Terrorism in Bangladesh

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Bangladesh has experienced terrorism conducted by a number of radical local Islamist organizations.[1][2] In the past, both ISIL and al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent had claimed to be active in the country however, the Bangladeshi government believes that they mainly operated through local affiliates, before being neutralised by security forces.

Terrorist groups

The first Bangladeshi Islamist militant factions emerged in 1989, when a network of 30 different factions was established and expanded in the following years. The main goal of most Islamist groups in Bangladesh is to create a separate Islamic state, or to govern Bangladesh according to Sharia law. Islamist groups have conducted terrorist attacks against both the government and the general public.[3]

Timeline

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

  • On 17 January 2003, bomb blast at a shrine fair in Tangail.[9]
  • On 1 March 2003 a police sergeant was killed in a bomb attack in Khulna.[4]
  • On 11 March 2003 two police constables were killed in a bomb attack.[4]
  • On 6 September 2003 Bangladesh Awami League leader killed in bomb attack.[4]

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

  • On 17 September 2014, acting on a tip, Rapid Action Battalion discovered and dismantled a weapons and explosives storage facility located in the Satchhari forest, Chunarughat Upazila, Habiganj. 112 rocket launchers and 14 sacks of explosive material were confiscated during the operation.[14]
  • On 18 September 2014, police arrested 7 JMB terrorists, including a top commander Abdullah Al Tasnim, in the Landing Station Port area. The militants intended to utilize 10 kilogrammes of liquid explosives, in a number of terrorist acts throughout the country, in order to establish cooperation with ISIL.[15]
  • On 1 November 2014, a Rapid Action Battalion operation led to the capture of JMB's main coordinator Abdun Nur as well as four other militants. IED components were also seized.[16]

2015

2016

  • On 15 March 2016, ISIL claimed responsibility for murdering a Muslim preacher in Bangladesh.[17]
  • On 22 March 2016, unidentified attackers hacked a Christian convert to death in northern Bangladesh.[18] A day after, ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[19]
  • On 7 April 2016, a secular blogger was hacked to death by Islamists who claimed to be part of al-Qaeda.[20][21]
  • On 23 April 2016, a university professor was hacked to death on his way to work in northern Bangladesh. Without any evidence, ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[22][23]
  • On 25 April 2016, al-Qaeda terrorists hacked a gay activist and his friend to death in his apartment.[24][25]
  • On 30 April 2016, a Hindu tailor was hacked to death in his store. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[26] On the next day, Bangladesh authorities arrested three ISIL suspects for the murder.[27]
  • On 21 May 2016, a homeopathic doctor was hacked to death in Bangladesh. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[28]
  • On 1 July 2016, militants hacked a Buddhist farmer to death in Bandarban district. Mong Shwe Lung Marma, 55, was also vice president of the Bangladesh Awami League. ISIL fighters claimed responsibility for the murder.[29]
  • On 1 July 2016, five attackers opened fire inside the Holey Artisan Bakery located in the posh Gulshan neighbourhood, which is also part of the diplomatic enclave of Dhaka. Around 22 civilians and 2 police officers were killed. All five attackers were neutralised by the commando units of the Bangladesh Armed Forces, who stormed the building.[30][31]

2017

  • 14 March - A muslim Sufi spiritual leader and his daughter were shot and hacked to death by unknown militants in northern Bangladesh.[32]
  • 17 March- 2017 Dhaka RAB camp suicide bombing: A suicide bomber blew himself up inside an under construction camp of the anti-crime Rapid Action Battalion, mildly injuring two security personnel.[33]
  • 24 March - A suicide bomber blew himself up outside the police check-post, which was located on the road leading to the Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport causing no injuries to other people. ISIL claimed the attack.[34]
  • 25 March - 2017 South Surma Upazila bombings: A suicide bombing killed two civilians, two police officers and wounded around 40 during a security forces raid on a suspected terrorist hideout in South Surma Upazila, Bangladesh. ISIL claimed responsibility. Four militants were also killed.[35]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Fatalities-Islamist Terrorism 2005 - 2017 - South Asia Terrorism Portal". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Fatalities - Left-wing Extremism 2005 - 2017 - South Asia Terrorism Portal". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Terrorism in Bangladesh". Academia. 20 November 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Star Magazine". archive.thedailystar.net. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  5. ^ "9 killed in bomb attack in Bangladesh". rediff.com. 14 April 2001. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "Star Magazine". archive.thedailystar.net. Retrieved 2016-11-27.
  7. ^ Chowdhury, Rashed (17 November 2001). "Nazirhat College principal shot dead". GulfNews. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  8. ^ Karlekar, Hiranmay. Bangladesh: The Next Afghanistan?. SAGE. p. 163. ISBN 9780761934011.
  9. ^ "Tangail fair blast toll rises to 7". The Daily Star. 2003-01-16. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  10. ^ Adiga, Aravind (30 August 2004). "Bangladesh: A democracy is shaken". TIME. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Two killers of RU professor Mohammad Yunus get death sentence reduced to life term following retrial". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  12. ^ "Bombs explode across Bangladesh". BBC News. 17 August 2005. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Trail of terror attacks". archive.thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  14. ^ "Huge arms, explosives haul seized in Habiganj forest". Daily Star. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  15. ^ "JMB trying to contact Islamic State". Daily Star. 19 September 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Main coordinator of JMB captured". Daily Star. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  17. ^ "ISIS claims murder of Muslim preacher in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  18. ^ "Christian convert hacked to death in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  19. ^ "ISIS claims murder of Christian convert in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  20. ^ "Secular activist hacked to death in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  21. ^ Sugam Pokharel, Ivan Watson, and Yuli Yang, CNN (7 April 2016). "Al Qaeda group says it killed Nazimuddin Samad - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  22. ^ "University professor hacked to death in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  23. ^ "Islamic State claims it killed Bangladeshi academic". the Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  24. ^ Saad Hammadi. "Founder of Bangladesh's first and only LGBT magazine killed". the Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  25. ^ "Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent claims killing of LGBT activist, friend in Bangladesh". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  26. ^ "ISIS claims killing of Hindu man in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  27. ^ Sugam Pokharel, Ivan Watson and Alanne Orjoux, CNN (30 April 2016). "Bangladesh hacking death: Hindu tailor killed - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  28. ^ Ruma Paul (21 May 2016). "Bangladesh village doctor hacked to death in attack claimed by Islamic State". Reuters.
  29. ^ "Buddhist AL leader killed in Bandarban - The Daily Star". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  30. ^ "20 foreigners killed in 'Isil' attack on Dhaka restaurant - The Telegraph". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  31. ^ "Police kill 6 militants, rescue 13 hostages in Dhaka attack - The Boston Globe". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  32. ^ "Sufi leader shot, hacked to death in Bangladesh". The Washington Post. 13 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  33. ^ "'Suicide bomber' dies in blast inside Dhaka RAB camp". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
  34. ^ "Bangladesh : attentat raté à l'aéroport international de Dacca". Air Journal (in French). Retrieved 2017-03-25.
  35. ^ "Sylhet blasts kill four amid Bangladesh militant raid". Retrieved 2017-03-25.
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