1958–1959
26 Umberto Agnelli 1959–1961
27 Giuseppe Pasquale 1961–1967
28 Artemio Franchi 1967–1976
29 Franco Carraro 1976–1978
30 Artemio Franchi 1978–1980
31 Federico Sordillo 1980–1986
32 Franco Carraro 1986–1987
33 Antonio Matarrese 1987–1996
34 Raffaele Pagnozzi 1996–1997
35 Luciano Nizzola 1997–2000
36 Gianni Petrucci 2000–2001
37 Franco Carraro 2001–2006
38 Guido Rossi 2006
39 Luca Pancalli 2006–2007
40 Giancarlo Abete 2007–2014
41 Carlo Tavecchio 2014–2018
42 Roberto Fabbricini 2018–

Honours

References

  1. ^ "Settore Tecnico". FIGC. 
  2. ^ http://www.figc.it/en/3149/2077/HpSezioneConMenuSX.shtml
  3. ^ "History FIGC". figc.it/en. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Rossi set to leave FIGC". channel4.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2004. Retrieved 18 September 2006. 
  5. ^ "Rossi resignation accepted". channel4.com. Archived from the original on 23 November 2001. Retrieved 19 September 2006. 
  6. ^ "Pancalli lands FIGC post". channel4.com. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2006. 
  7. ^ "Transparency FIGC". figc.it/en. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "Figc, Tavecchio si è dimesso" (in Italian). repubblica.it. 20 November 2017. 
  9. ^ "Tavecchio confirms FIGC exit". Football Italia. 20 November 2017. 
  10. ^ "Presidents' List". FIGC.it. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 

External links

  • The FIGC official site (in Italian) (in English)
  • Italy at FIFA site
  • Italy at UEFA site
  • Italian calcio glossary
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