Isaiah 11

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Isaiah 11
Great Isaiah Scroll.jpg
The Great Isaiah Scroll, the best preserved of the biblical scrolls found at Qumran from the second century BC, contains all the verses in this chapter.
Book Book of Isaiah
Hebrew Bible part Nevi'im
Order in the Hebrew part 5
Category Latter Prophets
Christian Bible part Old Testament
Order in the Christian part 23

Isaiah 11 is the eleventh chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.[1] This book contains prophesies attributed to the prophet Isaiah.

Text

The original text is written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 16 verses.

Textual versions

Some early witnesses for the text of this chapter in Hebrew language:

  • Masoretic Text (10th century)
  • Dead Sea Scrolls:[2]
    • 1QIsaa: complete
    • 4QIsaa (4Q55): extant: verses 12-15
    • 4QIsab (4Q56): extant: verses 7-9
    • 4QIsac (4Q57): extant: verses 4-11
    • 4QIsal (4Q65): extant: verses 14-15

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[3]

Parashot

The parashah sections listed here are based on the Aleppo Codex.[4] Isaiah 11 is a part of the Prophecies about Judah and Israel (Isaiah 1–12). {P}: open parashah; {S}: closed parashah.

{S} 11:1-9 {S} 11:10 {P} 11:11-16 [12:1-6 {S}]

Verse 1

There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse,
And a Branch shall grow out of his roots.[5]

Cross reference: Isaiah 11:10

  • "Rod" (חטר choṭı̂r; also in Proverbs 14:3: or "branch" (צמח tsemach) in Isaiah 4:2 (a twig, a shoot); these words "are messianic terms."[6]
  • Jesse: the father of king David (1 Samuel 16:1-20).[7]
  • "Branch" - (נצר nêtser). A twig, branch, sprout or shoot; a word of "messianic terms."[6] The word occurs four times in the Hebrew Bible including this verse; the other three are Isaiah 60:21 : 'They shall inherit the land forever, the branch of my planting;' Isaiah 14:19 : 'But thou art cast out of thy grave as an abominable branch;' Daniel 11:7: 'But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate.'

Verse 3

His delight shall be in the fear of the Lord, (English Standard Version), or
Of quick understanding in the fear of the Lord (King James Version).

Verse 6

“The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb,
The leopard shall lie down with the young goat,
The calf and the young lion and the fatling together;
And a little child shall lead them.[8]

Verse 10

“And in that day there shall be a Root of Jesse,
Who shall stand as a banner to the people;
For the Gentiles shall seek Him,
And His resting place shall be glorious.”[9]

Cross reference: Isaiah 11:1
Cited by Apostle Paul in Romans 15:12

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Theodore Hiebert, et al. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume VI. Nashville: Abingdon.
  2. ^ Ulrich 2010, p. 353-354.
  3. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
  4. ^ As implemented in the Jewish Publication Society's 1917 edition of the Hebrew Bible in English.
  5. ^ Isaiah 11:1
  6. ^ a b The Nelson Study Bible. Thomas Nelson, Inc. 1997. ISBN 9780840715999. pp. 1111-1114.
  7. ^ The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha, Augmented Third Edition, New Revised Standard Version, Indexed. Michael D. Coogan, Marc Brettler, Carol A. Newsom, Editors. Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA; 2007. pp. 994-996 Hebrew Bible. ISBN 978-0195288810
  8. ^ Isaiah 11:6
  9. ^ Isaiah 11:10

Bibliography

  • Ulrich, Eugene, ed. (2010). The Biblical Qumran Scrolls: Transcriptions and Textual Variants. Brill.
  • Würthwein, Ernst (1995). The Text of the Old Testament. Translated by Rhodes, Erroll F. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans. ISBN 0-8028-0788-7. Retrieved January 26, 2019.

External links

Jewish

  • Isaiah 11: Hebrew with Parallel English

Christian

  • Isaiah 11 English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
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