Islamic Renaissance Movement

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Islamic Renaissance Movement
French: Mouvement de la Renaissance Islamique
Arabic: حركة النهضة الاسلامية
Founded 1990; 27 years ago (1990)
Headquarters Algiers, Algeria
Ideology Islamism
Islamic Democracy
Political position Right-wing
National affiliation Green Algeria Alliance

The Islamic Renaissance Movement (Arabic: حركة النهضة الاسلامية‎, Ḥarakat An-Nahḑa Al-Islāmiyya; French: Mouvement de la Renaissance Islamique, MRI) is a moderate Islamist political party of Algeria.

History

The party was established in autumn 1990 when the Constantine-based association Jamiyat al-Nahda was transformed into a political party. Jamiyat al-Nahda had been established in 1988 by Abdallah Djaballah, and he decided to form the MRI after the Islamic Salvation Front rejected calls for an Islamic alliance.[1] Its foundation was also a response to the FIS claim to hold a monopoly on Islamist politics.[1]

In the 1991 parliamentary elections the party received 2.2% of the vote, failing to win a seat. The 1997 elections saw its vote share increase to 8.7%, resulting in it winning 34 of the 231 seats. However, it received just 0.6% of the vote in the 2002 elections, reducing it to a single seat. It recovered in the 2007 elections, receiving 3.4% of the vote and winning five of the 389 seats.

The party contested the 2012 elections as part of the Islamist Green Algeria Alliance. The alliance received 6.2% of the vote, winning 49 seats, down from the combined 60 won in 2007.

References

  1. ^ a b Frank Tachau (1994) Political parties of the Middle East and North Africa, Greenwood Press, pp44–45
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