Ion Inculeț

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Ion Inculeț
Ion C. Inculeţ (1884-1940), President of Moldavian Democratic Republic.jpg
President of Moldavian Democratic Republic
In office
December 15, 1917 – April 9, 1918
Prime Minister Pantelimon Erhan
Daniil Ciugureanu
Petru Cazacu
Succeeded by Union with Romania
President of Sfatul Țării
In office
December 4, 1917 – April 9, 1918
Succeeded by Constantin Stere
Member of the Moldovan Parliament
In office
Personal details
Born (1884-04-05)April 5, 1884
Răzeni, Russian Empire
Died November 18, 1940(1940-11-18) (aged 56)
Bucharest, Romania
Political party Bessarabian Peasants' Party
Spouse(s) Ruxandra Bașotă-Cantacuzino
Children Ion I. Inculeț
Georgel I. Inculeț
Profession lecturer

Ion C. Inculeț (April 5, 1884 – November 18, 1940) was a Bessarabian politician and the president of the Moldavian Democratic Republic. Also, he was a minister in Romania.

Early career

Born in Răzeni, the Russian Empire, now in Republic of Moldova, Inculeț graduated the Chișinău Seminary, studied medicine for a year at the Estonian Dorpat University and then he moved to Saint Petersburg, where he graduated in science at the Saint Petersburg University, working there as a lecturer.[1]

After getting his PhD in 1915, Inculeț worked as a physicist at the Meteorological Observatory, while at the same time, he wrote for the Basarabia newspaper of Constantin Stere. Participating in the February Revolution, on May 25 Inculeț was sent by Alexander Kerensky as a representative of the Russian Provisional Government to Bessarabia to follow the evolution of events.[1]

President of the Moldovan Parliament

Sfatul Țării, a representative body was formed on November 21, 1917, and Inculeț is chosen in unanimity its president. The first session of Sfatul Țării was held on December 4 [O.S. November 21] 1917, and chose Ion Inculeț as its president.

President of Moldavian Democratic Republic

Ion C. Inculeţ

On December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917, Sfatul Țării proclaimed the Moldavian Democratic Republic, with Inculeț as President.[2] On April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918, Sfatul Țării decided the union of Bessarabia with Romania and Inculeț was appointed Minister for Bessarabia in the Romanian government.

On October 22 [O.S. October 9] 1918, Ioan Simionescu proposed Inculeț to be a member of the Romanian Academy and he was elected as a full member on the meeting which took place the following day. His inaugural speech was named "Space and time in new scientific light" and it talked about the importance of Einstein's 1916 Theory of Relativity.[1]

Together with Pan Halippa, Inculeț founded the Bessarabian Peasants' Party, which militated for land reform in Bessarabia. In 1923, his wing of the party joined the National Liberal Party.

Inculeț died on 18 November 1940 and was buried at the Bellu cemetery in Bucharest.[1] The remains of Ion C. Inculeț and his spouse, Roxana Cantacuzino, were moved to Bârnova on June 7, 1942. The tombs of Inculeț and his wife are inside the Bârnova church (built 1942-47).



  1. ^ a b c d Antonina Inculeț, Emanuel Bădescu, "1918. Ion Inculeț la Academia Română", Magazin Istoric, no.11/2000
  2. ^ Ion Nistor, p.282
Preceded by
formation of republic
President of Moldavian Democratic Republic
December 15, 1917 - April 9, 1918
Succeeded by
Union with Romania
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